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Ozden Tepekoylu Ozturk, Selhan Ozbey and Hatice Camliyer
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Sports activity is full of difficult and stressful situations. Even athletes with long-term experience often face problems with emotional regulation, coping with stress and with very strong pre-competition emotions such as anxiety. Thus, young, adolescent athletes seem to be even more prone to these problems. Adolescence is a period of intensive changes and remarkable sensitivity to social assessment, which may lead young people to feel social anxiety. Maturing individuals shape their self-image and the image of the world upon their previous life
Dariusz Jastrzębski, Aleksandra Żebrowska, Sebastian Rutkowski, Anna Rutkowska, Joanna Warzecha, Bettina Ziaja, Aleksandra Pałka, Barbara Czyżewska, Damian Czyżewski and Dariusz Ziora
postoperative pain syndromes ( Mraz et al., 2005 ). The long-term pain experienced by patients after surgery causes body abnormalities and pathological postures. Patients subconsciously protect themselves against this pain. This situation results in overloading of other elements of the musculoskeletal system with time and disorders of body posture. Additionally, restrictions of the range of motion of the upper limb on the side of the surgery arise and provoke further body posture faults. Therefore, rehabilitation procedures after the thoracic surgery should include exercises
Milena Marczak, Michał Ginszt, Piotr Gawda, Marcin Berger and Piotr Majcher
). Disorders of visual-spatial orientation are present in Alzheimer's disease and may be its first symptoms ( Possin, 2010 ; Weintraub et al., 2012 ). In mild cognitive impairments, visual-spatial abilities such as visual-motor coordination, psychomotor speed, visual synthesis, and structural praxis are decreased ( Cho et al., 2015 ; Stegmayer et al., 2016 ; Wojtyńska, 2012 ). Changes in cognitive functioning also occur in terms of cognitive flexibility and planning, which are extremely important during visual-spatial tasks ( Gardner et al., 2013 ).
Cezary Kucio, Petr Stastny, Bożena Leszczyńska-Bolewska, Małgorzata Engelmann, Ewa Kucio, Petr Uhlir, Magdalena Stania and Anna Polak
- Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire. Repeated measures ANOVA .
From the review of recent studies presented by Banerjee (2010) it follows that lower extremity NMES can be an alternative to conventional exercise-based rehabilitation of CHF patients during exacerbation of the disease, particularly in patients with NYHA IV symptoms and patients before and after heart transplants. NMES is also reported to promote the rehabilitation of CHF patients with motor system disorders preventing them from taking conventional exercise and CHF