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The Post-Human Society

Elemental Contours of the Aesthetic Economy of the United States

Rajani Kanth

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Jesús Morán Cepedano

Abstract

This text explores some of the great challenges present in the cultural landscape of today, such as globalization and its associated phenomena – (internationalisation and ultra-contemporaneousness); exasperated economism with its outcome in the scrap culture; the “piecemeal third world war”, according to Pope Francis’ effective expression, which is connected with a widespread and still poorly understood post-humanism and transhumanism; nihilism and the eclipse of religion as an institution. It considers the light that might be shed by the culture arising from the Focolare’s charism of unity, in order to address these challenges rigorously and without hasty demonizing. The overall picture is not intended to be negative but, without being naive, to offer an interpretation that is able to discern the work of the Spirit in the dramatic scenario of present times.

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Małgorzata Wosiek

The Conditions of Development of Peripheral Areas in the Context of Present-Day Transformations of the International Environment

The author of the article has tried to analyse the influence of transformations taking place in the international environment on the development of the countries and peripheral regions (i.e. regions that are underdeveloped in economic terms). It has been indicated that spontaneous globalisation and liberalisation - on the level of national and regional economies - intensify side effects of the market mechanism which is manifested as adversely growing development imbalances. Market fallibility points to the need of enclosing these processes in institutional frameworks, which would correct market regulations. Compensatory cohesion policy of the European Union makes integration processes more attractive to the underdeveloped countries and regions than the offer of global capitalism. However, overcoming mutual discrepancies between social goals and economic effectiveness still remains a challenge. On the other hand, evolving towards an information society and a knowledge-based society supports holistic and interdisciplinary thinking, where economic rationality is but one of a number of aspects, and not the key issue. Such tendencies favour dissemination of principles of humanism which motivate to reduce unnecessary development disproportions and to carry out sustainable development. At the same time, the fact that some areas are underdeveloped while functioning in a knowledge-based economy is mainly due to the quality factor, hence it is more durable by nature and it requires more time to be eliminated.

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Paola Canna and Manuela Partinico

Abstract

The significant social and cultural transformations which took place in recent decades brought about significant changes in the way couples interact and deal with “the risk of bonding”. The vulnerability that characterizes the couple in post-modernity is the consequence of these changes. The application of a co-therapy model with couples in crisis is based on the premise of mutual gift, which has to be understood as both an exchange of expertise and professionalism to the benefit of the couple, and as a bond of unity between co-therapists. The work that follows suggests some reflections which originate from the co-therapy model.

The novelty of this model originates from the fact that the clinical work is based on two connected and complementary aspects: a deep attention towards the patient and a deep attention towards the relationship between the co-therapists. Both of these aspects are characterized by the dimension of gift.

In this clinical model therapists transform any specific suffering lived by the couple in a positive relational experience between themselves which then becomes an example for the couple. Thus, for example, the inability to understand each other that the couple lives is contrasted by the capacity to listen to each other in a deep and authentic way by the therapists; the attitude of prevailing over each other in the couple, is counterbalanced by the therapists’ attention towards each other. And so on. This act of “overturning the limit” seems to reveal the therapeutic potential that a model of co-therapy, based on a new humanism, can offer to the clinical work with couples in crisis.

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Aurelian-Petruș Plopeanu and Daniel Homocianu

-modern Europe, New York: Cambridge University Press. Eisenstein, E.L., 2005, The Printing Revolution in early modern Europe, 2nd edition, New York: Cambridge University Press. Ferguson, N., 2011, Civilization: The West and the Rest, Iaşi: Polirom. Gilmore, M., 1952, The World of Humanism 1453 - 1517 (The Rise of Modern Europe), New York: W. Langer. Houston, R., 1983, Literacy and Society in the West, 1500-1850, Social History, 8 (3), p. 269-293. Lucas, R., 2002, Lectures on Economic Growth

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Joseph J. Hyde and Walter E. Block

Abstract

What is the source of the antipathy of Catholic intellectuals toward free markets? That is the issue addressed in the present paper. We see the antecedents of this viewpoint of theirs in terms of secular humanism, Marxism and mistaken views of morality and economics. One of the explanations for this phenomenon are the teachings of St Augustine. He greatly distrusted the City of Man, seeing it as anarchic and chaotic. In contrast, his City of God is more orderly, but far removed from the hurly burly of free enterprise. Another source of the rejection of capitalism on the part of Catholic intellectuals is liberation theology, which is Marxism minus the atheism of that doctrine. Both economic and cultural Marxism have played a role in the alienation of such intellectuals from the tenets of laissez faire capitalism. Are there any counter currents? Yes, the School of Salamanca, which has been all but forgotten in this community.

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Peter Krušinský, Eva Capková, Lucie Augustinková and Renáta Korenková

(2014), p. 199 - 207. [6] STRUHÁR, A.: Geometric harmony of historical architecture in Slovakia. Bratislava, Pallas, 1977. [7] WITTKOVER, R.: Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism. W. W. Norton & Company, 1971, ISBN 0393005992. [8] HEURICH, J.: Przewodnik dla cieśli obejmujący cały zakres ciesielstwa z 299 drzeworytami w tekście. Warszawa 1871. Reprint 2010, ISBN 978-83-61085-02-7.

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Zuzana Grúňová and Michaela Holešová

Kragujevac, Serbia, pp. 217-228. [10] TODOROVA, R.: The Aureole and the Mandorla: Aspects of the Symbol of the Sacral from Ancient Cultures to Christianity. In: STUDIA ACADEMICA ŠUMENENSIA, 3, 2016, Shumen University Press. pp. 199-223. [11] WITTKOWER, R.: Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism. John Wiley and Son, 1998. [12] SERLIO, S.: Il primo [-secondo] libro d'architettura. Venice, 1545. Online: https://archive.org/details/gri_33125008448702 , (in Italian). [13] ROSIN, P. L.: On Serlio’s constructions of ovals. IN: The Mathematical

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Jay R. Feierman

., Singer, T. The Empathic Brain: How, When and Why? Trends in Cognitive Science, 10(10), 2006, pp. 435-441. 34. de Waal, F. Chimpanzee Politics. John Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, 2007. 35. de Waal, F. The Age of Empathy: Nature’s Lessons for a Kinder Society. Three Rivers Press: New York: 2009. 36. de Waal, F. The Bonobo and the Atheist: In Search of Humanism among the Primates. W. W. Norton & Company: New York, 2013. 37. Diaz-Munoz, S. L. Cooperating to Compete: Altruism, Sexual selection and

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Grzegorz Iwanicki and Anna Dłużewska

-137. Robb, E.M., 2009: Violence and Recreation: Vacationing in the Realm of Dark Tourism. In: Anthropology and Humanism, Vol. 34, Issue 1, pp. 51-60. DOI: http://dx- .doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-1409.2009.01023.x Romanowska J., 2014: Oblicza turystyki flamenco w Sewilli (The Faces of Flamenco Tourism In Seville - In Polish). In: Turystyka kulturowa, Vol. 3, pp. 71-81, available at: http://www.turystykakulturowa.org/pdf/ 2014_03_03a.pdf, DoA: 10 March 2014. Smith, A., 2009: Effects of Low Cost Airlines on Efforts to Develop Cultural Heritage Tourism. In