anemia virus (EIAV): what has HIV’s country cousin got to tell us? Vet Res. 2004; 35:485-512. 10. Cullinane A, Quinlivan M, Nelly M, Patterson H, Kenna R, Garvey M, et al. Diagnosis of equine infectious anemia during the 2006 outbreak in Ireland. Vet Rec. 2007; 161:647-52. 11. Oaks JL, Mcguire TC, Ulibarri C, Crawford TB. Equine infectious anemia virus is found in tissue macrophages during subclinical infection. J Virol. 1998; 72:7263-9. 12. Nagarajan MM, Simard C. Detection of horses infected naturally with equine
Sunutcha Suntrarachun, Surasak Akesowan and Thaweesak Tirawatnapong
Anca Chiriac, Mihai Mares, Cristian Podoleanu, Cosmin Moldovan and Simona Stolnicu
Introduction: Lately, a new idea has caught the attention of young people of both genders, being debated in consultation rooms, during classes, and especially on social media: is using horse shampoo for human hair wrong or not?
Material and methods: A simple questionnaire about horse shampoo and its use in humans was addressed to 85 students.
Results: Thirty-eight responders were aware of its existence, 27 have tried it and 3 were still using it as a weekly shampoo. All positive responders were young women who declared being completely satisfied by horse shampoo and none of them have reported side effects.
Conclusion: Although it has good reviews, horse shampoo is not available in human pharmacies. As dermatologists, we are still looking for an answer.
Croitoru Md, Topor Elena, Fülöp Ibolya and Fogarasi Erzsébet
Technol. 2010;101:1396-1398. 7. Paine A, Davan AD. Defi ning a tolerable concentration of methanol in alcoholic drinks. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2001;20:563-568. 8. Chung TN, Kim SW, Park YS, Park I. Unilateral blindness with third cranial nerve palsy and abnormal enhancement of extraocular muscles on magnetic resonance imaging of orbit after the ingestion of methanol. Emerg Med J. 2010;27:409-410. 9. Monte WC. Methanol: a chemical Trojan horse as the root of the inscrutable. U Med Hypotheses. 2010;74:493-496. 10
Rune Andersen Hartvig, Niels Bjerre Holm, Petur Weihe Dalsgaard, Lotte Ask Reitzel, Irene Breum Müller and Kristian Linnet
quantification of bioactive peptides in biological fluids, Mass Spectrom.Rev., 2007, 26, 389-402  Hatziieremia S., Kostomitsopoulos, N., Balafas, V., Tamvakopoulos, C., A liquid chromatographic/tandem mass spectroscopic method for quantification of the cyclic peptide melanotan-II. Plasma and brain tissue concentrations following administration in mice, Rapid Commun.Mass Spectrom., 2007, 21, 2431-2438  Popot M. A., Woolfitt, A. R., Garcia, P., Tabet, J. C., Determination of IGF-I in horse plasma by LC electrospray ionisation mass
Rotimi Olusanya Arise, Oluwaseun Ruth Aburo, Samuel Tobi Farohunbi and Adenike Adebola Adewale
.2650090618 19. Caceres A, Saravia A, Rizzo S et al. Pharmacological properties of Moringaoleifera 2: Screening for antispasmodic, anti-inflammatoy and diuretic activity. J. Ethno-pharmacol 1992; 36:233 - 237. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-8741(92)90049-W 20. Morton JF. The horse radish tree: M. pterigosperma (Moringacea). A boon to arid lands.Economic Botany 1991; 45:318 - 33. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02887070 21. Dahot MU. Vitamin contents of flowers and seeds of M. oleifera.Pak. JBiochem 1988; 21:1 -24. 22
Angsana Keeratijarut, Tassanee Lohnoo, Wanta Yingyong, Umporn Nampoon, Tassanee Lerksuthirat, Pornpit Onpaew, Piriyaporn Chongtrakool and Theerapong Krajaejun
. Keeratijarut A, Karnsombut P, Aroonroch R, Srimuang S, Sangruchi T, Sansopha L, et al. Evaluation of an in-house immunoperoxidase staining assay for histodiagnosis of human pythiosis. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2009; 40:1298-305. 8. Triscott JA, Weedon D, Cabana E. Human subcutaneous pythiosis. J Cutan Pathol. 1993; 20: 267-71. 9. Mendoza L, Kaufman L, Standard PG. Immunodiffusion test for diagnosing and monitoring pythiosis in horses. J Clin Microbiol. 1986; 23:813-6. 10. Mendoza L, Nicholson V, Prescott JF
Georgi D. Bonchev, Snezha Z. Zlateva and Marieta I. Yovcheva
. Monte WC. Methanol: a chemical Trojan horse as the root of the inscrutable U. Med Hypotheses. 2010;74(3):493-6. 16. Kavet R, Nauss KM. The toxicity of inhaled methanol vapors. Crit Rev Toxicol. 1990;21( 1):21-50. 17. Andrews LS, Clary JJ, Terrill JB, Bolte HF. Subchronic inhalation toxicity of methanol. J Toxicol Environ Health. 1987;20:117-24. 18. Henzi H. Chronic methanol poisoning with the clinical and pathologic-anatomical features of multiple sclerosis. Med Hypotheses. 1984; 13(l):63-75. 19. Hageman
Montamas Suntravat and Issarang Nuchprayoon
:4892-99. 12. Di Scipio RG, Hermodson MA, Davie EW. Activation of human factor X (Stuart factor) by a protease from Russell’s viper venom. Biochemistry. 1977; 16:5253-60. 13. Rungsiwongse J, Ratanabanangkoon K. Development of an ELISA to assess the potency of horse therapeutic anti-venom against Thai cobra venom. J Immunol Methods. 1991; 136: 37-43. 14. LeammLi UK. Cleavage of structure proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4. Nature. 1970; 227: 680-5. 15. Suntravat M, Nuchprayoon I, Perez JC. Comparative
Ponlapat Rojnuckarin, Suchai Suteparak and Suda Sibunruang
effects of green pit viper bites. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2006; 100:879-84. 38. Chotenimitkhun R, RojnuckarinP. Systemic Antivenom and Skin Necrosis after Green Pit Viper Bites. Clin Toxicol. 2008; 46:122-5. 39. Gutiérrez JM, León G, Rojas G, Lomonte B, Rucavado A, Chaves F. Neutralization of local tissue damage induced by Bothrops asper (terciopelo) snake venom. Toxicon. 1998; 36:1529-38. 40. Thiansookon A, Rojnuckarin P. Low Incidence of Early Reactions to Horse-derived F(ab’)2 Antivenom for Snakebites in Thailand
Pwaveno Huladeino Bamaiyi and Nur Eliyana Mohd Redhuan
. C. erinacei Hedgehogs and horses Yes [ 31 ] 7. C. fayeri Marsupials Yes [ 32 ] 8. C. felis Cats Yes [ 33 ] 9. C. fragile Toads No [ 34 ] 10. C. galli Birds No [ 35 ] 11. C. hominis Humans Most common species in humans [ 36 ] 12. C. macropodum Marsupials No [ 37 ] 13. C. meleagridis Humans and birds Yes [ 4 , 38 ] 14. C. molnari Fish No [ 39 , 40 ] 15. C. muris Rodents Yes [ 41 ] 16. C. parvum Ruminants Yes [ 42