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Effiong Ukorebi Etim

immobilize?, J. Hazard. Mater. 266 (2014)141–166. [9]. R.E. Cameron, Guide to site and soil description for hazardous waste site characterization. Volume 1: Metals. Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/4-91/029 (1992). [10]. W. Ling, Q. Shen, Y. Gao, X. Gu, Z. Yang, Use of bentonite to control the release of copper from contaminated soils, Australian J. Soil Res. 45 (2007) 618-623. [11]. GOC, Remediation technologies: A reference manual. Contaminated sites working group. Ontario, Chapter 6 (2003). [12]. GWRTAC, Remediation of metals

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Uchechi Bliss Onyedikachi, Donatus Chuka Belonwu and Mattew Owhonda Wegwu

, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 7 (2010) 2501-2513. [10]. O.J. Ayodele, O.S. Shittu, T. Balogun, Heavy metal pollution assessment of granite quarrying operations at Ikole-Ekiti, Nigeria, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis 2 (2014) 333-339. [11]. K.W. Nkpaa, K.C.P. Iwuanyanwu. M.O. Wegwu, E. B Essien, Health risk assessment of hazardous metals for population via consumption of seafood from Ogoniland, Rivers State, Nigeria; A case study of Kaa, B-Dere, and Bodo City, Environmental

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Cosmin-Liviu Şchiopu and Nicoleta Ionac

Abstract

Icing - a risk factor in aviation. Case study: The plane crash in the Apuseni Mountains (Romania) on 20.01.2014. Icing is a potentially harmful weather phenomenon for flight safety. Icing, irrespective of its forms, has a negative impact on all aviation activities since it severely impedes the aerodynamic properties of an aircraft, sometimes to such an extent that flying and landing may become impossible. Icing is a serious weather threat to aviation and may ultimately lead to deadly events. One such unfortunate event took place in the Western (Apuseni) Mountains on the 20.01.2014, when an aircraft which was transporting a medical team on a humanitarian mission, simply crashed down in the area of the Western (Apuseni) Mountains, at around 4:00 pm local time. The present study actually makes an inventory of the extremely hazardous flying conditions, by thoroughly analyzing the weather reports and data, as well as visual and synoptic messages or official elements and information from that very day. All these materials show that the flight route and the airdrome of destination were under the influence of a front which accounted for very poor meteorological conditions. On such bad weather, the flight was practically doomed to failure since low snow and sleet-bearing clouds were hanging down over the mountaintops. Flying straight through these clouds made any landmarks impossible to be seen and, furthermore, lack of orientation created false perceptions which led to fatal misjudgements and errors.

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Wael Badawy, Olesya Ye. Chepurchenko, Hussein El Samman and Marina V. Frontasyeva

the Investigation Levels for Soil and Groundwater. Australia. (1999). http://www.scew.gov.au/system/files/resources/93ae0e77-e697-e494-656f-afaaf9fb4277/files/schedule-b1-guideline-investigation-levels-soil-and-groundwater-sep10.pdf . [26] Spadoni M, Voltaggio M, Cavarretta G. Recognition of areas of anomalous concentration of potentially hazardous elements by means of a subcatchment-based discriminant analysis of stream sediments. J Geochem Exploration. 2005; 87(3):83-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2005.08.001. [27] Ministry of the Environment (Japan

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Juris Burlakovs and Magnuss Vircavs

, risk reduction and remediation. Land Contam Reclam. 1998; 6(4):183-197. DOI: 10.2462/09670513.401. [14] Shi C, Fernandez-Jimenez A. Stabilization / solidification of hazardous and radioactive wastes with alkali-activated cements. J Hazard Mater B, 2006;137:1656-1663. DOI: 10.1016/j.hazmat.2006.05.008. [15] Emerging Technologies for the Remediation of Metals in Soils. Electrokinetics. Technology Overview. Interstate Technology and Regulatory Cooperation Work Group. December, 1997, 19. [16] Gonzaga MIS, Santos JAG, Ma LQ

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David Řehák, Kateřina SikorovÁ and Pavel Senovský

technologie, systémy a management II (in Czech). Zlin: VeRBuM. Senovsky, M., Adamec, V., Krocova, S. & Senovsky P. (2009). Assessment of Risks of Critical Infrastructure Elements (in Czech). Spektrum, 9(1), 5−7. Sikorova, K. (2009). Environmental Impact Assessment in the context of management of major accident prevention (in Czech). Doctoral thesis, VSB-Technical University, Ostrava. SIPROCI (2007). Risk Mapping a Proposal for a Common European Methodology. Project coordinator EuroCentro. Vojkovska, K

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Andreea R. Zsigmond, Krisztina Varga, Sándor Harangi, Edina Baranyai and István Urák

., Soylak, M. (2008), Evaluation of trace metal contents of some wild edible mushrooms from Black sea region, Turkey. Journal of Hazardous Materials 160, 462–567. [7] Kalač, P., Svoboda, L. (2000), A review of trace element concentrations in edible mushrooms. Food Chemistry 69, 273–281. [8] Radulescu, C., Stihi, C., Busuioc, G., Gheboianu, A. I., Popescu, I. V. (2010), Studies concerning heavy metals bioaccumulation of wild edible mushrooms from industrial area by using spectrometric techniques. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 84

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Simona Kvasnová, Ľudmila Hamarová and Peter Pristaš

toxic elements by microorganisms. Chem. Listy 1092: 109-112. Carpio IEM, Franco DC, Sato MIZ, Sakata S, Pellizari VH, Ferreira Filho SS, Rodrigues DF (2016) Biostimulation of metal-resistant microbial consortium to remove zinc from contaminated environments. Sci. Total Environ. 550: 670-675. Dixit R, Malaviya D, Pandiyan K, Singh UB, Sahu A, Shukla R, Paul D (2015) Bioremediation of heavy metals from soil and aquatic environment: an overview of principles and criteria of fundamental processes. Sustainability 7: 2189

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Zuzana Dürešová, Anna Šuňovská, Miroslav Horník, Martin Pipíška, Marcela Gubišová, Jozef Gubiš and Juraj Lesný

References ATAFAR, Z., MESDAGHINIA, A.R., NOURI, J., HOMAEE, M., YUNESIAN, M., AHMADIMOGHADDAM, M., MAHVI, A.H.: Effect of fertilizer application on soil heavy metal concentration. Environ. Monit. Assess., 160, 2010, 83-89. ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry): Priority list of hazardous substances, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA, USA, 2013. Available from: < www.atsdr.cdc.gov >. BAUDDH, K., SINGH, K., SINGH, B., SINGH, R.P.: Ricinus communis : A robust plant for bio-energy and phytoremediation of

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Sławomir Żak, Teresa Rauckyte-Żak, Alfredas Laurinavičius and Paweł Siudziński

;46(6):1203-1213. DOI: 10.1007/s00226-012-0475-x. [14] Grāvitis J, Ābolinš J, Tupčiauskas R, Vēveris A. Lignin from steam-exploded wood as binder in wood composites. J Environ Eng Landsc Manage. 2010;18(2):75-84. DOI: 10.3846/jeelm.2010.09. [15] Bellotti N, Deyá C, del Amo B, Romagnoli R. “Quebracho” tannin derivative and boosters biocides for new antifouling formulations. J Coating Tech Res. 2012;9(5):551-559. DOI: 10.1007/s11998-012-9403-0. [16] Grynkiewicz-Bylina B. Testing of toxic elements migration from the materials used as toy