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F. Usai, R. Rinnovati, V. Trocchi and L. Stancampiano

., Randi, E., Riga, F., Trocchi, V. (2008): Lepus corsicanus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. 〈〉 [4] Becklund, W. W., Walker, M. L. (1971): Nomenclature and morphology of Ostertagia trifurcata Ransom, 1907, with data on spicule lengths of five stomach worms of ruminants. J. Parasitol., 57: 508–516 [5] Bordes, F., Langand, J., Feliu, C., Morand S. (2007): Helminth Communities of an Introduced Hare (Lepus granatensis) and a Native

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M. Lefkaditis, A. Paştiu, A. Rodi-Buriel, A. Sossidou, A. Panorias, T. Eleftheriadis, V. Cozma and A. Mihalca

[1] Abu-Madi, M. A., Pal, P., Al-Thani, A., Lewis, J. W. (2008): Descriptive epidemiology of intestinal helminth parasites from stray cat populations in Qatar. J. Helminthol., 82: 59–68. DOI: 10.1017/S0022149X07870830 [2] Abu-Madi, M. A., Behnke, J. M., Prabhaker, K. S., Alibrahim, R., Lewis, J. W. (2010): Intestinal helminthes of feral cat populations from urban and sub — urban districts of Qatar. Vet Parasitol., 168: 284–292. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2009.11.027 http

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Y. Matoba, D. Yamada, M. Asano, Y. Oku, K. Kitaura, K. Yagi, F. Tenora and M. Asakawa

[1] Abuladze, K. I. (1964): Taeniata of Animals and Man and Caused by Them. Izdatel’stvo“Nauka”, Moscow (in Russian) [2] Asakawa, M., Kurachi, T., Wildlife ecological society (1999): Parasitic helminths of raccoons in Hokkaido, Japan. Jpn. J. Zoo. Wildl. Med., 4: 101–103 (in Japanese with English summary) [3] Asakawa, M., Matoba, Y., Yamada, D., Kamiya, T. (2000): Review of the parasitological state of feral raccoons captured in Nopporo National Park and its proximity, Hokkaido. J

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M. Magi, L. Guardone, W. Mignone, M. C. Prati and F. Macchioni

increase in the distribution and density of the red fox over the last two decades ( Romig et al ., 1999 ; Eckert et al ., 2000; Vervaeke et al ., 2005 ; Veronesi et al ., 2014 ) Different habitats and diet composition strongly influence the helminth fauna of this wild carnivore ( Barbosa et al ., 2005 ; Eira et al ., 2006 ; Hegglin et al ., 2007) . The red fox is the definitive host of a wide variety of intestinal helminths of both veterinary and public health concern. The zoonotic species include Echinococcusmultilocularis , the etiological agent of

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Umma A. Ibrahim, Sagir G. Ahmed, Modu B. Kagu and Usman A. Abjah

developed countries. Anemia 2011; doi: 10.1155/2011/260380. 7 Osazuwa F, Ayo OM, Imade P. A significant association between intestinal helminth infection and anaemia burden in children in rural communities of Edo state, Nigeria. North Am J Med Sci 2011; 3: 30-4. doi: 10.4297/najms.2011.330. 8 Ahmed SG, Ibrahim UA, Ekemu ED. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in anaemic and non-anaemic Nigerian patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Niger J Parasitol 2004; 25: 15-20. doi: 10.4314/njpar.v25i1.37703. 9 Ahmed SG

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J. A. Panti-May, E. Palomo-Arjona, Y. Gurubel-González, M. A. Torres-Castro, V. M. Vidal-Martínez, C. Machain-Williams, S. F. Hernández-Betancourt and M. Del Rosario Robles

.S., F elzemburgh , R.D.M., S antos , N., R eis , R.B., S antos , A.C., F raga , D.B.M., A raujo , W.N., S antana , C., C hilds , J.E., et al . (2014): Influence of household rat infestation on Leptospira transmission in the urban slum environment. PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis. , 8: e3338. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003338 de L eon , D.D. (1964): Helminth parasites of rats in San Juan, Puerto Rico. J. Parasitol. , 50: 478. DOI: 10.2307/3275862 de M asi , E., V ilaça , P., R azzolini , M.T.P. (2009): Environmental conditions and rodent infestation in Campo

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I. Rząd, J. Sitko, R. Sałamatin and D. Wysocki

prevalence and parasitaemia of haemosporidia from European blackbird (Turdus merula) populations: value of PCR-RFLP and quantitative PCR. Parasitology, 133: 685–692. DOI: 10.1017/S0031182006001090 [4] Bogdarenko, F. L., Galina, Z. A. (1978): [Fauna of trematodes of the thrush family (Turdidae) in Tadzhikistan]. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Tadzhikskoi SSR. Otdelenie Biologicheskikh Nauk, (3): 15–21. (In Russian) [5] Bush, A. O. (1990): Helminth communities in avian hosts

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P. Oyarzún-Ruiz, P. Muñoz-Alvarado and E. Raffo

Introduction Wild avifauna parasitism is ubiquitous, and the affected individuals suffer of multiple parasitic infections during their lives. However the study of the parasites that affect wildlife is generally scarce. One important fact is that the parasites presence always involves some sort of cost to the host ( Wobeser, 2008 ). Most of the endoparasites of the birds of prey have complex life cycles, with one or more intermediate hosts. The majority of the helminths use the bird’s food as a pathway to infect them ( Krone & Cooper, 2002 ). When the

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N. Kumari Gautam, P. Kumar Misra and A. Murari Saxena

References A min , O.M., H eckemann , R.A., V an , H a , N., L uc , P.V., D oanh , P.N. (2000); Revision of the genus Pallisentis (Acanthocephala: Quadrigyridae) with the erection of three New sub-genera, the description of Pallisentis (Bervitritospinus) vietnamensis subgen. et sp. n., a key to the species of Pallisentis , and the description of a new Quadrigyrid genus, Pararaosentis gen. n. Comp. Parasitol ., 67(1): 40 – 50 B halerao , G.D. (1937): Studies on the Helminths of Indian Trematoda, IV. J. Helminthol., 15 (2): 97 – 124. DOI: 10

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C. Milazzo, A. Ribas, J. Casanova, M. Cagnin, F. Geraci and C. Bella

] Feliu, C., Torres, J., Gallego, J., Gosálbez, J., Ventura, J. (1985b): Primeros datos acerca de la helminthofauna de los Roedores del Delta del Ebro (Península Ibérica). Misc. Zool., 9: 55–64 [7] Gomez-Villafañe, I. E., Robles, M. R., Busch, M. (2008): Helminth communities and host-parasite relationships in argentine brown rat (Rattus norvegicus). Helminthologia, 45: 126–129. DOI: 10.2478/s11687-008-0024-1 [8] Macchioni, G. (1967): Indagine sulla elmintofauna dei muridi in