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Magdalena Jabłońska-Czapla, Sebastian Szopa and Czesława Rosik-Dulewska

Srodowiska , 33 (1), 13 (in Polish). [6] Baig J.A., Kazi T.G., Arai M.B., Shah A.Q., Sarfraz R.A., Afridi H.I., Kandhro M.K., Jamali G.A. & Khan S. (2009). Arsenic fractionation in sediments of different origins using BCR sequential and single extraction methods, Journal of Hazardous Materials , 167, 1-3, 745. [7] Beniamin M.M. & Leckie I.O. (1981). Multiple-site adsorption of Cd, Cu, Zn, and Pb on amorphous iron oxyhydroxide, Journal of Colloid Interface Science , 1, 79. [8] Boughiet A., Proix N., Billon G., Recout P. & Ouddane B. (2007). Environmental Impacts of

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Stefan Góralczyk and Elżbieta Uzunow

Abstract

Rare earth metals including yttrium and europium are one of several critical raw materials, the use of which ensures the development of the so-called high technology. The possibility of their recovery in Europe is limited practically only to secondary materials such as phosphogypsum and electronic waste.

The article presents the results of our research concerning the development of recovery technology of yttrium and europium from luminophore CRT used lamps. It describes the principle of separation of elements and the test results of cleaning the concentrate. It was shown that the costs of preparing the concentrate according to the proposed technology are lower than the phosphogypsum processing technology and the composition of the resulting product does not contain hazardous substances.

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Elwira Zajusz-Zubek and Jan Konieczyński

, 203, 17. [9] EPA, U.S. (1998). Study of hazardous air pollutant emissions from electric utility steam generating units - Final Report to Congress. EPA-453/R-98-004a (February 1998) (Utility Air Toxics Study) Exec. Summ. At ES-4. [10] EPA’s roadmap for Mercure, (2006). EPA - HQ-OPPT-2005-0013, July 2006. [11] Finkelman, R.B., Stanton, R.W., Cecil, C.B. & Minkin, J.A. (1975). Modes of occurrence of selected trace elements in several Appalachian coals, American Chemical Society Preprints, Fuel Chemistry Division, 24, 1

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Miljana Prica, Milena Dalmacija, Bozo Dalmacija, Vesna Pesic, Dejan Krcmar, Milena Becelic and Rastko Milosevic

of trace elements soluble in aqua regia. [16] Jain C.K. (2004). Metal fractionation study on bed sediments of River Yamuna, India , Water Research, 38 , 569-578. [17] Jamali M.K., T.G. Kazi, M.B. Arain, H.I. Afridi, N. Jalbani, G.A. Kandhro, A.Q. Shah, J.A. Baig. (2004). Speciation of heavy metals in untreated sewage sludge by using microwave assisted sequential extraction procedure , Journal of Hazardous Materials, 163 (2-3) , 1157-1164. [18] Martley E., B. Gulson, H. Louie, M. Wu, P. Di. (2004). Metal

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Sinan Mehmet Turp

conditions, Chemosphere, 142, pp. 64-71. Malkoc, E. & Nuhoğlu, Y. (2006). Removal of Ni(II) ions from aqueous solutions using waste of tea factory: Adsorption on a fixed-bed column, Journal of Hazardous Materials, B135, pp. 328-336. Moradi, M., Fazizadehdavil, M., Pirsaheb, M., Mansouri, Y., Khosravi, T. & Sharafi , K. (2016), Response surface methodology (RSM) and its application for optimization of ammonium ions removal from aqueous solutions by pumice as a natural and low cost adsorbent, Archives of Environmental Protection, 42, 2, pp. 33

Open access

Yuanxing Huang, Daofang Zhang, Zhihua Xu, Shijue Yuan, Yuanheng Li and Lian Wang

References Antoniadis, V., Tsadilas, C.D. & Ashworth, D.J. (2007) Monometal and competitive adsorption of heavy metals by sewage sludge-amended soil, Chemosphere, 68(3), pp. 489-494. Aston, J.E., Apel, W.A., Lee, B.D. & Peyton, B.M. (2010) Effects of cell condition, pH, and temperature on lead, zinc, and copper sorption to Acidithiobacillus caldus strain BC13, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 184(1-3), pp. 34-41. Atkinson, C.A., Jolley, D.F. & Simpson, S.L. (2007) Effect of overlying water pH, dissolved oxygen

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Hamid Shirkhanloo, Seyed Alireza Hajiseyed Mirzahosseini, Nasrin Shirkhanloo, Seyyed Ali Moussavi-Najarkola and Hadi Farahani

. (2002). Arsenic calamity in the Indian subcontinent, Talanta, 58, pp. 3-22. [12] Edem, C., Dosunmu, M. & Bassey, F. (2009). Distribution of heavy metals in leaves, stems and roots of fluted Pumpkin (Telferia occidentatis), Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8, pp. 222-224. [13] Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), (2010). Designation of Hazardous Substances, 40 CFR 302.4, Washington DC. [14] Foo, S. & Tan, T. (1998). Elements in the hair of South-east Asian islanders, Science of The Total Environment, 209, pp. 185

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Michal Varga and Marek Kolenčík

. - MARTIN, R. - STORNIOLO, A. - BHATTACHARYA, P. - CORTES, J. - BONORINO, G. - ALBOUY, R. 2005. Relevance, essentiality and toxicity of trace elements in human health. In Molecular Aspects of Medicine, vol. 26, 2005, pp. 235-244. CAMPBELL, D.E. - LU, H. - LIN, B. 2014. Emergy evaluations of the global biogeochemical cycles of six biologically active elements and two compounds. In Ecological Modeling, vol. 271, 2014, pp. 32-51. ČERŇANSKY, S. - KOLENČIK, M. - ŠEVC, M. - URIK, J. - HILLER, E. 2009. Fungal volatilization of trivalent and

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Kazimierz Szymański and Beata Janowska

study of landfill leachate transport in soils, Water Research 38 2035 2042 Janowska, B. & Szymański, K. (2009). Transformation of selected trace elements during the composting process of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin , 18, 7, pp. 1110–1117. Janowska B. Szymański K. 2009 Transformation of selected trace elements during the composting process of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 18 7 1110 1117 Kjeldsen, P., Barlaz, M.A., Rooker, A. P., Baun

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Renata Musielińska, Jolanta Kowol, Jerzy Kwapuliński and Robert Rochel

(Ed.), Wyd. Politechniki Koszalińskiej, Koszalin 2005. (in Polish) Jin, C.W., Zheng, S.J., He, Y.F., Zhou, G.D. & Zhou, Z.X. (2005). Lead contamination in tea garden soils and factors affecting its bioavailability, Chemosphere , 59, pp. 1151–1159. Kabata-Pendias, A. & Mukherjee, A.B. (2007). Trace elements from soil to human , Springer-Verlag, Berlin–Heidelberg 2007. Kabata-Pendias, A. & Pendias, H. (2001-a). Biogeochemistry of trace elements, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2001. (in Polish) Kabata-Pendias, A. & Pendias, H. (2001-b