Application possibilities of the micro-meso-macro framework in economic geography Utrecht = Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography 1115
Seery, M.D.; Holman, E.A.; Silver, R.C. (2010): Whatever does not kill us: Cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 99 (6), 1025–1041.
Seery M.D. Holman E.A. Silver R.C. 2010 Whatever does not kill us: Cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 99 6 1025 1041
Claudia R. Binder, Christof Knoeri and Maria Hecher
investments in envelope renovation and in new heating technologies ( Friege/Chappin 2014 ). These are dependent, for instance, on the lifetime of buildings, building age, technology development (e. g. heating systems), technology adoption, and the end-use behavior of individuals ( UNEP 2009 ; Knoeri/Steinberger/Roelich 2015 ). There is still little knowledge on how scenarios of envelope renovation rates, legislative standards, and heating technology adoption affect the demand for different energy carriers over time.
Some studies have analyzed whether hypothesized future
the various territorial scales: local, regional authorities, states, and the European level (the European union and the council of europe). Functionally, “local” refers to the scale of daily life: housing, commuting, working, accessing basic services, “regional” refers to the smallest spatial scale that can contain activities of a whole lifetime: areas where one is born, grows up, studies, works and retires. it includes the availability of services such as airports, stations serving high-speed trains, universities, hospitals, key cultural establishments, and natural
( UNDP 2007 , S. 168ff.).
Auf europäischer Ebene ist das Grünbuch zur Anpassung an den Klimawandel (2007) ein zentrales Dokument, welches den Begriff wie folgt in Beziehung setzt:
„Ensuring the sustainability of investments over their entire lifetime taking explicit account of a changing climate is often referred to as ‚climate proofing‘“ ( EU-Kommission 2007 , S. 3).
Eine umfassende Auseinandersetzung mit dem Begriff erfolgt im Nationalen Niederländischen Forschungsprogramm „Climate changes Spatial Planning“:
„From an engineering perspective, climate
stage of estate development ( Herbst 1975 ). Ursynów’s design was an attempt to combine the positives of the neighbourhood unit and traditional urban space, forming a ‘city within the city’.
Due to the above-mentioned features, Ursynów Północny presents more qualities that are endangered than issues to be tackled. Therefore the article focuses on the potential of housing estates and good practices which can be tracked throughout their lifetime. In this paper Ursynów Północny is considered as a part of the city equivalent to inner-city districts.
fortifications, the waste and garbage left on the spot; the city “grew upwards” preserving its cultural past in the form of layers (and Krakow is such a city). It sometimes happens that these layers are built from the ruins and debris after dramatic events in the history of cities. For example, the wartime and post WW2 fate of Warsaw, Dresden and Gdańsk can be recalled here. There are also cities whose lifetime, continuity of lasting, can be measured not in hundreds but in thousands of years (Jerusalem was founded 3000 years BC, Damascus is over 7000 years old, Rome was