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Daria Łucka

observations are not confirmed by statistics. R. G. Holcombe (2004: 290) suggests an explanation of this phenomenon: when there is urban development of new areas – opposed by new urbanists – car traffic stretches out to different thoroughfares; the roads are therefore less ‘clogged’ and the time for driving to work is reduced. Idealisation of (past) communities According to A. J. Saab (2007: 196), the proponents of New Urbanism do not notice any imperfections in the traditions they refer to and suffer from historical amnesia: ‘Their emphasis on the “re” (reintegration

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Łukasz Drozda

, not their idealised assumptions. This applies to the phenomenon of the so-called nightmare of participation – a situation in which the participatory nature of public policy becomes an end in itself, instead of becoming a technique that increases its real social impact ( Miessen 2010 ). In currently existing conditions, as mentioned above, it is very hard to use the zero-one criterion as a method of evaluating public policy. The model proposed in this article is therefore primarily of use to public policy makers. It allows them to objectify the ways of evaluating