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Post-industrial university towns and the triple helix concept: case studies of Bristol, Sheffield, Novosibirsk and Tomsk

boundaries of those universities’ activities are therefore widening in post-industrial cities. It is this process that we are observing in Europe, and particularly in the United Kingdom. The process demonstrates that the higher education system in the UK has been – and remains – a factor in the successful socio-economic development and stability of the country’s political system ( Chertovskikh, 2013 ). 2 Literature review and theoretical framework The ideas of the Knowledge Society date back to the 1960s, when they appeared in works by Machlup (1962) , Bell (1973

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Determinants of voter turnout in Nsukka Council of Enugu State, South Eastern Nigeria

al., 2014 ). The most consistent result from these sets of indicators is the significant relationship between political trust and participation in electoral politics ( Carreras and Castañeda-Angarita, 2014 ; Nwankwo and Okafor, 2017 ). The socio-economic model (SEM) of voter turnout indicates that socio-economic status (SES) can determine individual participation in political activities. The SEM suggests that people with a high level of SES, such as education, occupation and income, are more likely to adopt psychological orientations that motivate them to turn out

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Using GIS methods to analyse the spatial distribution and public accessibility of pharmacies in Craiova city, Romania

over their lifetime ( Ministry of Health, 2014 ; IHME, 2016 ). Therefore, Romania is listed among the countries with the highest burden due to disease in the ECE. Over 40% of the general burden of disability in 2015 (measured in DALY) can be attributed to behavioural risk factors, including smoking and alcohol consumption, food risk and poor physical activity ( IHME 2016 ). Studies proved that high values of DALY can cause financial losses that influence the level of economic development in a country. Despite the fact that 78% of the healthcare expenditures are

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Adaptive Development of a Regional Spatial Data Infrastructure Facing Local Prospects and Socio-Technological Trends

intermediate high Variety of services low low intermediate intermediate intermediate to high Significance to NSDI development none low intermediate intermediate low Regional significance none none low low intermediate to high Reception by users none low low intermediate intermediate 4 Discussion Mapping systems have evolved as a co-evolutionary narrative between map producers and users as part of the overall techno-social advancement of cartography ( Burnett and Kalliola 2000 ). Spatial data

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Regional diversification of cultural sector potential in Poland

convey content, symbols or to, in broad terms, influence lifestyle and shape attitudes. Cultural products include books, CDs, magazines, videos, films and craftsmanship products. The promotion of culture, on the other hand, is a task for cultural services such as libraries, museums or audiovisual services such as film or television distribution. The product of traditional cultural industries can be reproduced, is repeatable and can be disseminated (recorded system). This in turn fosters media convergence, i.e. situations in which the same product can be distributed

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The determinants of travel mode choice: the case of Łódź, Poland

its infrastructural development, Łódź suffers from a high level of congestion. According to data published by the Polish Statistical Office (n.d.), in 2016 there were 525 passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitants in Łódź. This number has been systematically increasing. In 2009 there were 389 cars per 1,000 citizens, which means that over seven years this ratio increased by 35%. Taking into account the fact that Poland has the highest share of cars of more than 20 years old (33.7%) among EU member countries ( Eurostat, 2018 ), the overall assessment of congestion and

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Forest stand biomass of Picea spp.: an additive model that may be related to climate and civilisational changes

. schrenkiana F. et M.) and Jezo spruce (P. jezoensis [Siebold and Zucc.] Carrière) are the most widely distributed in Eurasia. The common spruce area is fragmented and set before with three local areas – Alpine, Carpathian and Baltic – that independently developed in the postglacial time ( Il’inskiy, 1937 ). The distribution of common spruce to the south of Western Europe and almost to the Arctic Ocean shows that its climate adaptation has a wide range. It is frost-resistant but sensitive to high temperatures and air aridity. Its lateral root system conditions signify a soil

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Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series
The Journal of Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun
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