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Józef Koc, Szymon Kobus and Katarzyna Glińska-Lewczuk

The significance of oxbow lakes for the ecosystem of afforested river valleys

The interest in significance of forest areas in water quality improvement has been increasing since creation of biogeochemical barriers became effective tools against the input of pollutants to surface water from diffuse sources. Along meandering river valleys, numerous floodplain lakes often appear as valuable water ecosystems but of advanced eutrophy. Their trophic status depends not only on the hydrological connectivity with the river but also land use in the direct vicinity of the reservoir. Research on water ecosystems in the postglacial river valleys in northern Poland contributed to identification of the role of woodland area in pollutants migration in the valley of the łyna River.

The study on the ecosystem concerned seasonal variation in nutrient concentrations (N and P) and bottom sediments properties in relation to hydrological conditions (water level fluctuations). Based on the collected data we attempted prediction of the reservoir lifetime. Depending on hydrological, geological and topographic conditions the origin of water supply of the basin is changing. Annual water level fluctuations in the range of 200 cm cause the basin capacity variation as much as 5 times. Nevertheless, water quality in the lake was conditioned by the riverine supply, the significant share in the lake feeding has groundwater supply from hillslope aquifer and seepage through alluvial aquifer. Contribution of every origin supply depends on river flow rate and valley water level, it depends on alluvial ground formations permeability and relief. Hillslope erosion of the concave bank was responsible for high nitrogen and phosphorus outflows. The research showed that primary and secondary production and freshets contributed to intensive deposition of bottom sediments in oxbow lake. The increase rate of sediment determined on the base of matter balance was 10 times higher than deposition rate of bottom sediments in glacial lakes. The accelerated processes of silting-up and shallowing and terrestialization of the valuable ecosystems indicate the necessity of floodpain lakes protection due to ecological functions they play in forestry landscape.

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Rüdiger Wink

Application possibilities of the micro-meso-macro framework in economic geography Utrecht = Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography 1115 Seery, M.D.; Holman, E.A.; Silver, R.C. (2010): Whatever does not kill us: Cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 99 (6), 1025–1041. Seery M.D. Holman E.A. Silver R.C. 2010 Whatever does not kill us: Cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 99 6 1025 1041 Simmie, J

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Claudia R. Binder, Christof Knoeri and Maria Hecher

investments in envelope renovation and in new heating technologies ( Friege/Chappin 2014 ). These are dependent, for instance, on the lifetime of buildings, building age, technology development (e. g. heating systems), technology adoption, and the end-use behavior of individuals ( UNEP 2009 ; Knoeri/Steinberger/Roelich 2015 ). There is still little knowledge on how scenarios of envelope renovation rates, legislative standards, and heating technology adoption affect the demand for different energy carriers over time. Some studies have analyzed whether hypothesized future

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Jean Peyrony and Olivier Denert

the various territorial scales: local, regional authorities, states, and the European level (the European union and the council of europe). Functionally, “local” refers to the scale of daily life: housing, commuting, working, accessing basic services, “regional” refers to the smallest spatial scale that can contain activities of a whole lifetime: areas where one is born, grows up, studies, works and retires. it includes the availability of services such as airports, stations serving high-speed trains, universities, hospitals, key cultural establishments, and natural

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Jörn Birkmann and Mark Fleischhauer

( UNDP 2007 , S. 168ff.). Auf europäischer Ebene ist das Grünbuch zur Anpassung an den Klimawandel (2007) ein zentrales Dokument, welches den Begriff wie folgt in Beziehung setzt: „Ensuring the sustainability of investments over their entire lifetime taking explicit account of a changing climate is often referred to as ‚climate proofing‘“ ( EU-Kommission 2007 , S. 3). Eine umfassende Auseinandersetzung mit dem Begriff erfolgt im Nationalen Niederländischen Forschungsprogramm „Climate changes Spatial Planning“: „From an engineering perspective, climate

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Krystyna Ilmurzyńska

stage of estate development ( Herbst 1975 ). Ursynów’s design was an attempt to combine the positives of the neighbourhood unit and traditional urban space, forming a ‘city within the city’. Due to the above-mentioned features, Ursynów Północny presents more qualities that are endangered than issues to be tackled. Therefore the article focuses on the potential of housing estates and good practices which can be tracked throughout their lifetime. In this paper Ursynów Północny is considered as a part of the city equivalent to inner-city districts. Planning the

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Balázs Kósa, Hajnalka Juhász, Lilla Gyüre, Olivér Schmidt, Renáta Németh-Szigeti, Kinga Paczolai and Attila Béla Széll

Abstract

Hungary has been the home of many peoples from the beginnings of its history. As a result, our accumulated heritage is made up of buildings which were built, used and formed by different peoples during their lifetimes. This study investigates the diversity of the built heritage, the architectural and social multiculturalism in the city centre of Pécs.

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Małgorzata Pietrzak and Marek Angiel

fortifications, the waste and garbage left on the spot; the city “grew upwards” preserving its cultural past in the form of layers (and Krakow is such a city). It sometimes happens that these layers are built from the ruins and debris after dramatic events in the history of cities. For example, the wartime and post WW2 fate of Warsaw, Dresden and Gdańsk can be recalled here. There are also cities whose lifetime, continuity of lasting, can be measured not in hundreds but in thousands of years (Jerusalem was founded 3000 years BC, Damascus is over 7000 years old, Rome was