Howaida A. Nounou, Safia M. Ali, Manal A. Shalaby and Rawan G. Asala
, Alwakeel SS. Mineral and microbial contents of bottled and tap water in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Middle-East. J Scien Res. 2007; 2:151-6.
9. Abu-Zeid HA, Aziz MA, Abolfotouh M, Moneim MA. Bacteriologic potability of the drinking water in a diarrhoea area in southwestern Saudi Arabia. J Egypt Pub Health Assoc. 1995; 70:279-91.
10. Al-Ghamdi MA, Bentham G, Hunter PR. Environmental risk factors for diarrhea among male school children in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia. J Water Health. 2009; 7: 380-91.
11. Fewtrell L, Bartram J. Water
Osot Nerapusee, Chanadda Chinthammit, Chavalit Romyen, Maneeporn Pangjunhom, Daniel C. Malone and Rungpetch Sakulbumrungsil
estimating the log hazard ratios, instead of odd ratios when calculating pair-wise comparisons. Like typical survival analysis, it should be noted that this current analysis relies heavily on the proportional competing risk assumption and constant hazard ratios in each arm [ 20 , 22 , 46 ].
Nevertheless, limitations in our analysis are noted. We only considered LAIs that are available in Thailand. Therefore applying our findings in other settings with different comparative medications might show different outcomes. Our searching strategy was limited to English
Pwaveno Huladeino Bamaiyi and Nur Eliyana Mohd Redhuan
. The most commonly isolated Cryptosporidium sp. was C. hominis . Although the number of cases reported in Germany is lower than in England, it was a 1.6 fold increased since 2007 [ 90 ].
The suggested reasons for this increase include climatic changes, such as heavy rainfall, contaminated drinking water, and better reporting. Nevertheless, there was no direct evidence of secondary transmission from parents to children. Moreover, specific causes of Cryptosporidium spp. infection were not identified, despite case interviews.
The prevalence of Cryptosporidia in