Natalia Mazur-Panasiuk, Jacek Żmudzki and Grzegorz Woźniakowski
African swine fever (ASF) is an infectious disease causing high mortality of pigs, and is notifiable to the World Organisation of Animal Health (OIE). The aetiological agent, African swine fever virus (ASFV), is classified as the sole member of the .Asfarviridae family and is among the large (200 nm), complex, enveloped double-stranded DNA viruses ( 11 ). ASFV affects domestic and wild members of the Suidae family, leading to a wide range of symptoms from chronic or persistent infection to acute haemorrhagic fever, and inflicts up to 100
Epy Muhammad Luqman, I Ketut Sudiana, Win Darmanto, Agung Budianto Achmad and Widjiati
was found in the higher-dose group. This finding indicated that the increase in neuron death caused by the toxicant was proportional to CF dosage exposure.
The role of the brain’s defence system against antioxidant after chronic CF exposure is vital. The brain is very vulnerable to oxidative stress due to its high oxygen and polyunsaturated fat need, low antioxidant capacity, high volume reactive radical production, and large transitional metal content (such as iron) catalysing that reactive radical production ( 27 ). When tissue is threatened by oxidative stress
Joanna Pajdak-Czaus, Elżbieta Terech-Majewska, Dagmara Będzłowicz, Martyn Mączyński, Wioletta Krystkiewicz, Sebastian Łabuć, Aleksandra Platt-Samoraj and Wojciech Szweda
soft-shelled turtle, Lissemys punctata punctata . Folia Biol (Krakow) 1997, 45, 109–112.
21. Stamper D.L., Denver R.J., Licht P.: Effects of thyroidal status on metabolism and growth of juvenile turtles, Pseudemys scripta elegans . Comp Physiol 1990, 96A, 67–73.
22. Wail P.A.: The diversity of the endocrine system. In: R.K. Murray, D.K. Granner, V.W. Rodwell (eds): Harper’s Illustrated biochemistry , McGraw-Hill Education, LANGE, New York City, USA, 2015, pp. 507–511.
23. Wilkinson R., Hernandez-Divers S., Lafortune M., Calvert I., Gumperberger M
safety: From feed to food, Brufau J. (ed.). Zaragoza: CIHEAM Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes., 54: 45-53.
Canibe N., Pedersen A.Ř, Jensen B.B., Jespersen L. (2010). Microbiological and biochemical characterization of fermented liquid feed samples from 40 Danish farms. Liv. Sci., 134: 158-161.
Coelho M.A.Z., Amaral P.F.F., B e l o I. (2010). Yarrowia lipolytica: an industrial workhorse. In: Current Research, Technology and Education Topics in Applied Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnolog, A. Mendez-Vilas (ed.), pp. 644
Anna Madejska, Mirosław Michalski, Marzena Pawul-Gruba and Jacek Osek
, 31 ).
Cheeses are one of the most common products responsible for histamine poisoning in humans ( 11 , 23 ). This intoxication manifests itself in headaches, hypotension, vomiting, diarrhoea, cramping, skin rashes and swellings ( 3 ). Histamine is degraded in the body by oxidative deamination catalysed by monoamine and diamine oxidases ( 21 , 26 ). However, after ingestion of food with high concentrations of histamine, in the absence or scarcity of these enzymes ( e . g . due to genetic factors, allergy, or ingested alcohol) the detoxification system is unable
Youbao Zhong, Xianlai Zhang, Xiaofen Hu and Yong Li
Immune challenge is regarded as a major obstacle to achieving the animal’s genetic potential for growth or to efficiency of weight gain ( 21 ). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an important component of Gram-negative bacterium cytoderm ( 18 ), can be used as a stressor to activate the immune system ( 4 ). The acyl is inlaid into the outer membrane of bacteria, and the sugar chains are exposed to the outer surface of bacteria ( 9 ). Thus, LPS has strong antigen-specificity and can be recognised by antigen-presenting cells. LPS can induce inflammation and
Tomasz Śniegocki, Marta Giergiel, Bartosz Sell and Andrzej Posyniak
due to safety not being possible to claim for any residue levels ( 4 – 6 ). However, the data from the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) database for the years 2002 to 2017 showed 854 notification events reported for nitrofurans, indicating that contamination in various matrices is still present ( 12 ). The notifications referred to a wide range of products such as honey, feed and feed water, fish and aquaculture products, and meat and meat products ( 12 ).
Many methods have been created for analysis of nitrofuran metabolites in biological matrices ( 8
Tawirat Konkruea, Skorn Koonawootrittriron, Mauricio A. Elzo and Thanathip Suwanasopee
.G., Johnson D.D., Scheffler T.L., Scheffler J.M., Carr C., Rae D.O., Wasdin J.G., Driver M.D., Driver J.D. (2017). Genomic-polygenic and polygenic predictions for nine ultrasound and carcass traits in Angus-Brahman multibreed cattle using three sets of genotypes. Livest. Sci., 202: 58–66.
Erbe M., Hayes B.J., Matukumalli L.K., Goswami S., Bowman P.J., Reich C.M., Mason B.A., Goddard M.E. (2012). Improving accuracy of genomic predictions within and between dairy cattle breeds with imputed high-density single nucleotide polymorphism panels. J. Dairy Sci., 95: 4114