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J. Pavlinová, J. Kinčeková, A. Ostró, L. Saksun, Z. Vasilková and A. Königová

Abstract

Infections of various aetiology during pregnancy present a serious risk factor that can lead to abortion, premature birth, stillbirth, birth of newborn with genetic developmental defects, or seemingly healthy infant that may develop symptoms later in life. A total of 530 sera of patients from gynaecology departments were examined for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii, Toxocara spp. and Listeria monocytogenes using ELISA (IgG, IgM). In women with habitual abortions we determined up to 42.1 % seroprevalence of IgG antibodies against T. gondii. The prevalence of antibodies was statistically significant (p < 0.0004) when compared to control group (25.1 %). In the patients diagnosed with sterility the prevalence of antibodies (26.3 %) was similar to that of control group. The prevalence of antibodies against Toxocara spp. (5.5 %) and Listeria monocytogenes (2.3 %) in patients with habitual abortions were similar to those of women in the general population.

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G.I. Izvekova, T.V. Frolova and E.I. Izvekov

- 258. DOI: 10.1134/S0032945215010208 SOPRUNOV, F.F. (1987): Molecular basis of parasitism. Moscow, Nauka, 224 pp. (In Russian) UGLEM, G.L, JUST, J.J. (1983): Trypsin inhibition by tapeworms: antienzyme secretion or pH adjustment? Science, 220: 79 - 81. ZANG, X., MAIZELS, R.M. (2001): Serine proteinase inhibitors from nematodes and the arms race between host and pathogen. Trends Biochem. Sci., 26: 191 - 197. DOI: 10.1016/S0968- 0004(00)01761-8 ZIMIC, M.J., INFANTES, J., LÓPEZ, C. et al. (2007): Comparison

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I. S. El-Shahawy, M. I. Khalil and A. S. Adail

.R., Utzinger, J., Fenwick, A. (2010): Schistosomiasis in infants and preschool-aged children: Infection in a single Schistosoma haematobium and a mixed S. haematobium-S. mansoni foci of Niger. Acta Trop ., 115: 212-219. DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2010.03.005 10.1016/j.actatropica.2010.03.005 Garba A Barkiré N Djibo A Lamine MS Sofo B Gouvras AN Bosqué-Oliva E Webster JP Stothard JR Utzinger J Fenwick A 2010 Schistosomiasis in infants and preschool-aged children: Infection in a single Schistosoma haematobium and a mixed S. haematobium-S. mansoni foci of Niger Acta Trop

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M. Magi, L. Guardone, W. Mignone, M. C. Prati and F. Macchioni

in red foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) of the Italian Alpine region: is there a focus of autochthonous transmission? Int. J. Parasitol 35 1079 1083 Chappell, C.L., Enos, J.P., Penn, H.M. (1990). Dipylidium caninum , an under-recognized infection in infants and children. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J ., 9(10): 745 – 747 10.1097/00006454-199010000-00014 Chappell CL Enos JP Penn HM 1990 Dipylidium caninum , an under-recognized infection in infants and children Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 9 10 745 747 Contesse, P., Hegglin, D., Gloor, S., Bontadina, F., Deplazes, P. (2004): The

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A. Dudlová, P. Juriš, S. Jurišová, P. Jarčuška and V. Krčméry

(P = 0.72 %). The highest positivity for the presence of G. intestinalis showed the youngest age category (age from 1 month to 7 years). Giardiasis more often affects infants, young children and adolescents than adults ( Huston, 2006 ; Fletcher et al ., 2014 ). The rapid spread of infection can take place in centres for children 12 – 16 months old, or collectives ( Guandalini, 2004 ). Protozoa Entamoeba coli, E. hartmanni, E. polecki, Endolimax nana , and Iodamoeba buetschlii are generally considered as non-pathogenic, although they were identified in the