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Veronica Akwenabuaye Undelikwo and Ebingha Erena Enang

, prenatal and infant morbidity and mortality in rural and urban slum communities. Indian Paediatrics, 1(28), 1473-1480. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, (2016), Infant mortality. [Online] Available: Chandrashekhar, T.S.; Hari, S.J; Binu, V.S; Sabitri, G. & Neena, C. (2006). Home delivery and newborn care practices among urban women in western Nepal:a questionnaire survey. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. Vol 6 (27), 6- 27. CIA World Factbook, (2016), Infant

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Nicholas J. D’Angelo


The United States considers itself a world superpower in many realms, but equality in political representation is not one of them. Currently, female representation in the United States Congress hovers around nineteen-percent, placing the United States in league with nations that have historically oppressed women, including Kenya and Tajikistan. While other, more infant, democracies have utilized political quotas as a means to increase female political involvement, the United States’ maintains a tradition of formal equality and neutralism. Long-standing precedent remains suspicious of anything resembling a quota. However, France faced a similar dilemma, unable to increase female representation due to a tradition of universalism. Working within its constitutional confines, France adopted parity in an attempt to achieve “perfect equality.” This paper argues that the United States may be able to use France as an example, thus potentially increasing female representation through a parity system that respects the traditions of our Constitution.

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James E. Pfander

as taxpayers does not give them a concrete or personal stake in every government decision to spend federal money; the impact of any expenditure on any particular citizen’s tax liability has been regarded as too diffuse to warrant standing. See Frothingham v. Mellon, 262 U.S. 447 (1921) (no standing to challenge federal financial support for state programs to reduce maternal and infant mortality). The Warren Court created an exception to this rule in Flast v . Cohen , recognizing taxpayer standing to challenge the appropriation of federal money to a religious

Open access

Deborah J. Anthony

substantial changes to them. Married women’s property rights were essentially nonexistent, Pearl Hogrefe, Legal Rights of Tudor Women and the Circumvention by Men and Women, 3 t HE s IXTEENTH c ENTURY J. 97, 100 (1972). and husbands were thoroughly dominant over their wives. A commentator in 1816 noted that “[m] arried women are, by the law of England, subject, in matters of contract, to a greater disability even than infants …” P EREGRINE B INGHAM T HE Y OUNGER , L AW OF I NFANCY AND C OVERTURE 161 (1816). While women had been able to inherit in the absence of

Open access

John Vlahoplus

owe to the country of their nativity . …… See Ex parte Dawson 3 Bradf. Ch. 130, 136-38 (N.Y. Surr. Ct. 1855), . Cf . Weedin v. Chin Bow, 274 U.S. 657, 660 (1927) (the Acts of Ann. and Geo. II deemed children natural born, and the Act of Geo. III extended this to the next generation). An English court considered its jurisdiction over an infant born and living in France in In re Willoughby (1885) 30 Ch. D. 324, aff’d , (1886) 53 LT 926. The child met the paternal requirement of the Act of Geo. III; the court found

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Majing Oloko and Regina Ekpo

Development – IFAD (2012). Rural Poverty in Nigeria: Agriculture in the Federal Republic of Nigeria Kankara, S.S., Ibrahim, M.H., Mustafa, M., & Go, R. (2015) Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal Plants used for Traditional Maternal Health Care in Katsina State, Nigeria. South African Journal of Botany , 97:165-175. Katepa-Bwalya, M., Mukonka, V., Kankasa, C., Masaninga, F., Babaniyi, O., & Siziya, S. (2015) Infants and young children feeding practices and nutritional status in two districts of Zambia. International

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Markus Miten Kleden, Hendrawan Soetanto, Kusmartono and Kuswanto

preclinical report. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. 2(2): S790-S795. Adeniji, A.A, and M. Lawal (2012). Effect replacing groundnut cake with Moringa oleifera leaf meal in the diets of grower rabbits. International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research. 2(3): 8-13. Estrella, M.C.P., J.B.V. Mantaring, G.Z. David, M.A. Taup (2000). A double-blind, randomized controlled trial on the use of malunggay (Moringa oleifera) for augmentation of the volume ofbreastmilk among non-nursing mothers of preterm infants. The Philipine Journal of