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Assaf Arie Barg, Sarina Levy Mendelovich, Shadan Lalezari, Shirley Azar Aviv, Dalia Bashari and Gili Kenet

References 1. Weiss HA, Larke N, Halperin D, Schenker I. Complications of circumcision in male neonates, infants and children: a systematic review. BMC Urology; 2010: 10:2. doi: 10.1186/1471-2490-10-2. 2. Niku SD, Stock JA, Kaplan GW. Neonatal circumcision. Urol Clin N Am 1995; 22: 57 65. 3. Kearney S, Sharathkumar A, Rodriguez V, et al. Neonatal circumcision in severe haemophilia: a survey of paediatric haematologists at United States Hemophilia Treatment Centers. Haemophilia 2015; 21: 52-7. 4

Open access

Victoria West

, Kamil ES. Hemodialysis vascular access options in pediatric: considerations for patients and practionners. Int J Pediatr 2009; 24(6): 1121-8. 10. Wartman S, Rose D, Woo K, Gradman W, Weaver FA, Rowe V. Outcomes with arteriovenous fistulas in the pediatric population. J Vasc Surg 2014; 60(1): 170-5. 11. Carslen CG, Taylor SM, Cull D, Langan EM, Snyder BA, Yonky JR, Caldwell RA. AV fistula: a forgotten alternative to venous access. Ann Vas Surg 2004; 18(6): 635-9. 12. Stovroff M, Teague WG. Intravenous access in infants

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Umma A. Ibrahim, Sagir G. Ahmed, Modu B. Kagu and Usman A. Abjah

metabolism. Parasitology 1993; 107: 137-45. doi: 10.1017/S0031182000075569. 23 Sangkhathat S, Patrapinyokul S, Wudhisuthimethawee P, et al. Massive gastrointestinal bleeding in infants with ascariasis. J Pediatr Surg 2003; 38: 1696-8. 24 García-Leiva J, Barreto-Zuñiga R, Estradas J, Torre A. Ascaris lumbricoides and iron deficiency anemia. Am J Gastroenterol 2008; 103: 1051-2. doi: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2007.01772_15.x. 25 Ahmad MM, Malik PK, Hassan S, Dwivedi S. Ascariasis presenting as hematemesis in a young boy. J Health Res

Open access

Steve Chaplin

properties. March 2016. Available from: (accessed 18 March 2016). 5. Wesley MC, Pereira LM, Scharp LA, et al. Pharmacokinetics of tranexamic acid in neonates, infants, and children undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesthesiology 2015;122:746-58. 6. Hunt BJ. The current place of tranexamic acid in the management of bleeding. Anaesthesia 2015;70 Suppl 1:50-3, e18. 7. Ng W, Jerath A, Wąsowicz M. Tranexamic acid: a clinical review. Anaesthesiol

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Aneta Gerhant, Marcin Olajossy, Agata Kalińska and Agata Miernicka


Aim: The objective was to analyze the case of postpartum depression complicated with extended suicide attempt.

Method: The analysis of clinical case and medical history.

Results: In 25-year-old patient, two weeks after childbirth, postpartum depression episode occurred. In the further course of illness psychotic symptoms (delusions, mood disorders), suicidal and infanticide thoughts emerged. Four weeks after childbirth, the patient killed her baby and took an unsuccessful suicidal attempt. Based on medical records, several risk factors of postpartum depression were identified: 1. obstetric and child-related risk factors: Caesarean section, premature birth, obstetric complications during pregnancy, infant’s difficult temper, difficulties related to breastfeeding; 2. psychological risk factors: baby blues, high anxiety level during pregnancy, high level of stress related to child care.

Conclusions: Psychoeducation of women during pregnancy, including their families, is an extremely crucial element of postpartum depression prevention. It is also necessary to raise awareness among healthcare professionals who have frequent contact with mothers after childbirth: midwives, gynaecologists and paediatricians.

Open access

Agnieszka Kopeć, Anna Aftyka, Ewa Humeniuk, Beata Rybojad and Ilona Rozalska-Walaszek


Introduction. Significant progress in the perinatal and intensive care therapy resulted in a meaningful increase of survival of extremely immature, and burdened with severe diseases neonates. Although infants are the patients of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, the needs of their parents should also be noticed and realized. The aim of the study was the analysis of the parents’ experiences of children hospitalized in the NICU.

Material. The research material comprises 39 written contributions of parents of children hospitalized in the NICU.

Method. A qualitative analysis of the text was used. Quotes of parents were classified in three categories: emotions, thoughts and support.

Results. Fear, happiness, joy, uncertainty, stress and shock are the most frequently emotions appearing in the parents’ reports. The most frequently mentioned areas of cognitive reactions of parents include: realization of child’s mortality, realizing problems of the premature birth, search for the guilty, and the reformulation of looking at the world. Parents often described support they received, but also pointed to the areas where support lacked.


  1. As a result of intense emotions, both positive and negative tint that parents experience at birth of a premature or sick child, multi-disciplinary care is necessary in order to reduce the negative effects of experienced emotions.

  2. Support, including information support for parents of critically ill newborns is a key skill in the practice of doctors taking care of children hospitalized in NICU.

  3. Psychological support is an essential element of the holistic care of the neonate’s family.

Open access

Joanna Róg, Ewa Stelmach, Bożena Śpila, Jacek Gajewski, Dariusz Juchnowicz, Aleksandra Korzeniowska, Joanna Tomaka and Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz

T.A., Barden A., Beilin L.J., Taylor A.L., Holt P.G., Prescott S.L. Fish oil supplementation in pregnancy modifies neonatal allergen-specific immune responses and clinical outcomes in infants at high risk of atopy: a randomized, controlled trial. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003; 112(6): 1178-84. 7. Gouveia T.L., Vieira de Sousa P.V., de Almeida S.S., Nejm M.B., Vieira de Brito J.M., Cysneiros R.M., de Brito M.V., Salu B.R., Oliva M.L., Scorza F.A., Naffah-Mazzacoratti Mda G.. High serum levels of proinflammatory markers during epileptogenesis. Can omega-3 fatty

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Ewelina Dziwota, Urszula Fałkowska, Katarzyna Adamczyk, Dorota Adamczyk, Alena Stefańska, Justyna Pawęzka and Marcin Olajossy

, Zachariah RM, Ezeonwuka CD, Liyanage VR, Rastegar M: Brain region-specific expression of MeCP2 isoforms correlates with DNA methylation within Mecp2 regulatory elements 13. Bertani I., Rusconi L., Bolognese F. et al.: Functional consequences of mutations In CDKL5, an X linked gene involved In infant ile spasms and mental retardation. J Biol Chem 2006; 281: 32048-32056 14. Dragich J., Houẃink-Manville C., Schanen N. et al.: Rett Syndrome: a surprising result of mutation in MECP2 . Hum Mol Genet 2000; 9: 2365-2375. 15. Young I., Zoghbi H.Y.: X

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Małgorzata Futyma-Jędrzejewska, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz and Ewelina Drzał

complications in relation to schizophrenia, Brain Res Rev. 2004; 45: 1-17. 59. Nilsson E, Lichtenstein P, Cnattingius S, Murray RM, Hultman CM, Women with schizophrenia: pregnancy outcome and infant death among their offspring. Schizphr. Res. 2002; 58: 221-229. 60. Cannon M, Jones PB, Murray RM. Obstetric Complications and Schizophrenia: Historical and Meta-Analytic Review. Am J Psychiatry. 2002; 159:1080-92. 61. Nicodemus KK, Marenco S, Batten AJ, Vakkalanka R, Egan MF, Straub RE et al. Serious obstetric complications interact with hypoxia

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Katarzyna Jusiak, Żaneta Brudkowska, Maria Gołębiowska, Justyna Morylowska-Topolska, Beata Gołębiowska, Michał Próchnicki, Agnieszka Próchnicka and Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz

-802. 28. Uvnas-Moberg K. Oxytocin may mediate the beneficts of positive social interaction and emotions. Psychoneuroendocrinol., 1998; 23(8): 819-835. 29. Strathearn L., Fonagy P., Amico J., Montague PR. Adult attachment predicts maternal brain and oxytocin response to infant cues. Neuropsychopharmacol., 2009; 34(13): 2655-2666. 30. Bartels A., Zeki S. The neural correlates of maternal and romantic love. Neuroim., 2004; 21(3): 1155-1166. 31. Sltzer LJ., Zieger TE., Pollak S. Social vocalizations can release oxytocin in humans. Proc. Biol. S.C., 2010