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Open access

Gheorghe Militaru

Abstract

This study investigated the range of potential performance implications of transformational leadership to improve the university performance by creativity, knowledge, and innovation. We examine the relationships among innovation orientation, transformational leadership, organizational learning, and university performance using hierarchical OLS regression technique. We found that transformational leadership influences the relationship between leaders' performance (rectors, deans, and managers) and university's outcomes (teaching, research, and service) to establish how leader behaviours affect the university performance. Results reveal that transformational leadership may motivate academic staff to work harder, exerting more effort and engaged in higher levels of task performance through inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, idealized influence, and individualized consideration. The current study shows that transformational leadership may facilitate higher levels of creativity and innovation through emphasized the knowledge integration mechanisms into university. The moderately positive relationships of transformational leadership with university performance suggest that universities should focus on selecting and promoting individuals for upper-level managerial positions with these characteristics