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Identification of Cellulose Fibers Isolated from Reconstituted Tobacco

,:125,098 (:1964). : 11. Light, H.J., and R. J. Osborne: Reconstituted sheet manufacture; U.S. Patent No. 3,464,422 (:1969). 12. Christy, .M. G., and M. Samfield: The average degree of polymerization (D.P.) of cellulose in various tobacco types, Part1.: Experimental; Tobacco Science 4 (1.960) 33. 13. Image analysis data furnished through the courtesy of Image Analysing Computers, Inc. (Imanco), of Monsey, New York. 14. Richards, G. N.: A fiber analysis of tobacco stem and stalk; Tobacco Science 8 (1964) 27.

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Indicators of peat soil degradation in the Biebrza valley, Poland

-peat soils (Dystri-Fibric Histosol) were sampled in the swamp coniferous forest, and peat-like soils were sampled from a 15-cm shallow peat layer deposited on mineral substrate in the dry wooded mire. The soil types along transect No. 3 varied greatly, with major contribution of peat soils (Eutri-Fibric Histosol), muck soils (Sapri-Dystric Histosol), muckous soils (Areni-Eutric Histosol) and peat-muck soils (Sapri-Eutric Histosol) as well as brown soils (Cambisol). Moderately decomposed sedge moss peat underlain by a weakly decomposed peat was sampled at transect No. 4

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Production of Ligninolytic Enzymes by Coptotermes curvignathus Gut Bacteria

approach for the functionalisation of lignin and lignocellulosic fibers. Catalysis Today 2010:156(1–2):8–22. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2010.03.057 [4] Pérez J., Muñoz-Dorado J., De La Rubia T., Martínez J. Biodegradation and biological treatments of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin: An overview. International Microbiology 2002:5(2):53–63. doi:10.1007/s10123-002-0062-3 [5] Paliwal R., Rawat A. P., Rawat M., Rai J. P. N. Bioligninolysis: Recent updates for biotechnological solution. Applied Biochemisrty and Biotechnology 2012:167(7):1865–1889. doi:10.1007/s

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TNF-α and IL-6 as biomarkers of impaired lung functions in dimethylacetamide exposure

Introduction The acute and chronic effects of industrial solvent exposure on the burden of occupational and environmental lung diseases are remarkable ( 1 , 2 ). The harmful effects of these agents have been demonstrated in many diseases including cancer, chronic renal failure, peripheral or central neurotoxicity and developmental anomalies ( 3 , 4 ). Dimethylacetamide (DMAc) is an industrial solvent that is widely used in various applications in agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals, production of human-made fibres, industrial coatings and films ( 5 ). As it

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Mechanism and functions of identified miRNAs in poultry skeletal muscle development

PI3K Phosphoinositide-3-Kinase ANXA2 Annexin A2 TPM3 Tropomyosin 3 EIF2AK3 Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Alpha Kinase 3 Reference Accili, D., Arden, K.C., 2004. FoxOs at the Crossroads of Cellular Review Metabolism, Differentiation, and Transformation. Andreote, A.P.D., Rosario, M.F., Ledur, M.C., Jorge, E.C., Sonstegard, T.S., Matukumalli, L., Coutinho, L.L., 2014. Identification and characterization of microRNAs expressed in chicken skeletal muscle. Genet. Mol. Res. 13, 1465–1479. https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.March.6

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Properties of pseudocereals, selected specialty cereals and legumes for food processing with special attention to gluten-free products / Verarbeitungseigenschaften von Pseudogetreide, ausgewählten Spezialitätengetreide und Leguminosen mit speziellem Fokuss auf glutenfreie Produkte

1 Introduction Cereal-based foods form the basis of human nutrition world-wide. Their main task is the supply of nutrition energy as they are rich in high polymer carbohydrates, mainly starch. Besides, cereals can and do contribute a significant amount of biologically active constituents that promote beneficial physiological effects like dietary fiber and their fractions, vitamins and polyphenols, to name only a few. There is a large variety of cereal species that has been and could be used for human nutrition, as well as starch-rich seeds that can be used

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Inclusion of NSP-hydrolysing enzymes in diets for broiler chicks containing increasing contents of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) / Einsatz von NSP-spaltenden Enzymen in Futterrationen für Broiler mit unterschiedlichen Trockenschlempegehalten (DDGS)

a result, the consumption of natural feed resources such as grains by pig and poultry feed can be considerably reduced without impairing the animals’ health or performance ( Schedle, 2016 ). Above all, monogastric livestock or poultry directly compete with humans for feedstuffs/foodstuffs, because of their similar digestive physiology. Hence, the reduction of cereals in diets for monogastric livestock and poultry is very important from a sustainable point of view ( Schedle, 2016 ). The DDGS contains high amounts of fiber, mainly consisting of non

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Physical properties and structural features of common walnut (Juglans regia L.) wood: A case-study / Physikalische Eigenschaften und strukturelle Charakteristika des Holzes der Walnuß (Juglans regia L.): Eine Fallstudie

felling, diameters at breast height and total heights of these trees were measured. The north and east directions were marked on the bark of these trees. The five trees had diameters at breast height ranging between 15 and 20 cm and total heights between 15.7 and 19 m. After de-branching, the trees were transversally cut every 2 m. From each resulting section, a disc was extracted and identification data as well as north and east directions were marked. Along with the disc, two smaller samples were extracted from each stem section, one from the inner-wood and the other

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Insulin Receptor and its Relationship with Different Forms of Insulin Resistance

associated with increased insulin receptor biosynthesis and messenger RNA levels. J Clin Invest 1989; 83: 192-198. [13] BRUNETTI A, GOLDFINE ID. Differential effects of fibroblast growth factor on insulin receptor and muscle specific protein gene expression in BC3H-1 myocytes. Mol Endocrinol 1990; 4: 880-885. [14] [14] BRUNETTI A, FOTI D, GOLDFINE ID. Identification of unique nuclear regulatory proteins for the insulin receptor gene which appear during myocyte and adipocyte differentiation. J Clin Invest 1993; 92: 1288

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A simplified maturity index to quantify the development stage of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and its relationship with yield and nutritive value

1 Introduction Accurate and easy identification of the growth stage of a grass sward is critical to many forage breeding and management decisions. Quantity and quality of forage grasses are strongly affected by plant morphology ( Moore and Moser, 1995 ). Some forage quality traits, such as crude protein and fiber, change unfavorably with advancing maturity ( Simon and Park, 1983 ). Many previous studies have been conducted with the common goal to quantify the developmental stages of cool-season ( Haun, 1973 ; Simon and Park, 1983 ; Sweet et al., 1991

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