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( Tibawi 1991 , 47). The program of the college developed into a higher stage called the High Level, when it started the system of Intermediate Examination at the end of 1941. Three different diplomas existed at the college, each representing a different scientific level ( Abbasi 1992 , 66). These diplomas were as follows: The Palestine Matriculation: the examination was conducted under the supervision of the Council of Higher Education and administered by the general director of British Department of Education. Palestinian Education Diploma: the students were streamed

for Understanding Knowledge-Based Economic Development’. Journal of Technology Transfer . Vol. 31, pp. 175-188. Callan, B. (2001). ‘Generating spin-offs: evidence from the OECD’. Science Technology Industry Review. Special issue on fostering high tech spin-offs: a public strategy for innovation , Vol. 26, pp. 13-56. Clark, B. (1998). Creating Entrepreneurial Universities: organizational pathways of transformation . New York: Pergamon Press. Davey, T. (2013). ‘The State of University-Business Cooperation in Poland’. Available at < http

states are not interested in securing necessary outlays on education that would enable teaching all Arabs standard Arabic to such a level of literacy as achieved in the case of vernacular languages in Europe. Obviously, it takes less time, effort, and investment to ensure an appropriately high level of literacy in a vernacular language (be it French, English, or German) than in a nonvernacular language with no speech community to its proverbial “soul.” The Arab world’s situation of diglossia appears to be the closest to that which persisted in Western Europe prior to

implications. In their modern form, however, the examination systems are implemented in many Confucian societies as gateways into higher education systems and bureaucracies. Second, the Confucian emphasis on education underlines the individual need or pursuit of knowledge. Although an educated populace is seldom noted as a formal requirement of democracy, in practice a society’s general level of education has been an important underpinning of democratic institutions. Without a high level of literacy, people cannot know about and therefore participate in democratic debates

://www.hurriyet.com.tr/yazarlar/sedat-ergin/brunson-iddianamesi-davanin-ana-sanigi-brunson-mu-yoksa-abd-istihbarati-mi-40925107 Accessed on 23.02.2019. Ethical Journalism Network, (2017). The 5 Principles of Ethical Journalism. From EJN: https://ethicaljournalismnetwork.org/who-we-are/5-principles-of-journalism Accessed on 14.11.2018. European Commission Report, (12 March, 2018). Final report of the High Level group on Fake News and Online Disinformation, From: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/final-report-high-level-expert-group-fake-news-and-online-disinformation Accessed on 30.11.2018. Farkas, J. and Schou, J. (2018), “Fake News as a Floating Signifier: Hegemony

Psychologist’s Perspective.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies 23 2 272 87 Policy Solution. 2017. Political Discrimination in Hungary: Case Studies from the Hungarian Justice System, Local Government, Media, Agriculture, Education and Civil Sector . Brussels: Policy Solutions. Accessed October 20, 2017. http://www.policysolutions.hu/userfiles/elemzes/265/political_discrimination_in_hungary.pdf . Policy Solution 2017 Political Discrimination in Hungary: Case Studies from the Hungarian Justice System, Local Government, Media, Agriculture, Education and Civil Sector

Introduction In this article, we assume that the concept of identity and that of system of values are correlative, if obviously not equivalent; indeed, one’s identity affects the things that one values, while any system of values motivates a particular sense of identity. Therefore, when speaking about pluralism or conflict of values, we shall by the same token imply the issue of identity. One of the theses of the article is that instead of there being two Russian identities (that of the intellectual elite and that of the masses) there are three identities in

; Mabera 2016 , 371). However, the US still recognized the defining features of the Kenyan political–economic system: poor governance and low accountability of the government, high levels of corruption, the lack of progress on reforms, inadequate infrastructure, insecurity and the low level of human rights record. Both the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank suspended new programs after the 1997 elections ( Machar 2015 , 196). Similarly, when President Clinton visited Africa in 1998 to meet with “a new generation of African leaders” ( Waters 2009 , lxviii

Orbán portrayed Muslims as a burden for their host countries’ welfare systems ( Kokot 2015 ). In line with these theoretical arguments, we assume that collective deprivation matters for the support of a Muslim ban. H9: Individuals who perceive their in-groups as collectively deprived vis-à-vis out-groups are more likely to support a Muslim ban . At this point, we want to recall that we assume invariant causal effects of the outlined social–psychological drivers of Islamophobia among citizens in Europe. To put it bluntly, the causes of citizens’ susceptibility for

well as my surveys on the state of knowledge and opinions of the Slovak population on the wartime Slovak State and the Holocaust, ironically confirm that both possibilities may be correct. This part of our past is perceived very ambiguously, and not just by the youngest generations of Slovakia. It also reflects family interpretations of this history, the recollections of the times when grandparents or grand-grandparents were doing well… However, this situation is the result of an entire set of causes and processes, with education being just one part of it. Detailed