Sengupta P., Kaushik C. P., Dey G. K.: Immobilization of high level nuclear wastes. The indian scenario . In: On a sustainable future of the earth’s natural resources. (Szerk.: Ramkumar M.), Springer Earth System Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013. 25–51. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32917-3_2
 Ray D. E., Ray C. S.: A review of iron phosphate glasses and recommendations for vitrifying Hanford waste (No. INL/EXT-13-30839). Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, 2013. https://inldigitallibrary.inl.gov/sites/sti/sti/6013244.pdf
Łukasz Majchrzycki, Mariusz Walkowiak, Agnieszka Martyła, Mikhail Y. Yablokov, Marek Nowicki and Ryszard Czajka
, other mechanisms, like micro-cavities lithium storage or surface storage are taken into consideration [ 1 , 17 ]. The reason of excess of the capacity is still the matter of intensive studies and discussions. The understanding of the nature of lithium storage into rGO can contribute to improvement of the properties of this very promising candidate for a LIB’s high capacity anodes. However, to determine the mechanism of excess of the capacity a model system is required. So far, there are no experimental results of the electrochemical lithium storage in a nonreduced GO
Raz Muhammad, Muhammad Uzair, M. Javid Iqbal, M. Jawad Khan, Yaseen Iqbal and Carlos R. Rambo
dielectric losses from 100 kHz to 1 MHz were measured using a precision LCR meter (4284 A) with an applied AC voltage of 100 mV from room temperature up to 700 °C in air. Polarization-electric field (P-E) hysteresis loop measurements were made at room temperature in silicone oil using a Radiant Technology RT-66A standardized ferroelectric test system and Trek 609E-6 high voltage amplifier. These measurements were performed at a maximum applied voltage of 20 kV/cm. Impedance spectroscopy of the sample was carried out using an HP-4192A impedance analyzer (Agilent
Hyojeong Choi, Han Soo Kim, Joon-Ho Oh, Dong Jin Kim, Young Soo Kim, Jong-Seo Chai and Jang Ho Ha
CdTe is of considerable technological importance for use in semiconductor-based radiation detection applications, such as medical imaging and homeland security fields. The fabricated CdTe radiation detectors can be operated at room-temperature due to the favorable band gap (1.44 eV) and have been researched by various groups [ 1 – 7 ].
High resistivity is required for any semiconductor material to be used in realizing high-performance radiation detectors. Because high bias voltage is needed to improve the charge collection efficiency of
Molybdate and tungstate are inorganic compounds which have very interesting properties for applications such as luminescent materials, electro-optic materials, scintillators and catalysts [ 1 , 2 ]. PbMoO 4 and PbWO 4 are classified in these groups and have application in high-energy physics. They are characterized by high density, short decay time and high-irradiation damage [ 3 – 5 ]. Photonic emission of PbMoO 4 has only blue color but PbWO 4 has two types of colors: blue (2.8 eV to 2.9 eV) and green (2.3 eV to 2.5 eV) [ 6
Łukasz Gelczuk, Maria Dąbrowska-Szata, Beata Ściana, Damian Pucicki, Damian Radziewicz, Krzysztof Kopalko and Marek Tłaczała
The GaNAs epitaxial layers were grown on Si-doped (~10 18 cm −3 ) n-GaAs substrates using an atmospheric pressure metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy (APMOVPE) system, equipped with AIX200 R&D AIXTRON horizontal reactor. Trimethylgallium (TMGa), arsine (AsH 3 : 10 %mixture in H 2 ) and tertiarybutylhydrazine (TBHy) were used as grow precursors and they were transported by passing a high purity H 2 through the bubblers. The undoped heterostructures consisted of a 450 nm thick undoped GaAs buffer layer and of about 300 nm thick GaNAs epitaxial layer. The
Shams Ali Baig, Zimo Lou, Malik T. Hayat, Ruiqi Fu, Yu Liu and Xinhua Xu
Calcination process is considered to increase hardness of different composite materials and prevent their breakage [ 1 ]. Generally, high temperature selective environment-based calcination alters material textural and mineralogical characteristics, which for some composite materials improves surface properties and attracts their environmental applications [ 2 ]. However, Mahmood et al. [ 3 ] found reduction of pollutants removal in mixed oxides calcined at higher temperature. Numerous powdered materials have been utilized for toxic metals
The crystallography data of some important types of VO 2 polymorph.
T c [°C] T c : phase transition temperature; Cs: Crystal system; Sg: Space group.
Cs T c : phase transition temperature; Cs: Crystal system; Sg: Space group.
Sg T c : phase transition temperature; Cs: Crystal system; Sg: Space group.
VO 2 (B)
VO 2 (M)
P2 1 /c
VO 2 (R)
Zahoor Ahmad, M.A. Choudhary, M.A. Mirza and J.A. Mirza
electrical and luminescence peculiarities and magnitude of such type of properties can be enhanced using nanometallic components within the polymer matrix[ 4 ]. Among the conductive composite materials, silver is the most often used because of its high electrical conductivity and oxidation resistance. In this way, nano Ag is a potential material to increase electrical and lumines-cent properties of encasing polymers.
Among the conductive and luminescent polymers, PCz bears special significance due to the electron and hole transporting behavior that enables its
high temperature super-ionic phases [ 22 – 24 ]. These systems have high cationic mobilities, and hence, exhibit good fast-ion conductivity at higher temperatures [ 25 , 26 ]. Such kind of materials finds application in solid state batteries and fuel cells where they can be used as electrolyte materials or fast-ionic conductors. Proton conductors also find application for the development of new generation of energy storage and fuel cells. Lithium sulphate is an excellent lithium ion conductor in the high temperature α-phase but it is also a proton conductor in