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Between Anthropocentrism and Anthropomorphism: A Corpus-Based Analysis of Animal Comparisons in Shakespeare’s Plays

Abstract

The assertion of the centrality and supremacy of man, or rather, of the idea(l) of humanity, during the Renaissance period, inevitably entailed the repudiation of the animal and the beginning of the great human-animal divide. What was seen, at the time, as the re-birth of man, was also the birth of a rampant anthropocentrism which, until the recent so-called “animal turn”“ in critical and literary studies went unquestioned. Taking this into account, one would expect to find an almost exclusive focus on the human or what is/was perceived as being human in most works from that period. Yet, surprisingly, throughout Shakespeare‘s plays, one encounters a plethora of figures of animality leaping, running, crawling, flying, swimming, or advancing, as Derrida would say, “à pas de loup”“. From dogs, bears, lions, apes and foxes to birds, fish, worms and reptiles, Shakespeare the humanist paradoxically unfolds a veritable bestiary of nonhuman presences. Using corpus-based analysis that focuses on animal similes built with the preposition “like”“ and a critical angle largely informed by posthumanist theory, we take a closer look at the forms, roles and functions of both nonhuman and human animality in Shakespeare, as well as the intricate relationship between anthropocentrism and anthropomorphism.

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Inclusion, Contrast and Polysemy in Dictionaries: The Relationship between Theory, Language Use and Lexicographic Practice

displaying hyponym-hypernym co-occurrence from corpora”. Proceedings of the first CESCL . Budapest, Hungary. Murphy, M. Lynne (2003). Semantic relations and the lexicon . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Oxford English Dictionary , 2 nd ed. (1989). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Quine, Willard van Orman (1960). Word and object . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Rohdenburg, Günther (1985a). “Dogs, bitches and other creatures”. Journal of Semantics, 4 , 117-135. Rohdenburg, Günther (1985b). “Unmarked and marked terms in English”. In G. A

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The Dramatic Arc of the Theory of FSP: A Tentative Diachronic Excursion

. Firbas, Jan. “Dogs must be Carried on the Escalator: a Case Study in FSP potentiality.” Brno studies in English 25. 1999: 7-18. Print. ---. Functional Sentence Perspective in Written and Spoken Communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Print. ---. “On Defining the Theme in Functional Sentence Analysis”, Travaux Linguistiques de Prague 1. 1964: 267-280. Print. ---. “On the Problem of Non-thematic Subjects in Contemporary English.” Časopis pro moderni fi lologii 39. 1957: 171-173. Print

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Evaluating stance-annotated sentences from the Brexit Blog Corpus: A quantitative linguistic analysis

References Adar, Eytan, Li Zhang, Lada A. Adamic and Rajan M. Lukose. 2004. Implicit structure and the dynamics of blogspace. Workshop on the Weblogging Ecosystem 13 (1): 16989–16995. Agarwal, Nitin and Huan Liu. 2008. Blogosphere: Research issues, tools, and applications. ACM SIGKDD Explorations Newsletter 10 (1): 18–31. Anand, Pranav, Marilyn Walker, Rob Abbott, Jean E. Fox Tree, Robeson Bowmani and Michael Minor. 2011. Cats rule and dogs drool!: Classifying stance in online debate. In Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Computational

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