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Biochemical and chemical indices of soil transformations on goose farms in years 1996–2011 / Biochemiczne i chemiczne wskaźniki przeobrażeń gleb na terenie ferm gęsi w latach 1998–2011

contents of active mineral nitrogen forms, Polish Journal of Soil Science, 30/2, pp. 23-28. [12] Egli, M., Sartori, G., Mirabella, A., Giaccai, D., Favilli, F., Scherrer, D., Krebs, R. & Delbos, E. (2010). The influence of weathering and organic matter on heavy metals liability in silicatic alpine soils, Science of The Total Environment, 408, pp. 931-938. [13] Gostkowska, K., Furczak, J., Domżał, H. & Bielińska, E.J. (1998). Suitability of some biochemical and microbiological tests for the degradation degree of podzolic soil on the

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Coal Cleaning Versus the Reduction of Mercury and other Trace Elements’ Emissions from Coal Combustion Processes

, 236-241. [12] Gibb, W.H., Clarke, F. & Mehta, A.K. (2000). Fuel Processing Technology, 365, 65-66. [13] Glenn, A.N. (1992). Environmental Progress, 11, 140. [14] Gluskoter, H.J., Shimp, N.F. & Rucz, R.R. (1981). Coal Analyses, Trace Elements and Mineral Mater in Chemistry of Coal Utilization, second supplementary, 369-424, USA. [15] Hlawiczka, S. & Fudala, J. (2003). Distribution of Cd, Pb and Hg emissions among sectors of economy in Poland and the emission assessment for the years 1990-2000 w

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Inorganic nanomaterials in the aquatic environment: behavior, toxicity, and interaction with environmental elements

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present characteristics, toxicity and environmental behavior of nanoparticles (NPs) (silver, copper, gold, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, iron oxide) that most frequently occur in consumer products. In addition, NPs are addressed as the new aquatic environmental pollutant of the 21st century. NPs are adsorbed onto particles in the aquatic systems (clay minerals, fulvic and humic acids), or they can adsorb environmental pollutants (heavy metal ions, organic compounds). Nanosilver (nAg) is released from consumer products into the aquatic environment. It can threaten aquatic organisms with high toxicity. Interestingly, copper nanoparticles (Cu-NPs) demonstrate higher toxicity to bacteria and aquatic microorganisms than those of nanosilver nAg. Their small size and reactivity can cause penetration into the tissues and interfere with the metabolic systems of living organisms and bacterial biogeochemical cycles. The behavior of NPs is not fully recognized. Nevertheless, it is known that NPs can agglomerate, bind with ions (chlorides, sulphates, phosphates) or organic compounds. They can also be bound or immobilized by slurry. The NPs behavior depends on process conditions, i.e. pH, ionic strength, temperature and presence of other chemical compounds. It is unknown how NPs behave in the aquatic environment. Therefore, the research on this problem should be carried out under different process conditions. As for the toxicity, it is important to understand where the differences in the research results come from. As NPs have an impact on not only aquatic organisms but also human health and life, it is necessary to recognize their toxic doses and know standards/regulations that determine the permissible concentrations of NPs in the environment.

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Antagonism between lead and zinc ions in plants

–213. Marschner, H. (1995). Mineral nutrition of higher plants, Academic Press Ltd., London, Great Britain 1995. Mengel, K., Kirkby, E.A., Kosegarten, H. & Appel, T. (2001). Principles of plant nutrition, Kluwer Acad. Publ., The Netherlands 2001. Musielińska, R., Kowol, J., Kwapuliński, J., Rochel, R. & Oleś, U. (2014). Discrimination of lead in plants by calcium and magnesium, Ekologia i Technika, 22, 3, pp. 106–110. (in Polish) Nagajyoti, P.C., Lee, K.D. & Sreekanth, T.V.M. (2010). Heavy metals, occurrence and toxicity for plants: a review

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Content and Mobility of Strontium in Forest Soils According to North-South Transect in Poland

extraction procedure for the speciation of particular trace elements, Analizy chemiczne, 5, 884-850. [21] Veresoglou, D.S., Tsialtas, J.T., Barbayiannis, N., & Zalidis, G.C. (1995). Caesium and strontium uptake by two pasture plant species grown in organic and inorganic soils, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 56, 37-42. [22] Wenzel, W.W., & Jockwer, F. (1999). Accumulation of heavy metals in plants grown on mineralized soils of the Austrian Alps, Environmental Pollution, 104, 145-155.

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Effect of overlying water pH, dissolved oxygen and temperature on heavy metal release from river sediments under laboratory conditions

: pH, salinity and temperature effects, Bioresource Technology, 99(9), pp. 3864-3870. Helios-Rybicka, E., Calmano, W. & Breeger, A. (1995) Heavy metals sorption/desorption on competing clay minerals; an experimental study, Applied Clay Science, 9(5), pp. 369-381. Ho, H.H., Swennen, R., Cappuyns, V., Vassilieva, E., Van Gerven, T. & Tran, T.V. (2012). Potential release of selected trace elements (As, Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb and Zn) from sediments in Cam River-mouth (Vietnam) under infl uence of pH and oxidation, Science of The Total Environment

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Spatial distribution, environmental risk and source of heavy metals in street dust from an industrial city in semi-arid area of China

metal bioaccessibility in UK household dust, Science of the Total Environment, 371, pp. 74-81. Wang, X., Huang, Z., Su, M., Li, S., Wang, Z., Zhao, S. & Zhang, Q. (2007). Characteristics of reference and background values of soils in Hetao area, Rock Mineral Analysis, 26, pp. 287-292. (in Chinese) Xu, Z.Q., Ni, S.J., Tuo, X.G., & Zhang, C.J. (2008). Calculation of heavy metals toxicity coeffi cient in the evaluation of potential ecological risk index, Environmental Science and Technology, 31, pp. 112-115. (in Chinese

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Influence of increasing nickel content in soil on Miscanthus × giganteus Greef and Deu. Yielding and on the content of nickel in above-ground biomass / Wpływ wzrastającej zawartości niklu w glebie na plonowanie Miscanthus x giganteus Greef i Deu. i zawartość niklu w nadziemnej biomasie

phytoremediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals, Acta Scientarum Polonorum Formatio Circumiectus,1-2, pp. 119-130. (in Polish) [4] Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P., Reeves, R.D. & Smith, J.A.C. (2000). Metal hyperaccumulator plants: a review of the ecology and physiology of a biochemical resource for phytoremediation of metal- -polluted soils, in: Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water, Terry, N. & Banuelos, G. (Eds.), Lewis Publishers, pp. 85-107. [5] Bosiacki, M. & Roszyk, J. (2010). The comparing methods of mineralization of plant

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Diagnosis of the Content of Selected Heavy Metals in the Soils of the Pałuki Region Against their Enzymatic Activity

-47. Toruń. [16] Kluge, R. (2001). Risk of heavy metal pollution of soils during application of composts. In Applying composts: Benefi ts and Needs. European Commission Seminar Proceedings , Brussels 22-23 November, 207-208. [17] Kondracki, J., (2001). Geografi a regionalna Polski . Warszawa: PWN. [18] Koper, J., & Lemanowicz, J. (2008). Effect of varied mineral nitrogen fertilization on changes in the content of phosphorus in soil and in plant and the activity of soil phosphatases. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering

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Physico-Chemical Parameters Determining the Variability of Actually and Potentially Available Fractions of Heavy Metals in Fluvial Sediments of the Middle Odra River

References [1] Alloway, B.J. (Ed.) (1995). Heavy metals in soils, 2nd Edition. Blackie, Glasgow 1995. [2] Amiard, J.C. (1992). Bioavailability of sediment - bound metals for benthic aquatic organisms. In J.P. Vernet (Ed.), Impact of heavy metals on the environment (pp. 183-202). Elsevier, Amsterdam 1992. [3] Antoniadis, V., Robinson, J.S., & Alloway, B.J. (2008). Effect of short-term pH fluctuations on cadmium, nickel, lead, and zinc availability to ryegrass in a sewage sludge-amended field, Chemosphere

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