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Maureen Mulligan


This article offers a discussion of two books by British women which describe travels in Spain during the post-war period, that is, during the dictatorship of General Franco. The aim is to analyse how Spanish culture and society are represented in these texts, and to what extent the authors engage with questions of the ethics of travelling to Spain in this period. Two different forms of travel - by car, and by horse - also influence the way the travellers can connect with local people; and the individual’s interest in Spain as a historical site, or as a timeless escape from industrial northern Europe, similarly affect the focus of the accounts. The global politics of travel writing, and the distinction between colonial and cosmopolitan travel writers, are important elements in our understanding of the way a foreign culture is articulated for the home market. Women’s travel writing also has its own discursive history which we consider briefly. In conclusion, texts involve common discursive and linguistic strategies which have to negotiate the specificity of an individual’s travels in a particular time and place. The authors and books referred to are Rose Macaulay’s Fabled Shore: From the Pyrenees to Portugal (1949) and Penelope Chetwode’s Two Middle-Aged Ladies in Andalusia (1963).

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Natasha Sumner

Deyrnged yr Athro Gwyn Thomas . Llandybie: Cyhoeddiadau Barddas, 61-78. Jenkins, Dafydd. 1997. “The Horse in the Welsh Law Texts”, in Sioned Davies and Nerys Ann Jones (ed.) The Horse in Celtic Culture: Medieval Welsh Perspectives . Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 64-81. Jenkins, Dafydd (ed. and trans.) 1986. The Law of Hywel Dda. Llandysul: Gomer Press. Jenkins, Dafydd and Morfydd E. Owen (eds.). 1980. “Glossary,” in: The Welsh Laws of Women . Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 187-221. Jung, C. G. 1959. The Archetypes and the

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Eugene Mckendry

in England. Survey Report. British Council. Available at: (accessed 7 July 2017). Board, Kathryn and Teresa Tinsley. 2017. Language Trends Wales 2016/17 The state of language learning in secondary schools in Wales. British Council Wales/Cymru. Available at: (accessed 7 July 2017). British Council. 2014. Year of the Horse Education Pack. Available at: