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Ingrid Brucknerová, Eduard Ujházy, Michal Dubovický and Mojmír Mach

, Allera A, Rosskamo R, Kowalewski S (1995) Erythropoetin as a biochemical parameter for fetal hypoxia. Klin pediatr   207 : 326-330. Farkouh C-R, Merrill J-D, Ballard P-L, Ballard R-A, Ischiropoulos H, Lorch S-A (2006) Urinary metabolites of oxidative stress and nitric oxide in preterm and term Infants. Biol Neonate   90 : 233-242. Holomáň M, Pecháň I (2002) The protection of myocardium in cardiovascular surgery. Bratislava, ELÁN, ISBN 80-85331-33-0, 152 pp. [in Slovak]. Holomáň M, Záhorec R

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Pavlina Sobrova, Vojtech Adam, Anna Vasatkova, Miroslava Beklova, Ladislav Zeman and Rene Kizek

Deoxynivalenol and its toxicity

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of several mycotoxins produced by certain Fusarium species that frequently infect corn, wheat, oats, barley, rice, and other grains in the field or during storage. The exposure risk to human is directly through foods of plant origin (cereal grains) or indirectly through foods of animal origin (kidney, liver, milk, eggs). It has been detected in buckwheat, popcorn, sorgum, triticale, and other food products including flour, bread, breakfast cereals, noodles, infant foods, pancakes, malt and beer. DON affects animal and human health causing acute temporary nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness, and fever. This review briefly summarizes toxicities of this mycotoxin as well as effects on reproduction and their antagonistic and synergic actions.

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David A. Geier, Janet K. Kern, Brian S. Hooker, Paul G. King, Lisa K. Sykes, Kristin G. Homme and Mark R. Geier

REFERENCES American Academy of Pediatrics. (1999). Thimerosal in vaccines – An interim report to clinicians. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Infectious Diseases and Committee on Environmental Health. Pediatrics 104 : 570–574. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth edition) . Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association. Andrews N, Miller E, Grant A, Stowe J, Osborne V, Taylor B. (2004). Thimerosal exposure in infants and developmental disorders: a retrospective

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Gianpaolo Guzzi, Paolo D. Pigatto, Francesco Spadari and Caterina A.M. La Porta

-553. Makani S, Gollapudi S, Yel L, Chiplunkar S, Gupta S. (2002) Biochemical and molecular basis of thimerosal-induced apoptosis in T cells: a major role of mitochondrial pathway. Genes Immun 3 : 270-278. Goldman LR, Shannon MW; American Academy of Pediatrics: Committee on Environmental Health. (2001) Technical report: mercury in the environment: implications for pediatricians. Pediatrics 108 : 197-205. Halsey NA. (1999) Limiting infant exposure to thimerosal in vaccines and other sources of mercury. JAMA 282 : 1763

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Lucia Olexová, Tomáš Senko, Peter Štefánik, Alžbeta Talarovičová and Lucia Kršková

rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 64: 681-686. Esposito G. (2011). Early postures and gait development in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Neurosci Res 71: Suppl. e101. Flanagan JE, Landa R, Bhat A, Bauman M. (2012). Head lag in infants at risk for autism: a preliminary study. Am J Occup Ther 66: 577-585. Gandhavadi B, Melvin JL. (1985). Electrical blink refl ex habituation in mentally retarded adults. J Mental Defi c Res 29: 49-54. Gillott A, Furniss F, Walter A. (2001). Anxiety in high-functioning children

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Michal Dubovicky, Kristína Belovicova, Kristína Csatlosova and Eszter Bogi

RS, Malberg J, Nakagawa S, D‘Sa C. (2000). Neuronal plasticity and survival in mood disorders. Biol Psychiatry 48 : 732–9. Einarson A, Choi J, Einarson TR, Koren G. (2009). Incidence of major malformations in infants following antidepressant exposure in pregnancy: results of a large prospective cohort study. Can J Psychiatry 54 : 242–6. Galbally M, Lewis AJ, Lum J, Buist A. (2009). Serotonin discontinuation syndrome following in utero exposure to antidepressant medication: prospective controlled study. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 43 (9): 846

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Blanka Švecová and Mojmír Mach

(1): 20–25. Polovková M, Simko P. (2017) Determination and occurrence of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfuraldehyde in white and brown sugar by high perfomance liquid chromatography. Food Control 78 : 183–186. Rada-Mendoza M, Olano A, Villamiel M. (2002). Determination of hydroxymthylfurfural in commercial jams and in fruit-based infant foods. Food Chemistry 79 (4): 513–516. Ramírez-Jiménez A, García-Villanova B, Guerra-Hernández E. (2000). Hydroxymethylfurfural and methylfurfural content of selected bakery products. Food Res Int 33 (10): 833

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Ayyalasomayajula Neelima, Ajumeera Rajanna, Reddy G. Bhanuprakash, C.S. Chetty and Challa Suresh

and latent over expression of amyloid precursor protein and β-amyloid in the aging brain. J Neurosci 25 (4): 823–829. Bihaqi SW, Huang H, Wu J, Zawia NH. (2011). Infant exposure to lead (Pb) and epigenetic modifications in the aging primate brain: implications for Alzheimer's disease. J Alzheimers Dis 27 : 819–833. Clementi ME, Marini S, Coletta M, Orsini F, Giardina B, Misiti F. (2005). Abeta(31-35) and Abeta(25-35) fragments of amyloid beta-protein induce cellular death through apoptotic signals: Role of the redox state of methionine-35. FEBS

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Chand D. Basha and Rajarami G. Reddy

. (2014). Energetic and nutritional constraints on infant brain development: Implications for brain expansion during human evolution. J Hum Evol 77 : 88–98 De Castro Vl, Destefani CR, Diniz C, Poli P. (2007). Evaluation of neurodevelopmental effects on rats exposed prenatally to sulfentrazone. Neurotoxicology 28 : 1249–59. Ellman GL, Courtney KD, Andres VRM, Feather stone RM. (1961). A new and rapid colorimetric determination of acetylcholinesterase activity. Biochem Pharmacol 7 : 88–95. Ettinger AS, Figueroa HL, Rojo MM, García AM, Peterson

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Shamaya L. Whitby, Daniel A. Hunter, Wilson Yau, Elizabeth W. Howerth and Worlanyo E. Gato

insulin resistance. Annu Rev Physiol 72: 219-46. Patriarca M, Menditto A, Rossi B, Lyon TDB and Fell GS (2000). Environmental exposure to metals of newborns, infants and young children. Michrochemical Journal 67: 351-361. Prieto-Hontoria PL, Pérez-Matute P, Marta Fernández-Galilea M, Matilde Bustos M, Martínez JA, Moreno-Aliaga MJ. (2011). Role of obesity-associated dysfunctional adipose tissue in cancer: A molecular nutrition approach. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics 1807: 664-678. Sargis RM, Neel BA