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Joona Taipale

-978. Craig, B. (2002). How do you feel? Interoception: The sense of the physiological condition of the body. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 3, 655-666. Craig, B. (2003). Interoception: The sense of the physiological condition of the body. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 13, 500-505. Dondi, M., Simion, F., & Caltran, G. (1999). Can newborns discriminate between their own cry and the cry of another newborn infant? Developmental Psychology, 35(2), 418-426. Farroni, T., Johnson, M., & Csibra, G. (2004). Mechanisms of eye gaze

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Anna Arfelli Galli

Verlag. Beebe, B., Knoblauch, S. & Rustin, J. (2002). Forms of intersubjectivity in infant research and their implications for adult treatement. Psychoanalytic Dialoges. Beebe, B., Knoblauch, S., Rustin, J. & Sorter, D. (2003). A Comparison of Meltzoff, Trevarthen and Stern. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 13 (6), 777-804. Beebe, B. (2008). Prefazione. In L. Carli & C. Rodini (edit), Le forme di intersoggettività. L’implicito e l’esplicito nelle relazioni interpersonali (XI-XXVI). Milano: Cortina. Carli, L. & Rodini, C. (a cura di) (2008). Le

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Anna Arfelli-Galli

emotion in early ontogeny (pp. 245–259). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. Kanizsa, G. (1987). Quasi-perceptual margins in homogenously stimulated fields’. In S. Petry & G. E. Meyer (Eds.), The perception of illusory contours (pp. 40–49). New York, NY: Springer. Meili, R., & Tobler, C. (1931). Les mouvement stroboscopiques chez les enfants. Archives de Psychologie, 23 , 131–156. Prechtl, H. F. R. (1990). Qualitative changes of spontaneous movement in foetus and pre-term infants are a marker of neurological dysfunction. Early Human

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Aneta Gerhant, Marcin Olajossy, Agata Kalińska and Agata Miernicka


Aim: The objective was to analyze the case of postpartum depression complicated with extended suicide attempt.

Method: The analysis of clinical case and medical history.

Results: In 25-year-old patient, two weeks after childbirth, postpartum depression episode occurred. In the further course of illness psychotic symptoms (delusions, mood disorders), suicidal and infanticide thoughts emerged. Four weeks after childbirth, the patient killed her baby and took an unsuccessful suicidal attempt. Based on medical records, several risk factors of postpartum depression were identified: 1. obstetric and child-related risk factors: Caesarean section, premature birth, obstetric complications during pregnancy, infant’s difficult temper, difficulties related to breastfeeding; 2. psychological risk factors: baby blues, high anxiety level during pregnancy, high level of stress related to child care.

Conclusions: Psychoeducation of women during pregnancy, including their families, is an extremely crucial element of postpartum depression prevention. It is also necessary to raise awareness among healthcare professionals who have frequent contact with mothers after childbirth: midwives, gynaecologists and paediatricians.

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Agnieszka Kopeć, Anna Aftyka, Ewa Humeniuk, Beata Rybojad and Ilona Rozalska-Walaszek


Introduction. Significant progress in the perinatal and intensive care therapy resulted in a meaningful increase of survival of extremely immature, and burdened with severe diseases neonates. Although infants are the patients of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, the needs of their parents should also be noticed and realized. The aim of the study was the analysis of the parents’ experiences of children hospitalized in the NICU.

Material. The research material comprises 39 written contributions of parents of children hospitalized in the NICU.

Method. A qualitative analysis of the text was used. Quotes of parents were classified in three categories: emotions, thoughts and support.

Results. Fear, happiness, joy, uncertainty, stress and shock are the most frequently emotions appearing in the parents’ reports. The most frequently mentioned areas of cognitive reactions of parents include: realization of child’s mortality, realizing problems of the premature birth, search for the guilty, and the reformulation of looking at the world. Parents often described support they received, but also pointed to the areas where support lacked.


  1. As a result of intense emotions, both positive and negative tint that parents experience at birth of a premature or sick child, multi-disciplinary care is necessary in order to reduce the negative effects of experienced emotions.

  2. Support, including information support for parents of critically ill newborns is a key skill in the practice of doctors taking care of children hospitalized in NICU.

  3. Psychological support is an essential element of the holistic care of the neonate’s family.

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Joanna Róg, Ewa Stelmach, Bożena Śpila, Jacek Gajewski, Dariusz Juchnowicz, Aleksandra Korzeniowska, Joanna Tomaka and Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz

T.A., Barden A., Beilin L.J., Taylor A.L., Holt P.G., Prescott S.L. Fish oil supplementation in pregnancy modifies neonatal allergen-specific immune responses and clinical outcomes in infants at high risk of atopy: a randomized, controlled trial. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003; 112(6): 1178-84. 7. Gouveia T.L., Vieira de Sousa P.V., de Almeida S.S., Nejm M.B., Vieira de Brito J.M., Cysneiros R.M., de Brito M.V., Salu B.R., Oliva M.L., Scorza F.A., Naffah-Mazzacoratti Mda G.. High serum levels of proinflammatory markers during epileptogenesis. Can omega-3 fatty

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Violet Pietrantonio

. (2010). “Forzantica”. Quadi Psicot Infant 61 :178-230, Borla, Roma. PIETRANTONIO, V. (2015). At the origin of psychic life: in a grain of sand the first αwailings of a newborn reame. It Psychoanal Ann 9 :25-49. ROSENFELD, H. (1987). Impasse and Interpretation. Routledge, N.Y, 1990. ROSENFELD, H. (1998). I Seminari Italiani, Quaderni del Centro Milanese di Psicoanalisi. STERN, D. (2013). Field Theory in Psychoanalysis. Part 2: Bionian Field Theory and Contemporary Relational/Interpersonal Psychoanalysis. Psychoanal Dial 23 :630

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Ewelina Dziwota, Urszula Fałkowska, Katarzyna Adamczyk, Dorota Adamczyk, Alena Stefańska, Justyna Pawęzka and Marcin Olajossy

, Zachariah RM, Ezeonwuka CD, Liyanage VR, Rastegar M: Brain region-specific expression of MeCP2 isoforms correlates with DNA methylation within Mecp2 regulatory elements 13. Bertani I., Rusconi L., Bolognese F. et al.: Functional consequences of mutations In CDKL5, an X linked gene involved In infant ile spasms and mental retardation. J Biol Chem 2006; 281: 32048-32056 14. Dragich J., Houẃink-Manville C., Schanen N. et al.: Rett Syndrome: a surprising result of mutation in MECP2 . Hum Mol Genet 2000; 9: 2365-2375. 15. Young I., Zoghbi H.Y.: X

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Katarzyna Jusiak, Żaneta Brudkowska, Maria Gołębiowska, Justyna Morylowska-Topolska, Beata Gołębiowska, Michał Próchnicki, Agnieszka Próchnicka and Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz

-802. 28. Uvnas-Moberg K. Oxytocin may mediate the beneficts of positive social interaction and emotions. Psychoneuroendocrinol., 1998; 23(8): 819-835. 29. Strathearn L., Fonagy P., Amico J., Montague PR. Adult attachment predicts maternal brain and oxytocin response to infant cues. Neuropsychopharmacol., 2009; 34(13): 2655-2666. 30. Bartels A., Zeki S. The neural correlates of maternal and romantic love. Neuroim., 2004; 21(3): 1155-1166. 31. Sltzer LJ., Zieger TE., Pollak S. Social vocalizations can release oxytocin in humans. Proc. Biol. S.C., 2010

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Małgorzata Futyma-Jędrzejewska, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz and Ewelina Drzał

complications in relation to schizophrenia, Brain Res Rev. 2004; 45: 1-17. 59. Nilsson E, Lichtenstein P, Cnattingius S, Murray RM, Hultman CM, Women with schizophrenia: pregnancy outcome and infant death among their offspring. Schizphr. Res. 2002; 58: 221-229. 60. Cannon M, Jones PB, Murray RM. Obstetric Complications and Schizophrenia: Historical and Meta-Analytic Review. Am J Psychiatry. 2002; 159:1080-92. 61. Nicodemus KK, Marenco S, Batten AJ, Vakkalanka R, Egan MF, Straub RE et al. Serious obstetric complications interact with hypoxia