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Daniel Jaquet

IV. BIBLIOGRAPHY All primary sources are listed in the appendices, as well as the different exhibition catalogues in appendices. Below are included only the secondary literature quoted in the article. Bauer, Matthias Johannes, ‘Der Allten Fechter gründtliche Kunst’ - Das Frankfurter oder Egenolffsche Fechtbuch: Untersuchung und Edition (München: Utz, 2016). Boffa, Sergio, Les Manuels de Combat (“Fechtbücher” et “Ringbücher”) , Typologie des sources du Moyen Âge occidental 87 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2014). Burkart, Eric, ‘Limits of

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Jerzy Kosiewicz

Foul Play in Sport as a Phenomenon Inconsistent with the Rules, yet Acceptable and Desirable

Author considers assumptions related to foul play in sport as a phenomenon, that affect the body, psyche, or relationships - various social involvements, conditionings, and determinants of those involved with that particular form of athletic activity. This includes fouls committed on and off the field, as well as those not even related to a particular game. Our considerations include fouls of a verbal or acoustic nature; fouls in the form of printed materials; those in the form of visual commentary in films, TV shows, Internet appearances, whether in feature films, dramatized documentaries, documentaries or reports presented in a different publications, festivals, exhibitions, during which co-participants, adversaries or competitors make comments on past or future events during or beyond the competition.

Fouls in sport, particularly those committed by athletes during competition, will always be inconsistent with the accepted rules of the game, that is, with the official regulations. Fouls will also always influence - in more or less annoying, depressing, painful or even tragic ways - the fate and the health of athletes.

No logical - conditional, cause and effect - connection exists between a foul and the rules. Neither the need for nor praise of foul play can stem from the regulations. Yet people directly associated with the sport tolerate it because there is a widespread, quiet acquiescence of such play. Foul play is strongly opposed by supporters of the fair play principle, by those who do not regard sports competition as a phenomenon that can be considered independently beyond moral good and evil.

Foul play is seen also as a desirable phenomenon, when inter alia, regardless of the various penalties imposed on players and team, it helps - in the final balance of losses and benefits - to achieve the planned success. Moreover, it is worth adding that, for instance, the so-called "good foul" in basketball enables one to stop the game clock, the so-called pure-play time of the referee. This creates the possibility of obtaining at least one more point (for a possible 3-point shot from a distance) than the team that executes its two one-point penalty shots granted for the offense (that is, "good foul").

Foul play may also enhance the course of the sports spectacle, and encourage spectators to cheer more frequently. This is particularly important when professional athletic contests are treated as a form of business. The dramatization of foul play as a creation of "game" within a game can also be an additional attraction of the competition; foul play might be used as sophisticated and spectacular trickery, that dismays and hurts in its pragmatic-aesthetic construction, both the referee and the opponent.

Foul play in sports has so many forms and will probably never lose its popular and sometimes spectacular character. Knowing that, everything should be done to protect players from bothersome health, interpersonal, and cultural disablements resulting from foul play.

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Douglas Turco, Dimitra Papadimitrou and Serkan Berber

). Assessing the impacts of hallmark events: Conceptual and research issues. Journal of Travel Research , 23(1), 2-11. Scott, A. K. S., Turco, D. M. (2007). VFRs as a segment of the sport event tourist market. Journal of Sport and Tourism , 12(1), 41-52. Smith, A. (2005). Reimaging the city: the value of sport initiatives. Annals of Tourism Research , 32(1), 217-236. Tang, Q., Turco, D. M. (2001). A profile of high-value event tourists. Journal of Convention and Exhibition Management , 3(2), 33

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Wiesław Pięta and Aleksandra Pięta

Jahre DTTB . Frankfurt am Main: DTTB. Siegman, J. (2005). Jewish Sports Legends (fourth edition) . Virginia: Potomac Books, Inc Washington D. C. Slobodzian, V. (2005). 80 let ceskoslovenskeho stolniho tenisu . Praha: V. Slobodzian - SPOZIA. Szabó, L. (1993). Jews in Hungarian Sports - exhibition of Museum of Physical Education and Sports Budapest /Jehudim basport hahungary: tarubat hamuzeon hahungary lehinuh gufni vesport/ . [org. Csilla Siklódi]. Tel Aviv: Iriya Tel Aviv

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Miloš Stamenković

. Management & Organizational History, 2012 7, 4: 319-335. 19. Brown, Elisabeth H. The Corporate Eye: Photography and the Rationalization of American Commercial Culture, 1884–1929 . JHU Press, 2005. 20. . 21. . 22. . 23. . 24. . 25. https

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Rolf Kretschmann and Udo Von Grabowiecki

-Lethmate. An Exhibition by the German Sport Museum in Cologne (pp. 22-31). Köln: Koordinierungsbüro Deutsches Sportmuseum Köln/ Coordination Bureau of the German Sport Museum in Cologne. Lämmer, M. (1986). Sport und Kunst in der griechischen Antike/ Sport and Art in Ancient Greece. In Galerie der Stadt Stuttgart (Ed.), Kunst und Sport. Malerei, Graphik und Plastik des 20. Jahrhunderts in Baden-Württemberg /Art and Sport. Paintings, Graphic Art and Plastics of the 20th Century in Baden-Württemberg/ (pp. 21-28). Stuttgart: Edition Cantz

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Vladimir Lyakh, Kazimierz Mikołajec, Przemysław Bujas, Zbigniew Witkowski, Tomasz Zając, Ryszard Litkowycz and Damian Banyś

great importance is participation in games (exhibition, commercial or official) combined with procedures of recovery, 3) the transition phase (8-12 weeks) should be directed at full physical and mental recovery following the competitive period in the previous macrocycle. Mainly general exercises should be performed in this phase. Such exercises should ensure the sustainment of general fitness. In case when fundamental principles of periodization are violated, the training process is chaotic and a tight competition schedule limits the athletes’ possibilities in

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Pedro Carvalho, Miguel A. Márquez and Montserrat Díaz

applications. London: Pion [9] Cooper, C., Fletcher, J., Fyall, A., Gilbert, D., & Wanhill, S. (2008). Tourism – Principles and Practice (4th ed.). Essex: Pearson Education Limited [10] Crouch, G. & Louviere, J. (2004) Convention site selection: determinants of destination choice in the Australian domestic conventions sector. Australia: CRC for Sustainable Tourism Pty Ltd [11] Crouch, G., & Ritchie, J. R. B. (1998). Convention site selection research: A review, conceptual model and propositional framework. Journal of Convention and Exhibition Management, 1

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Artur Grządziel and Mariusz Wąż

Field of Hydrography and Maximising Returns for Maritime Safety and Nation Building, National Seminar 21-22 June 2007, Goa, 88-96p, [on-line] (dostęp: 27.10.2015); 13. Mayer L.A., Paton M., Gee L., Gardner S.V., Ware C., Interactive 3-D visualization: a tool for seafloor navigation, exploration and engineering, in OCEANS 2000 MTS/IEEE Conference and Exhibition, vol. 2, 2000, pp. 913-9192; 14. Moustier Ch.d., State of the art in swath