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Significance of biological membranes for accurate computational dosimetry of low frequency electric fields

, and to attain this field in specific regions of the brain, the electric current should pass through different head layers via skin, fat, skull, meninges, and cortex (part of the brain). In order to model the brain, different layers should be considered, including gray and white matters. The meninges, three layers of protective tissue, cover the outer surface of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and comprise three connective tissue layers viz. (from the innermost to the outermost layer) the pia mater, arachnoid and the dura mater. The meninges also

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Impedance detection of the electrical resistivity of the wound tissue around deep brain stimulation electrodes permits registration of the encapsulation process in a rat model

Education and Research (BMBF, FKZ 01EZ0911). The custom-made stimulator system was developed in cooperation with the Steinbeis company (STZ1050, Rostock, Germany) and Dr. R. Arndt (Rückmann & Arndt, Berlin, Germany). References 1 Krack P, Hariz MI, Baunez C, Guridi J, Obeso JA. Deep brain stimulation: from neurology to psychiatry? Trends Neurosci. 2010;33:474-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2010.07.002 10.1016/j.tins.2010.07.002 20832128 Krack P Hariz MI Baunez C Guridi J Obeso JA Deep brain stimulation: from neurology to psychiatry

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Monitoring Change of Body Fluid during Physical Exercise using Bioimpedance Spectroscopy and Finite Element Simulations

magnetic field strength (h) are assigned to the edges. Hence, a system of equations, called Maxwell-Grid Equations, has to be solved for the whole calculation domain, where each cell is described by: (1) C e → = − ∂ b → ∂ t                                   C ˜ h → = − ∂ d → ∂ t + j → $$C\overrightarrow{e}=-\frac{\partial \overrightarrow{b}}{\partial t}\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \tilde{C}\overrightarrow{h}=-\frac{\partial \overrightarrow{d}}{\partial t}+\overrightarrow{j}$$ (2) S ˜ d → = q                 S b → = 0 $$\tilde

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Mechanistic multilayer model for non-invasive bioimpedance of intact skin

electrodes are near-to constant because of the high resistance to current of the stratum corneum in the considered frequency range [ 3 ]. This allows us to rewrite the boundary conditions, Eqs. 5 - 7 , between the probe and the uppermost skin layer n , stratum corneum, as (we drop the subindex ` eff ’ for notational convenience in the analysis) − σ n ∂ Φ ( r , H n ) ∂ z = ∑ j = 1 m I j A j [ U ( R 2 j − 1 − r ) − U ( R 2 j − 2 − r ) ] , $$\begin{array}{} \displaystyle -\sigma_{n}\frac{\partial\Phi(r,\mathcal{H}_{n})}{\partial z}=\sum_{j=1}^{m

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