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Zbigniew Dziubiński

Tourism through the Eyes of the Holy See

The Vatican's vision of tourism is based on Christian humanism, integral humanism and personalism. At the very core of the vision are human beings, who are not only the creators of tourism but also its ultimate goal, and for this reason all values of the natural world should be unconditionally subordinated to the good that are people. Consequently, the fundamental goal of tourism is to satisfy the needs of exploration, relaxation, entertainment and, first and foremost, the spiritual and intellectual needs of every person. Tourism has to help build a sense of community. It should also contribute to the elimination of poverty and foster the sense of responsibility for the environment. Tourism must not be exclusive to the rich and it should never be a time of depravity, promiscuity and, consequently, the degradation of people. Tourism should become an opportunity for all people to discover their contemplative dimension, giving them a chance to see God in nature and first of all, in other people.

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Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson

REFERENCES Andersson, L. (2012). Idrotten var livet självt. [Sport was life itself]. Sans , 3. Retrieved April 24, 2017, from Healy, M.L., Gibney, J., Pentecost, C., Wheeler, M.J., & Sonksen, P.H. (2014). Endocrine profiles in 693 elite athletes in the post competition setting. Clinical Endocrinology , 81(2), 294–305. DOI: 10.1111/cen.12445. Johansson, I. & Hjelm, J. (2012). Humanism och Idrott [Humanism and sports]. Fri Tanke . Retrieved April 24, 2017, from

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Barbara Wolny

References Wolny, B., Physical education in the reformed school. The status and position of physical education in Polish school [in Polish]. KUL, Lublin 2006. Kowalczyk, S., The principles of Christian personalism. In: Barlak M. (ed.), Personalistic vision of sport [in Polish]. Wydawnictwo Salezjańskie, Warszawa 1994, 17-19. Nowak, M., Basics of open pedagogy [in Polish]. RW KUL, Lublin 2000. Maritain, J., Integral humanism: Temporal and Spiritual Problems

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Mark Nesti

, Nesti, M., Watson, N. (2011). Theology, Ethics and Transcendence in Sports. New York: Routledge. Pieper, J. (1995). Divine Madness: Plato's Case Against Secular Humanism. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. Pieper, J. (1998). Leisure: The Basis of Culture. South Bend, In St Augustine's Press. Pisk, J. (2011). Sport: the treasure of temperance. Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research , 51, 53-61. DOI: 10.2478/v10141-011-0005-9. Ravizza, K. (1977.) Peak