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Hans Klein

Abstract

The historical-critical method of biblical exegesis has its roots in Humanism and in the Enlightenment. Humanism situated the Bible in the series of ancient texts, whilst the Enlightenment sought the rational elements in the message of the Bible. The method, developed over a long period of time, proceeds from the assumption that the Bible has a message, first and foremost, for the respective era. This is why it tries to distil the demands and consolations of the Bible on the basis of (historical) knowledge about the respective era, and to sound the depths of its message for the present on this basis. There are many steps the interpreter must go through to create a space in his heart for the message of the Bible in accord with the specifics of his own era. The critical aspect of the method rests primarily on placing the message within the time of its utterance, but also on relating it to the conditions and mentalities prevailing at the time of interpretation. The historical-critical method is an auxiliary science that does not exclude other types of Bible exegesis. The insights gained from applying it are communicated through sermons and as part of the teachings of the Church.

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Jason J. Graffagnino

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André A. Gazal

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Egil Grislis

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Randall J. Pederson

Bibliography Amos NS (2015) Bucer, Ephesians, and Biblical Humanism. The Exegete as Theologian . New York, NY: Springer. Ballor JJ (2013) The Shape of Reformed Orthodoxy in the Seventeenth Century. The Soteriological Debate Between George Kendall and Richard Baxter. In Ballor J, Sytsma D, and Zuidema J (eds) Church and School in Early Modern Protestantism. Studies in Honor of Richard A. Muller on the Maturation of a Theological Tradition. Leiden: Brill. Ballor JJ, Sytsma D, Zuidema J (2013) Church and School in Early Modern Protestantism

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Andreas J. Beck

Bibliography Anselm (1946) Cur Deus homo. In Schmitt FS (ed) S. Anselmi Cantuariensis archiepiscopi Opera Omnia . Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson, pp. 39-133. Armstrong BG (1969) Calvinism and the Amyraut Heresy. Protestant Scholasticism and Humanism in Seventeenth Century France . Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press. Augustine A (1865) Opera Omnia. In Patrologia Cursus Completus (Series Latina), volume 46. Paris: Imprimerie Catholique. Bakhuizen van den Brink JN, ed (1976) De Nederlandse belijdenisgeschriften. In authentieke teksten

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Nafisa Yeasmin

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