In recent decades, there has been an increase in the work speed and breadth of agricultural technology used to mow grasses. This modernization has resulted in a decline in wildlife. There are several conventional ways to prevent these losses. The most well-known and simplest technique is to search for wild animals using dogs and a phalanx. The dogs are trained to systematically search the area and drive the animals out. Efficiency is increased when visiting a site regularly, thus disturbing the animals, which are then consequently less likely to fawn. The effectiveness of the swarm line depends on the number of participants involved. The recommended spacing is set at 1–3 m. An effective modern means seems to be the use of an unmanned system and thermal cameras. This article presents a proof of concept of a detection system that is capable of detecting the object searched for in grassy vegetation with more than 96% success, regardless of the flight level. The study contributes to automated detection based on the basic principles of threshold.
horizons in thoracic limb surgery (pp. 71–73). Dublin: British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association. Retrieved September 21, 2018, from http://www.bsavaportal.com/Portals/5/BVOA/files/BVOA Proceedings Dublin meeting Autumn 2010.pdf?ver=2017-07-06-051859-040#page=72.
4. Fitzpatrick, N., & Yeadon, R. (2009). Working algorithm for treatment decision making for developmental disease of the medial compartment of the elbow in dogs. Veterinary Surgery , 38 (2), 285–300. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2008.00495.
5. Groth, A. M., Benigni, L., & Moores, A. P., Lamb, C. R
Isreal Ogunlade, Muyiwa Olarinde Oduwaiye, Kemi Funmilayo Omotesho and Sola Emmanuel Komolafe
This study assessed the constraints faced by commercial poultry farmers in waste management practices in Kogi and Kwara States, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from randomly selected 138 and 125 registered commercial poultry farmers from both states, giving a total sample size of 263 for the study. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data for the study. Results of analysis showed that mean age was 46.7 years, farm size was 991 birds and poultry farming experience was 11 years. Also, majority were male (82.0 %), married (88.8 %), had tertiary education (94.0 %). Mean age of farm was 9 years. Poultry dropping was the most (mean = 2.36) generated waste in the study area. The most prevalent waste management methods used by poultry farmers were open dumping around the farm (mean = 2.23), giving wastes free to the public as farmyard manure (mean = 2.16), poultry wastes are dumped in a nearby bush (mean = 2.09), dead birds are buried in a pit near the farm (mean = 2.08), dead birds are thrown into a nearby bush (mean = 2.01) and dead birds are burnt inside a pit or in a heap near the farm (mean = 2.01). The major constraints faced by farmers in waste management practices were lack of awareness on how to use the wastes productively (mean = 4.06), no agricultural land nearby where wastes can be used (mean = 3.69), excessive odour from waste (mean = 3.66), high cost of chemical treatment (mean = 3.56), high transportation cost (mean = 3.24) and high cost of private waste management agencies (mean = 3.01). Results of Multiple Regression Analysis show that poultry wastes used as farm yard manure, burnt and buried in a pit, sun-dried and burnt and given freely to interested farm workers had inverse significant relationship to constraints while dumping of poultry wastes around the farm, nearby bush and to animals such as dogs had positive significant relationship to constraints faced by respondents in waste management. The study concluded that the level of constraints faced by commercial poultry farmers in waste management practices was high (mean = 3.39) in the study area. The study recommends among others the needs for existing poultry farmers association to include programmes that will enlighten members on poultry waste management practices that will not have negative effect upon their birds and the environments.
K. Machová, I. Svobodová, M. Říha and L. Ryšánková
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A. Dokoupilová, I. Svobodová, H. Chaloupková, L. Kouřimská, B. Dvořáková and R. Končel
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P. Folková, J. Šichtař, O. Šimoník, A. Dokoupilová and R. Rajmon
between sperm viability as determined by flow cytometry and nonreturn rate of diary bulls. Journal of Andrology, 26, 98–106.
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