Jadwiga Sienkiewicz, Grażyna Porębska, Apolonia Ostrowska and Dariusz Gozdowski
-peat soils (Dystri-Fibric Histosol) were sampled in the swamp coniferous forest, and peat-like soils were sampled from a 15-cm shallow peat layer deposited on mineral substrate in the dry wooded mire. The soil types along transect No. 3 varied greatly, with major contribution of peat soils (Eutri-Fibric Histosol), muck soils (Sapri-Dystric Histosol), muckous soils (Areni-Eutric Histosol) and peat-muck soils (Sapri-Eutric Histosol) as well as brown soils (Cambisol). Moderately decomposed sedge moss peat underlain by a weakly decomposed peat was sampled at transect No. 4
Cereal-based foods form the basis of human nutrition world-wide. Their main task is the supply of nutrition energy as they are rich in high polymer carbohydrates, mainly starch. Besides, cereals can and do contribute a significant amount of biologically active constituents that promote beneficial physiological effects like dietary fiber and their fractions, vitamins and polyphenols, to name only a few. There is a large variety of cereal species that has been and could be used for human nutrition, as well as starch-rich seeds that can be used
Karl Schedle, Elke Humer, Rudolf Leitgeb, Gertrude Freudenberger, Katharina Monika Ebner and Christiane Schwarz
a result, the consumption of natural feed resources such as grains by pig and poultry feed can be considerably reduced without impairing the animals’ health or performance ( Schedle, 2016 ). Above all, monogastric livestock or poultry directly compete with humans for feedstuffs/foodstuffs, because of their similar digestive physiology. Hence, the reduction of cereals in diets for monogastric livestock and poultry is very important from a sustainable point of view ( Schedle, 2016 ).
The DDGS contains high amounts of fiber, mainly consisting of non
Mihai-Florin Ostafi, Florin Dinulică and Valeriu-Norocel Nicolescu
felling, diameters at breast height and total heights of these trees were measured. The north and east directions were marked on the bark of these trees. The five trees had diameters at breast height ranging between 15 and 20 cm and total heights between 15.7 and 19 m. After de-branching, the trees were transversally cut every 2 m. From each resulting section, a disc was extracted and identification data as well as north and east directions were marked. Along with the disc, two smaller samples were extracted from each stem section, one from the inner-wood and the other
Heba Salama, Marc Loesche, Antje Herrmann, Friedhelm Taube and Martin Gierus
Accurate and easy identification of the growth stage of a grass sward is critical to many forage breeding and management decisions. Quantity and quality of forage grasses are strongly affected by plant morphology ( Moore and Moser, 1995 ). Some forage quality traits, such as crude protein and fiber, change unfavorably with advancing maturity ( Simon and Park, 1983 ). Many previous studies have been conducted with the common goal to quantify the developmental stages of cool-season ( Haun, 1973 ; Simon and Park, 1983 ; Sweet et al., 1991
topics and challenges associated with the analysis and design of aging concrete structures.
As detailed in the introduction, the driving force behind research on concrete as an aging material stems from questions arising on the structural scale—assessing a structure’s current and predicting its future condition. This requires suitable numerical simulation techniques to capture the structural response at any point in time, which have to be calibrated and validated using measurement (monitoring) data. The identification of unknown material properties and boundary
surfaces not only introduced a new enzymatic paradigm, but also provides new opportunities for the refinement of commercial enzyme mixtures used for biomass processing and biofuel production.
Identification and general properties of cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH)
Cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH; EC126.96.36.199; CAZy: AA3.1) was first described in 1974 as a component of the exo-enzyme system of the wood-degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium ( Westermark and Eriksson, 1974 ). Studies of the isolated enzyme revealed fast oxidation of the soluble cellulose
Theresa Boeck, Stefano D’Amico, Elisabeth Zechner, Henry Jaeger and Regine Schoenlechner
The nutritional composition of oat ( Avena sativa L.) makes these cereal highly beneficial for the human diet. Oat is rich in the soluble dietary fiber β-glucan, with contents typically ranging between 3 and 5%, with only barley showing higher contents of up to 7% ( Arendt and Zannini, 2013 ). Oat β-glucan forms viscous gels, causing the stomach content to expand in volume, prolonging the feeling of satiety ( Kale et al., 2014 ). It also increases the viscosity of the digesta in the small intestine, effectively slowing nutrient uptake and
Inese Sable, Uldis Grinfelds, Laura Vikele, Linda Rozenberga, Dagnija Lazdina, Martins Zeps and Aris Jansons
Abolina, E., Volk, T.A., Lazdina, D. 2015. GIS based agricultural land availability assessment for the establishment of short rotation woody crops in Latvia. – Biomass and Bioenergy, 72, 263–272.
Ai, J., Tschirner, U. 2010. Fiber length and pulping characteristics of switchgrass, alfalfa stems, hybrid poplar and willow biomasses. – Bioresource Technology, 101(1), 215–221.
Bārdule, A., Lazdiņa, D., Bārdulis, A., Lazdiņš, A., Vīksna A. 2012. Utilization of wood ash, sewage sludge and digestate in short rotation bioenergy plantation in
Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Bogusław Król, Monika Kosmala, Joanna Milala, Zenon Zduńczyk and Ewa Żary-Sikorska
11. Cerdá B., Tomás-Barberán F.A., Espín J.C., Metabolism of antioxidant and chemopreventive ellagitannins from strawberries. Raspberries, walnuts and oak-aged wine in humans: identification of biomarkers and individual variability. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 227-235.
12. Da Silva Pinto M., Lajolo M.F., Genovese M.I., Bioactive compounds and quantification of total ellagic acid in strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.). Food Chem., 2008, 107, 1629- -1635.
13. Espin J.C., Gonzalez-Barrio R., Cerda B., Lopez-Bote C., Rey, A