Adriana Monea, Lia Yero Eremie, Csilla Bukhari, Gabriela Beresescu and Carmen Biris
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An investigation of whether AM can attenuate renal fibrosis and aid in processes of protection against and reversal of tissue damage, and the mechanisms of AM action in any such attenuation is warranted. To determine whether AM can disrupt progression of renal fibrosis in a rat model of the disease, histopathology using Sirius Red collagen fiber staining, which allows us to determine the relative amount of collagen fibers in renal tissue, and proteomic analysis of protein marker expression was used to understand better potential mechanisms of AM
artery; RCA, right coronary artery
( A ) One site of the myocardial bridge on the AIA. ( B ) Two sites on the AIA. AIA, anterior interventricular artery
Identification of the dominant pattern of coronary arteries has clinical importance particularly from the functional impact of myocardial ischemia [ 3 ]. The prevalence of right dominance had been reported to be 40%–80% [ 3 , 6 , 7 , 8 ], left dominance 6.8%–18.57% [ 7 , 9 , 10 ], and codominance 10%–42.5% [ 8 , 11 , 12 ]. In the present study, the prevalence of right
Stefka M. Delimitreva, Ralitsa S. Zhivkova, Irina V. Chakarova, Valentina P. Hadzhinesheva, Vladislav V. Lazarov and Dimitrina K. Dimitrova-Dikanarova
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Yi-sheng Zhong, Min-hong Xiang, Wen Ye, Ping Huang, Yu Cheng and You-qin Jiang
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Onanong Jitkritsadakul, Priya Jagota and Roongroj Bhidayasiri
, brainstem, and higher brain [ 16 ]. The simplest loop is the peripheral monosynaptic stretch reflex loop where the Ia afferent fibers from the muscle spindle synapse directly with the α motor neurons in the spinal cord, which send axons to the extrafusal muscle fibers [ 16 ]. Theoretically, flexion movements will stretch and cause afferent volley eliciting reflexes in the antagonistic extensors. When an extensor muscle is activated, a similar pattern occurs, causing an afferent volley to the flexors [ 23 ]. These reflex loops are then connected and oscillate over time
Chryssoula Staikou, Mattheos Stamelos and Eftyhios Stavroulakis
ELC. Clinical features of Wolff- Parkinson-White syndrome. Am Heart J 1999; 138: 403-413. doi: 10.1016/S0002-8703(99)70140-7
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in their gut flora [ 4 ]. Feeding with breast-milk containing different milk microbiota and maternal antibodies is another way that may affect the development of their gut flora [ 4 ].
During growth, the composition of the gut microbiota are affected by individual’s lifestyle, diet, and medication use [ 4 ]. Westernized diet with high-saturated fatty acids and sucrose, and low fiber, promote epithelial inflammation and stimulate the pathogenic bacterial growth inside the gut [ 6 ]. Frequent use of the antibiotics further affects the healthy commensals growth and
Andreea Grosu-Bularda, Claudiu Manea and Ioan Lascar
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