the European Parliament and of Council of 26 February 2014 on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits.
Directive 2014/30/EU of the European Parliament and of Council of 26 February 2014 on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility.
Directive 2011/65/EU of the European Parliament and of Council of 8 June 2011 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in
Beata Ślusarczyk, Muhammad Haseeb and Hafezali Iqbal Hussain
. Therefore, the fourth industrial revolution is key to the promotion of organisational performance.
Industry 4.0 has important elements, such as big data, cyber-physical systems (CPS), the interoperability, the Internet of Things (IoT) and a smart city. The industrial revolution is mostly based on these five factors. However, the current study examined the effect of three major factors, namely, CPS, the interoperability and a smart city (a smart factory, a smart product) on the production and services of textile companies in Malaysia. These three elements of Industry 4