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Viera Plechová

Abstract

The article deals with the ideas of humanity and morality as reflected in the works of R. W. Emerson, the main representative of an intellectual movement called American transcendentalism. It conveys basic facts about the movement and focuses on the key aspects of Emerson’s transcendental philosophy, particularly his concept of the Over-soul and his concept of Nature, which gave his humanistic philosophy a religious and moral accent. Due to it, Emerson’s religious humanism also became the basis of American democratic individualism. The article offers insight into Emerson’s ideas on morality and ethical behaviour, which challenge us to live in harmony with God and nature.

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Ali Arian

Abstract

It seems that the very important role of literature is its transcendental appeal. Literature knows no boundary and it ties whole nations even if they are politically segregated. The present paper tries to trace some of the salient features of humanism and Sufism, such as Absolute Unity, simplicity, selfknowing, purity, solitude, loving one another and some others in Henry David Thoreau’s Walden. This American writer, as an ardent follower of the Transcendental Club in America and the holy scriptures of the East, was known as the hero of simplicity in the U.S.A. Being a protester against government and society, he dwelled for more than two years alone in Walden Pond to see the mysteries of life and to find Reality and the Almighty. He believed Nature to be the best teacher and opined that every parcel of nature is a sign of God. He came to know about the holy scriptures of the East, especially those of the Indians and strongly used them in his writings, especially in Walden and the Week. Therefore such a person who seeks God, indeed, can be familiar with elements of humanism and Sufism, and one can find such elements in Walden by pondering its text

Open access

Martin Šemelák

. 2011. “Human Rights Storytelling and Trauma Narrative in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go” In Journal of Human Rights , 10:1, 1-16 Sartre, J. P. 1946. Existentialism is Humanism . From a public lecture given in 1946. Translated by Philip Mairet. Available at: < http://www.mrsmoser.com/uploads/8/5/0/1/8501319/english_11_ib_-_no_exit__existentialism_is_a_humanism_-_sartre.pdf > Schopenhauer, A. 1891. On Suicide In Studies in Pessimism . Translated by T. B. Saunders. Adeliade: The University of Adelaide Library. eBook file. Available at: < https