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Open access

Zofia Kasińska and Tomasz Tasiemski

References 1. Piłka nożna w badaniach statystycznych Główny Urząd Statystyczny, Warszawa 2012 2. [Internet]. Sports [cited 2016 Oct 25]. Available from: 3. [Internet]. Kluby [cited 2016 Oct 24]. Available from: 4. Frere J. The History of “modern” Amputee Football. In: Amputee Sports for Victims of Terrorism, IOS Press; 2007. p. 5-13. 5. Yazicioglu K. The anatomy of amputee players. In: Amputee Sports for Victims of Terrorism, IOS

Open access

Katarzyna Dangel and Waldemar Skowroński


Introduction: Unified Sports are the official programme of Special Olympics, which brings together people with intellectual disabilities (athletes) with their peers with no such disabilities (partners) in teams, in trainings and during competitions.

The aim: The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the level of engagement in sport activity by partners and athletes in the teams of unified football programme during Special Olympics.

Materials and methods: 206 participants - 113 athletes and 93 partners - from the teams of unified football programme took part in the research in Poland. The average age among the athletes was 15.5, and among the partners 15.7. The results obtained are just a fraction of deeper, international research done with the use of a questionnaire by the University of Ulster in 2009-2010.

Results: All the people surveyed like taking part in both trainings and competitions. Around 70% like both of them a lot, 30% enjoy them a bit. In accordance with the answer to the question “How often did you try to do your best in a competition?” one can assume that all the people in the group were highly engaged in the game - 54% all the time, 46% sometimes. All the people questioned claim that their team is competitive - 51% believe it to be very competitive, 48% quite competitive. The partners believed that trainings were more challenging for the athletes than for them. Substantially more partners state that the athletes were doing their best in a competition when compared with the opinion of the athletes themselves.

Conclusions: The results prove that the aims of the programme for Unified Sports are realized properly. The fact that all the participants find pleasure in doing sports and that they positively assess the competitiveness of their team explains why all of them are so engaged in sports activity. It means that the programme is really valuable and can develop in a positive way. Research on the motives of taking part in Unified Sports and relations between athletes and partners should, therefore, be continued.

Open access

Terry Jeremy Ellapen, Carl Stow, Natalie Macrae, Jessica Milne and Hendrick Johan Van Heerden

[cited Oct2011]URL: 16. Van Heerden HJ. Pre-participation evaluation and identification of aetiological risk factors in epidemiology of sports injuries among youths. Doctor of Philosophy. Pretoria: University of Pretoria; 1996. 17. Hagglund M, Walden M, Bahr R, Ekstrand J. Methods for epidemiological study of injuries to professional football players: developing the UEFA model. British Journal of Sport Medicine 2005; 39: 340- 346

Open access

Luka Vitez, Petra Zupet, Vesna Zadnik and Matej Drobnič

.2165/00007256-200737040-00043 Fredericson M Misra AK. Epidemiology and aetiology of marathon running injuries Sports Med 2007 37 437 9 17 Grier T, Canham-Chervak M, Anderson MK, Bushman TT, Jones BH. Effects of the FIFA 11 training program on injury prevention and performance in football players: a systematic review and metaanalysis. US Army Med Dep J 2015: Apr-Jun: 33-41. Grier T Canham-Chervak M Anderson MK Bushman TT Jones BH. Effects of the FIFA 11 training program on injury prevention and performance in football players: a systematic review and metaanalysis US Army Med Dep J

Open access

Sebastian Zduński, Witold Rongies, Marcin Ziółkowski, Tomasz Kozieł, Piotr Kazimierski, Rafał Hałaj and Janusz Sierdziński

, Wouters K et al. Three tesla magnetic resonance imaging of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee: can we differentiate complete from partial tears? Skeletal Radiol 2011; 40:701-7. 14. Walde´n M, Martin Haogglund M, Magnusson H, Ekstrand J. Anterior cruciate ligament injury in elite football: a prospective three-cohort study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2011; 19:11-19. 15. Bernardino S. ACL prosthesis: any promise for the future? Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2010; 18:797-804. 16. Schindler SO. Surgery