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Jasmina Pluncevic-Gligoroska, Lidija Todorovska, Beti Dejanova, Vesela Maleska, Sanja Mancevska and Slobodan Nikolic

References 1. Reilly T, Bangsbo J, Franks A. Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer. J Sports Sci. 2000; 18(9): 669–683. 2. Meszaros T, Mohacsi J, Szabo T, Szmodis I. Anthro pometry and competitive sport in Hungary. Acta Biol Szeged. 200; 44 (1–4): 189–192. 3. Bell W, Rhodes G. The morphological characteristics of the association football player. Journal of Sports Medicine & Physical Fitness. 1975; 20: 196–200. 4. American College of Sports Medicine position stand (ACSM). (2009). Nutrition and athletic performance. Medicine

Open access

Vasile D.N. Firiţeanu

References 1. Dima M. (2007) Physical preparation of footballers. Bucharest, Publishing Bren; 2. Rădulescu M, Cristea E. (1984) Football training aspects of current juniors. Publishing Sport-Turism, Bucharest; 3. Rădulescu M, Cojocaru V. (2003) Guide football coach - children and youth. Bucharest, Publishing Axis Mundi; 4. Crevoisirer J. (1995) Analiza strategiilor de intervenţie folosite de antrenorii de fotbal. Science et motricite. 25:70-83.

Open access

Cărăbas Ionică

Abstract

In order to achieve the great performance, the physical preparation represents one of the most important factors of the sports training. The development of speed, of force resistance and of skill at superior parameters should represent major objectives in the training of the football teams which aim to attain the top of the national and international hierarchies. The results of the assessments of the football games at high level, confirm this hypothesis that is why the physical preparation should be reconsidered and adapted to the requirements of the modern play. According to the opinion of the great specialists of the field, the physical qualities have a weight of 47% compared with the other qualities which a top football player should possess. For us the trainers, it is only about to find the most appropriate means in order to develop and exploit at maximum, those qualities

Open access

Sorin Brîndescu

Abstract

The stage reached nowadays in the development of the game of football throughout the world, as a result of the effort and concern of specialists and players for continuous improvement of the game, inevitably led to the development of new well-established ideas and solutions about the manner of playing, the game and training system, the selection and promotion of players. All this made the performance level be very high at present, both nationally and especially internationally, and this can only be achieved by players whose performance capacity is particularly large and growing. A special contribution in solving these problems has been brought and will be brought further by scientific research, both the fundamental one which studies essentially the mass basis of performance football in all its conceptual complexity, and the applicative one which addresses more limiting issues but still definite, specific to the practice and methodology of football at this level. Moreover, until now there have been numerous studies with an applicative nature joined by many specialists worldwide through research studies conducted over the years. Thus, it can be appreciated that most of the issues regarding the effective contact time with the ball are identified by the manner in which the possession of the ball is gained and lost. Therefore, we compared the two competitions, the players involved, depending on their position in a team. We want the results to be mostly a support for the advanced training of football players at all divisionary levels, with the possibility of achieving specific training plans and stages.

Open access

Sorin Brîndescu

Abstract

The general trend worldwide is a pronounced decrease in the age at which sport performance begins. An early debut in the performance sport requires an early specialization and hence special efforts of the athlete, not just physical (the body has the ability to regenerate), but also of a mental nature. In this study I wanted to obtain the experts opinions on the main aspects of selection for the age studied, namely: selection criteria, methods of encouragement, stimulation and improvement, the overall state of the selection phenomenon organized for children of small age. Sports training professionals appreciate that the future belongs to technicians and athletes able to create new patterns, superior to those present, favoring the creation of highly efficient motor structures in order to obtain success in sports.

Open access

Sorin Brîndescu

Abstract

The general trend worldwide is a pronounced decrease in the age at which sport performance begins. An early debut in the performance sport requires an early specialization and hence special efforts of the athlete, not just physical (the body has the ability to regenerate), but also of a mental nature. In this study I wanted to obtain the experts opinions on the main aspects of selection for the age studied, namely: selection criteria, methods of encouragement, stimulation and improvement, the overall state of the selection phenomenon organized for children of small age. Sports training professionals appreciate that the future belongs to technicians and athletes able to create new patterns, superior to those present, favoring the creation of highly efficient motor structures in order to obtain success in sports.

Open access

Remus Datcu

Abstract

Theoretically, this paper offers a complementary, applied scientific research, regarding the development of juniors specific speed, one of the more important aspects to be considered in current soccer game conditions. In soccer, speed directly affects the player’s ability to move his body in the shortest amount of time and for the optimal distance. Thus, the player’s speed has the same physiological and biochemical mechanics and the same underlying particularities as every other manifestation of speed. Still, there are aspects that concern the soccer player’s speed in particular, as we have previously shown, there are specifics that separate this type of speed from that of the athlete or of the volleyball player. From a proffessional point of view we can clearly state that speed has different qualities depending on the type of sport in which it is used. In consequence it is a subject of high interest for all branches of the sport world, and has a decisive impact when trying to achieve performance. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the means of improving the game speed of junior soccer players between 16 and 18 years of age, who are already in an advanced state of training, through a set of given tasks. The reason for choosing this subject is based on the need of finding and testing a model of developing speed in juniors of that age so that better results in their training can be obtained.

Open access

Sorin Brîndescu

Abstract

Technical preparation implies training increasingly skilled players, with an ever-improving capacity of performing, in order to succeed and cope with the demands of contemporary football. In order to achieve this objective, a continuous increase of quality and efficiency when selecting the players is needed; furthermore, the optimization of the process of preparation and discovery of the most efficient methods in the training process are also necessities to be dealt with. By observing the various technical executions made by the players on the football field, one can obtain practical demonstrations and optimal solutions of how to improve the technical-tactical way of playing of the entire team and can foreground the problematic areas and the less skilled executions of each player and of the entire team

Open access

Dan Gaiţă, Mihaela Oraviţan and Claudiu Avram

Abstract

Among the factors acting as a burden to health, physical inactivity ranks fourth as a risk factor for all-cause mortality and sixth among the risk factor for loss of disability in adjusted life years. Unhealthy diets and physical inactivity are key risk factors for the major noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes. It were investigated a sample of 1106 Romanian subjects, aged 18 and over. 53% of the questioned population is informed regarding the benefits of daily physical activities, but only 35% of Romanians declare that they find it easy to apply what they know about maintaining health. Their main sources of information are: television (56%) and Internet (17%). 49% perform appropriate physical activity; walking (51%) and household activities (32%) are the main physical activities performed by Romanians, while sports are performed by few of those interviewed (running – 12%, fitness – 7%, cycling – 6%, football – 6%, gymnastics – 4%, while all the other did not score over 2%). Half of respondents practice physical activities rarely or not at all, and the main reasons for the sedentary behaviour are the lack of time (42%), lack of money (16%) or convenience (15%). Nearly half of Romanians are sedentary. Although the level of information regarding the benefits of physical activities is satisfactory, the degree of putting this information into practice is very small; the population is not sufficiently aware of the necessity to perform physical activities, in spite of the fact that the effects of a sedentary lifestyle are evident.

Open access

Bogdan Almăjan-Guţă, Alexandra-Mihaela Rusu, Adrian Nagel and Claudiu Avram

. Headey J., Brooks J.H.M., Kemp S.P.T. (2007) The epidemiology of shoulder injuries in English professional rugby union. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 35(9): 1537-1543. 12. Nicholas C.W. (1997) Anthropometric and physiological characteristics of rugby union football players . Sports Med . 23(6):375-96. 13. Bahr R., Holme I. (2003) Risk factors for sports injuries -a methodological approach . Br J Sports Med ; 37:384-392. 14. Arnason A. et al. (2004) Risk Factors for Injuries in Football . Am J Sports Med , 32 5S-16S. 15. Knapik