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Fake News as a Tool of Populism in Turkey: The Pastor Andrew Brunson Case

:// Accessed on 23.02.2019. Ethical Journalism Network, (2017). The 5 Principles of Ethical Journalism. From EJN: Accessed on 14.11.2018. European Commission Report, (12 March, 2018). Final report of the High Level group on Fake News and Online Disinformation, From: Accessed on 30.11.2018. Farkas, J. and Schou, J. (2018), “Fake News as a Floating

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Pluralism and Conflict: The Debate about “Russian Values” and Politics of Identity

Introduction In this article, we assume that the concept of identity and that of system of values are correlative, if obviously not equivalent; indeed, one’s identity affects the things that one values, while any system of values motivates a particular sense of identity. Therefore, when speaking about pluralism or conflict of values, we shall by the same token imply the issue of identity. One of the theses of the article is that instead of there being two Russian identities (that of the intellectual elite and that of the masses) there are three identities in

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How to Respond to Conflicts Over Value Pluralism?

very differently. People of foreign origin are less proud of their host country and tend to identify more with their country of origin and people of their own ethnicity. Furthermore, education and living in metropolises enable people to look beyond the borders of their community, nation-state, and ethnicity, thus fostering an inclusive, civic stance toward national identity, whereas the people who have less education and live in a confined community tend to see only the negative impact of the ongoing globalization upon their national identity. This creates a

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Contemporary Religiosity and the Absence of Solidarity With Those in Need

the theoretical/doctrinal, the practical/cultic, and the sociological dimensions, the latter involving a system of social relations within religious groups, and also their relations to a broader society ( Wach 1944 ). Wach’s approach, although often considered as outdated – unjustly as Christian K. Wedemeyer points out – gave rise to further studies considering the typology and the multidimensionality of religion and religiosity ( Wedemeyer 2010 , xvii–xix). The dimensional theory helped sociologists, psychologists, and philosophers of religion, as well as

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The Arab College in Jerusalem 1918-1948: Influence of the Curriculum on the Cultural Awakening

schools in the cities was 9529 students ( Tibawi 1991 , 47). The program of the college developed into a higher stage called the High Level, when it started the system of Intermediate Examination at the end of 1941. Three different diplomas existed at the college, each representing a different scientific level ( Abbasi 1992 , 66). These diplomas were as follows: The Palestine Matriculation: the examination was conducted under the supervision of the Council of Higher Education and administered by the general director of British Department of Education. Palestinian

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Entrepreneurial Universities and Regional Development: Policy Origins, Progress, and the Future, with a Focus on Poland

Conceptual Framework for Understanding Knowledge-Based Economic Development’. Journal of Technology Transfer . Vol. 31, pp. 175-188. Callan, B. (2001). ‘Generating spin-offs: evidence from the OECD’. Science Technology Industry Review. Special issue on fostering high tech spin-offs: a public strategy for innovation , Vol. 26, pp. 13-56. Clark, B. (1998). Creating Entrepreneurial Universities: organizational pathways of transformation . New York: Pergamon Press. Davey, T. (2013). ‘The State of University-Business Cooperation in Poland’. Available at

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The Arabic Language: A Latin of Modernity?

everyday life with its own speech community. What is more, the majority of the Arab states are not interested in securing necessary outlays on education that would enable teaching all Arabs standard Arabic to such a level of literacy as achieved in the case of vernacular languages in Europe. Obviously, it takes less time, effort, and investment to ensure an appropriately high level of literacy in a vernacular language (be it French, English, or German) than in a nonvernacular language with no speech community to its proverbial “soul.” The Arab world’s situation of

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People as the Roots (of the State): Democratic Elements in the Politics of Traditional Vietnamese Confucianism

potentially egalitarian implications. In their modern form, however, the examination systems are implemented in many Confucian societies as gateways into higher education systems and bureaucracies. Second, the Confucian emphasis on education underlines the individual need or pursuit of knowledge. Although an educated populace is seldom noted as a formal requirement of democracy, in practice a society’s general level of education has been an important underpinning of democratic institutions. Without a high level of literacy, people cannot know about and therefore participate

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Not All the Past Needs To Be Used: Features of Fidesz’s Politics of Memory

11 Petsinis, Vassilis. 2015. “The ‘New’ Far Right in Hungary: A Political Psychologist’s Perspective.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies 23 (2): 272–87. Petsinis Vassilis 2015 “The ‘New’ Far Right in Hungary: A Political Psychologist’s Perspective.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies 23 2 272 87 Policy Solution. 2017. Political Discrimination in Hungary: Case Studies from the Hungarian Justice System, Local Government, Media, Agriculture, Education and Civil Sector . Brussels: Policy Solutions. Accessed October 20, 2017. http

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US–Kenya Economic Relations under Obama and Their Image in the Kenyan News Discourse

entered the “business as usual” mode and focused on trade and investment ( Maina 2005 , 67; Mabera 2016 , 371). However, the US still recognized the defining features of the Kenyan political–economic system: poor governance and low accountability of the government, high levels of corruption, the lack of progress on reforms, inadequate infrastructure, insecurity and the low level of human rights record. Both the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank suspended new programs after the 1997 elections ( Machar 2015 , 196). Similarly, when President Clinton visited

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