., HORAK O. 2002. Long-term application of biowaste compost versus mineral fertilization: Effect on the nutrient and heavy metal contents of soil and plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 165: 161-165.
BORGHI M., TOGNETTI R., MONTEFORTI G., SEBASTIANI L. 2008. Response of two poplar species ( Populus alba and Populus x canadensis ) to high copper concentrations. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 62: 290-299.
CABAŁA J., KRUPA P., MISZ-KENNAN M. 2009. Heavy metals in mycorrhizal rhizospheres contaminated by Zn-Pb mining and smelting
Beata Kuziemska, Andrzej Wysokiński, Dawid Jaremko, Krzysztof Pakuła, Maria Popek and Monika Kożuchowska
Mushrooms from natural sites are products rich in mineral substances, including valuable macro- and microelements. However, many researchers [ Bielawski and Falandysz 2008 , Chojnacka and Falandysz 2007 , Soylaket et al. 2005 , Gastet et al. 1988 , Falandysz et al. 2002 , Falandysz et al. 2006 ] pay attention to the fact that specific fungi species are able to take numerous metallic elements from soil and accumulate them in their fruiting bodies in concentrations considerably exceeding their amounts in soil. Pająk  confirmed high
Jadwiga Sienkiewicz, Grażyna Porębska, Apolonia Ostrowska and Dariusz Gozdowski
wetlands [Joosten, Clarke 2002; Kalbitz, Geyer 2002; Bellamy et al. 2005 ; Smith et al. 2007 ; Kruger et al. 2015; Lane et al. 2016 ]. The loss of water from peat and temperature rise are thought to be the most important drivers of SOM mineralisation in peat soil decay, entailing increased CO 2 and N 2 O emission as well as mineral element leaching to groundwater.
The processes of greenhouse gases exchange at the interface between wetland ecosystems and the atmosphere are, however, much more complicated and also involve CO 2 uptake by plants. The CO 2 uptake in
Jan Gąska, Maciej Pyrka, Robert Jeszke, Wojciech Rabiega and Monika Sekuła
characterised by fully free allocation of allowances to industry sectors. This process was administered by the individual Member States. Concerns, however, still prevail particularly among the Central and Eastern European countries, which remain more energy and carbon emission intensive and heavily trade exposed. This is especially important due to the lack of far-reaching structural reforms in this area and considering the growing level of ambition and changes in the EU ETS. Such concerns and growing carbon costs that impact carbon leakage and competitiveness might act as
Jolanta Bąk-Badowska, Ilona Żeber-Dzikowska, Barbara Gworek, Wanda Kacprzyk and Jarosław Chmielewski
nest. Most probably, the tracker bees had visited the locality selected for the new nest. In turn, in Melipononi, there is a strong bond between the home nest and the offspring nest, and the formation of a new family is gradual. The new queen of stingless bees migrates to a new nest, already organised by the workers. In Apis mellifera , it is the old queen that migrates, whereas in Meliponini the new queen moves to the new nest, the old queen being incapable of flight having a heavy abdomen and frayed wings. The development stages of stingless bees include: a larva
. Toxic effects of dissolved heavy metals on Desulfovibrio vulgaris and Desulfovibrio sp. strains. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 135: 40-46.
CASTRO H.F., WILLIAMS N.H., OGRAM A. 2000. Phylogeny of sulfate-reducing bacteria. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 31: 1-9.
COLLINS M.D., RODRIGUEZ U., ASH C., AGUIRRE M., FARROW J.A.E., MARTINEZ-MURCIAA., PHILLIPS B.A., WILLIAMS A.M., WALLBANKS S. 1991. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Lactobacillus and related lactic acid bacteria as determined by reverse transcriptase sequencing of 16S rRNA. FEMS
Wetlands around the upper part of the Ina valley are the area of great natural value, free from negative industrial impact. In the possible sources of contamination, we could include herbicides and artificial fertilisers from fields and meadows or municipal waste discharge from a small town Recz and local farms. The soils of wetlands, situated in the left part of the Ina valley near Sławęcin, were studied. Four characteristic profiles were made, from which soil samples were collected for laboratory analysis. In the soil samples, the content of organic matter and reaction in 1 mol KCl·dm-3 were determined, whereas in mineral horizons, granulometric composition and the concentration of total and exchangeable forms of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cu, Co, Zn, Fe). As a result of conducted studies, it was found that the soils of wetlands in the Ina valley near Sławęcin, do not exhibit contamination with heavy metals but their greater accumulation was observed in the surface muck layers than in fen peat and lower lying sediments.
Ľuboš Harangozo, Mária Timoracká, Július Árvay, Alena Vollmannová and Pavol Trebichalský
MELICHÁČOVÁ S. 2007. Využitie netradičných rastlinných druhov na výrobu funkčných potravín, Nitra, SPU NITRA, dizertačná práca: 81-95.
NICHOLSON F., SMITH S., ALLOWAY B., CARLTON-SMITH C., CHAMBERS B. 2003. An inventory of heavy metals inputs to agricultural soils in England and Wales. Science of the Total Environment. 311: 205-219.
RAMOS-MIRAS J., ROCA-PEREZ L., GUZMÁN-PALOMINO M., BOLUDA R., GIL C. 2011. Background levels and baseline values of available heavy metals in Mediterranean greenhouse soils (Spain). Journal of Geochemical
Hanna Jaworska, Halina Dąbkowska-Naskręt and Szymon Różański
ADACHI K.,TAINOSHO Y. 2004. Characterization of heavy metal particles embedded in tire dust. Environment International 30, 8: 1009-1017.
BARAN A., SPŁAWEK I., JASIEWICZ CZ. 2007. Zawartość metali ciężkich w roślinach i gruntach przylegających do wybranych stacji paliw w Krakowie. Materiały II Konferencji Młodych Uczonych, Kraków : 265-272.
CHRZAN A., MARKO-WORŁOWSKA M., ŁACIAK T. 2010. Zanieczyszczenie gleby i kory sosny metalami ciężkimi w Parku Krajobrazowym Skałki Twardowskiego w Krakowie
mushrooms by heavy metals in a former mercury-mining area. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B, 49: 815-827.
BIELEK P. 1996. Soil protection. Code of Good Agricultural Practice in Slovak Republic. VÚPÚ : Bratislava. [in Slovak] BURLINGAME B., MOUILLÉ B., CHARRONDIÈRE R. 2009. Nutrients, bioactive non-nutrients and anti-nutrients in potatoes. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 22: 494-502.
CHEN X., WANG K., WANG Z., GAN C., HE P., LIANG Y., JIN T., ZHU G. 2014. Effects of lead and cadmium co-exposure on bone mineral