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J. Bystrianska, I. Papajová, J. Šoltys and N. Sasáková

molecular aspects. Clin. Micro-biol. Rev. , 6 (2), 265—272. 4. Fisher, M., 2003: Toxocara cati : an underestimated zoonotic agent. Trends Parasitol. , 19 (4), 167—170. 5. Kazacos, K. R., 1983: Improved method for recovering ascarid and other helminth eggs from soil associated with epizootics and during survey studies. Am. J. Vet. Res. , 44 (5), 896—900. 6. Kinčeková, J., Reiterová, K., Dubinský, P., 1998: Relapse of the manifest course of larval toxocarosis in childhood. Helminthologia , 35 (1), 21—26. 7. Kinčeková, J., Reiterová, K., Juhás

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Jacek Karamon, Małgorzata Samorek-Pieróg, Bożena Moskwa, Mirosław Różycki, Ewa Bilska-Zając, Jolanta Zdybel and Magdalena Włodarczyk

helminth parasites of the small intestine in red foxes from central Poland. Med Weter 2009, 65, 33–35. 7. Bruzinskaite-Schmidhalter R., Sarkunas M., Malakauskas A., Mathis A., Torgerson P.R., Deplazes P.: Helminths of red foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) and raccoon dogs ( Nyctereutes procyonoides ) in Lithuania. Parasitology 2012, 139, 120–127. 8. Davidson R.K., Gjerde B., Vikoren T., Lillehaug A., Handeland K.: Prevalence of Trichinella larvae and extra-intestinal nematodes in Norwegian red foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ). Vet Parasitol 2006, 136, 307–316. 9. Eckert

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Jacek Karamon, Maciej Kochanowski, Tomasz Cencek, Magdalena Bartoszewicz and Paweł Kusyk

nordamerikanischen Herkunft. Verhandlungsbericht des 37. International Symposiums uber die Erkrankungen der Zoo- und Wildtiere, Dresden, 1995, pp. 429-434. 15. Matoba Y., Yamada D., Asano M., Oku Y., Kitaura K., Yagi K., Tenora F., Asakawa M.: Parasitic helminths from feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Japan. Helminthologia 2006, 43, 139-146. 16. Murray W.J.: Human infections caused by raccoon roundworm, Baylisascaris procyonis. Clin Microbiol Newsletter 2002, 24, 1-7. 17. OIE (Office International des Epizooties) Manual of Diagnostic

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Paulina Kobak and Bogumiła Pilarczyk

., Mao X.: Blood eicosanoids and immune indices during fascioliasis in water buffaloes. Vet Parasitol 2000, 49 , 273-278. 5. Condoleo R.U., Veneziano V., Bruni G., Santaniello M., Carbone S., Pennacchio, Rinaldi L., Cringoli C.: Distribution of helminthes in buffalo farms from central Italy. Ital J Anim Sci 2007, 6 , 920-922. 6. Cringoli G., Musella V., Maurelli M.P., Morgoglione M.E., Santaniello A., Condoleo R., Guariglia I., Rinaldi L.: Helminths and arthropoda in buffalo farms from the Lazio region (Italy). Vet Res Commun 2009, 33

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Aleksander W. Demiaszkiewicz, Jacek Lachowicz, Izabela Kuligowska, Anna M. Pyziel, Grzegorz Bełżecki, Renata Miltko, Barbara Kowalik, Wojciech Gogola and Zygmunt Giżejewski

helminthiases in Cervidae. II. The helminth fauna in Cervidae in Poland. Acta Parasitol Pol 1966, 14, 1-13. 5. Drózdż J., Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Lachowicz J.: The helminth fauna of free ranging European bison, Bison bonasus (L.). Acta Parasitol Pol 1989, 34, 117-124. 6. Drózdż J., Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Lachowicz J.: The helminth fauna of roe deer Capreolus capreolus (L.) in a hunting area inhabited by red deer, elk and European bison (Borecka Forest, Poland) over the yearly cycle. Acta Parasitol 1992, 37, 83-88. 7. Drózdż J

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M. Bruce-Miller and M. Goldová

REFERENCES 1. Ballweber, L. R., 2001: Veterinary Parasitology . Butter-worth-Heinemann. Woburn, 324 pp. 2. D-maps. http://www.d-maps.com/m/africa/zambie/zambie59.gif . Updated 12/3/2016. Accessed 12/3/2016. 3. Fang, F., Li, J., Huang, T., Guilot, J., Huang, W., 2015: Zoonotic helminths parasites in the digestive tract of feral dogs and cats in Guangxi, China. BMC Veterinary Research , 11, 211, 1—5. 4. Islam, A. W. M. S., Chizyuka, H. G. B., 1983: Prevalence of helminth parasites of dogs in Lusaka, Zambia. Tropical Animal Health

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Bekir Oguz, Nalan Ozdal, Ozlem Orunc Kilinc and M. Serdar Deger

Abstract

Introduction: Echinococcus granulosus is a zoonotic helminth of the Taeniidae family living in the small intestines of dogs. The hydatid cyst, which is the larval form of this parasite, is observed in sheep, goat, cattle, and many other organisms including humans. It causes a disease called cystic echinococcosis. Identification of strains of E. granulosus in dogs is critical in parasite control and eradication where possible. This study aims to determine the genotype of E. granulosus eggs and prevalence of this parasite in the faeces of dogs in the Van Province using the copro-PCR method.

Material and Methods: This study was conducted between 2015 and 2016 on the faeces obtained from 100 stray dogs from different parts of the Van Province. The coprological examination was conducted using the formalin-ether concentration method.

Results: Taeniidae eggs were found in 10 (10%) out of 100 faecal samples. E. granulosus was detected in 4 out of 10 of these (40%) infected samples. Sequence analysis of positive amplicons obtained from PCR showed that there were sheep strains (G1).

Conclusion: Dogs in Van area are primarily infected with the livestock genotype of E. granulosus, which is thought to be a potential zoonotic threat to humans.

Open access

Tamara Ilić, Zsolt Becskei, Aleksandar Tasić, Predrag Stepanović, Katarina Radisavljević, Boban Đurić and Sanda Dimitrijević

References 1. Al-Sabi S.N.M., Halasl T., Kapel O.M.: Infections with cardiopulmonary and intestinal helminths and sarcoptic mange in red foxes from two different localities in Denmark. Acta Parasitol 2014, 59, 98–107. 2. Borecka A., Gawor J., Malczewska M. Malczewski A.: Prevalence of zoonotic helminth parasites of the small intestine in red foxes from central Poland. Med Weter 2009, 65, 33–35. 3. Conboy G.A.: Helminth parasites of the canine and feline respiratory tract. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2009, 39, 1109–1126. 4. Creplin F

Open access

Agnieszka Tylkowska, Bogumiła Pilarczyk, Renata Pilarczyk, Michał Zyśko and Agnieszka Tomza-Marciniak

References 1. Al-Sabi M.N.S., Halasa T., Kape C.M.O.: Infections with cardiopulmonary and intestinal helminths and sarcoptic mange in red foxes from two different localities in Denmark. Acta Parasitol 2014, 59, 98–107. 2. Deplazes P., Eckert J.: Diagnosis of the Echinococcus multilocularis infection in final hosts. Appl Parasitol 1996, 37, 245–252. 3. Bružinskaite-Schmidhalter R., Sarkunas M., Malakauskas A., Mathis A., Torgerson P.R., Deplazes P.: Helminths of red foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) and raccoon dogs ( Nyctereutes procyonoides ) in

Open access

T. Orosová, M. Goldová, J. Ciberej and G. Štrkolcová

REFERENCES 1. Catalano, S., Lejeune, M., Tizzani, P., et al., 2015: Helminths of grizzly bears ( Ursus arctos ) and American black bears ( Ursus americanus ) in Alberta and British Columbia, Canada. Can. J. Zool. , 93, 10, 765–772. 2. Finnegan, S., 2009: Seasonal Dynamics in the Prevalence of Baylisascaris transfuga ova in the faeces of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) in Slovakia . Diploma thesis, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice (ÚVIK UVL), 55 pp. 3. Frechette, J. L., Rau, M. E., 1978: Seasonal changes in the