and Esoteric Arts (Highland Village: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2006) Leoni, Tomasso, Art of dueling: Salvator Fabris’ rapier fencing treatise of 1606 (Highland Village: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2005) Petermann, Kurt, Pasch, Beschreibung wahrer Tanz-Kunst. Mit einem Nachwort und einem Register von Kurt Petermann (Leipzig: Zentralantiquariat, 1978) Sørensen, Claus, “A Look Behind the Scenes: Danish Renaissance Martial Arts during the Reign of Christian IV”, Acta Periodica Duellatorum 4 (2016), 2, 31-45 Zdrenka
Reinier van Noort and Jan Schäfer
> [verified 05/01/2015]. Daressy Henri, Archives des maîtres d’armes de Paris (Paris: maison Quantin, 1888). Dupuis Olivier, ‘Organization and Regulation of Fencing in the Realm of France in the Renaissance’, Acta Periodica Duellatorum, 2 (2014), pp. 233–254. Förster W., ‘Recensionen und anzeigen, Maistre Wace’s Roman de Rou et des Dues de Normandie’, Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie, 1 (1877), pp. 144–159. Gauthier Jules, Inventaire sommaire des archives départementales antérieures à 1790. Doubs. Archives civiles, série B, chambre des
An undated paper from the archives of Strasburg contains a set of rules approved by fencing masters for a fencing tournament. The dating of this document is uncertain but could be established around 1470-71. A complete and unpublished transcription will be supplied and completed with a detailed study of the final set of rules but also the subset which received some modifications. Even if some key points remains obscure, it’s possible to find some comparison between this text and the contemporary knightly tournaments or the German Fechtschulen.
During the nineteenth century, many sources were published about the regulation of fencing in Renaissance France. Comparing those sources shows significant though incomplete uniformity in the formalities observed in the training of students of fencing, particularly in the process followed by the neophyte in his passage to mastery of the art of defence.
Alessandro Battistini and Niki Corradetti
Since ancient times, the master-at-arms profession has always been considered essential for the education of the nobility and the common citizenship, especially in the Middle Ages. Yet, we know nothing about the real standard of living of these characters. The recent discovery of documents, which report the sums earned by fencing masters to teach combat disciplines, has brought us the possibility to estimate how highly this profession was regarded, and what its actual economic value was in the Italian late Middle Ages. They also give us also a material view into the modes of operation of a sala d’arme in those times.
Using different comparative methods based on the quoted currencies, primary goods and the cost of living, it was possible to analyze prices and duration of various military teachings offered by the fencing Masters in the late Middle Ages and equivalent viable activities of the time. We use three ways to calculate equivalent income levels in euros: from the silver content of the coins (bolognini, equivalent to the soldo); from purchasing power in relation to bread prices; and from equivalent wages. As a result we were able to define more accurately both the accessibility of these services for citizens and the relative value to other professions.
This cursory research study also aims to estimate approximately the current equivalent wages of a fencing master operating in the Italian peninsula in the 15th and early 16th century, confirming that this job was comparable to a modern, highly specialized, profession.
). Nicoletto Giganti, The ‘Lost’ Second Book of Nicoletto Giganti (1608): A Rapier Fencing Treatise, translated by P. Terminiello and J. Pendragon (London: Fox Spirit, 2013). Senese, translated by Piermarco Terminiello, unpublished work. VIII.2. Secondary literature Anglo, Sydney, Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000). Baker, Nicholas Scott, Writing the Wrongs of the past: Vengeance, Humanism, and the Assassination of Alessandro de’ Medici’ The Sixteenth Century Journal , 38/2 (2007). Dollinger, Philippe
armas en treinta y ocho asserciones. Madrid: 1675. Rivera, Tim. A Glossary of Common Iberian Fencing. St. Louis: 2013. http://spanishsword.org/files/common.fencing.glossary.pdf. Senese, Alessandro. Il vero maneggio della spada. Bologna: 1660. Tamariz, Nicolás. Cartilla, y luz en la verdadera destreza. Seville: 1696. Texedo Sicilia de Teruel, Pedro. Escuela de principiantes. Naples: 1678. Valle Ortiz, Manuel. Nueva bibliografía de la antigua esgrima y destreza de las armas. Santiago de
János Majár and Zoltán Várhelyi
In this paper we investigate the basic mathematical and philosophical tool of Gérard Thibault d’Anvers, the Circle. One of our main goals was to describe the Circle with coordinate geometry, and to estimate the rate of accuracy of his work. Furthermore, we also wanted to test the statements made by Thibault in his fencing manual, Academy of the Sword [Thibault, 1630; Greer, 2005]. To do this, we compared his observations and calculations with the results of available modern day and historical anthropometrical data sets. Based on our results, we also want to give some practical information about Thibault system for the fencers who study his art in our time.
Understanding in the Study of Lost Martial Arts. Epistemological Reflections on the Mediality of Historical Records of Technique and the Status of Modern (Re-) Constructions’, Acta Periodica Duellatorum 4/2 (2016), pp. 5-30. Gotti, Roberto, Rizzante, Riccardo, and Jaquet, Daniel, eds, Masquerade. Elegance and extravagance in ancient fencing masks (Botticino: Gairethinx, 2017). Hils, Hans-Peter, ‘Die Handschriften des oberdeutschen Fechtmeisters Hans Talhoffer’, Codices Manuscripti 9/3 (1983), pp. 97-121. Jacobs, Friedrich and Ukert, Ferdinand August
Guilds have a well-established association with the fencing systems of medieval Europe, and the phenomenon of guilds has been the subject of a great deal of new academic research in the last 20 years or so. A thorough summary of the recent scholarship on guilds and their structure and history will help provide context for what may be loosely described as armed guilds. Though armed guilds have not yet been the subject of a proper systematic analysis, it is possible to tentatively identify four types. Combining the summary of ‘civilian’ guilds with the emerging evidence of armed guilds, including the fencing guilds, may help us better understand the social relevance of martial arts in medieval and Early Modern Europe. This may in turn contribute positively to the ongoing efforts to interpret the medieval fightbooks.