Bodily Democracy and Development through Sport - towards Intercultural Recognition
The theory of ‘development’, when applied to sports, remains an ambiguous and unclear reference. ‘Development’, like ‘modernization’, can be interpreted as Western sports exported to the Third World, as a neo-colonial ‘brawn drain’ of African athletes to the West, as evolutionism and ‘individualization’, none of which considers cultural diversity. This article analyses functionalist developmental theory, currently mainstream in countries like Germany. Developmental theory has a tendency to overlook diversity in sports and, more specifically, dynamics in popular sports and movement culture within different social contexts. There is nothing like ‘the one sport’, nor does ‘the soccer game’ exist alone in the rich world of football. Diversity in sports inspires differentiated views of democracy. How are different forms of democracy, especially in today's ‘competitive state’, implicated in sports? There is no reason to cultivate an attitude of better-knowing when facing the development of ‘the others’. This limitation launches a humble start for sports development as a means of mutual exchange and enrichment.
Katarzyna Pioš, Karolina Skoczylas and Teresa BrzeziñSka-Wójcik
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Christian Thue Bjørndal, Live Steinnes Luteberget and Simen Holm
potentially deepen the understanding of the mechanisms involved in facilitating elite sport success at the adult level.
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Aguilar ÓG, García MS, Marín JC, Fernández Romero JJ. Influence of a Player
Diogo Monteiro, Carla Chicau Borrego, Carlos Silva, João Moutão, Daniel Almeida Marinho and Luís Cid
-factor model, as well as good internal consistency.
On the other hand, according to Duda (2001) , the evaluation of motivational climate perception in the physical activity and sports field has some limitations. This issue is perhaps related to the diversity of sub-dimensions underlying the main conceptual framework, without excluding the specific psychosocial characteristics of each context, since the up-to-date investigation in the field of evaluation of motivational climate perception shows some slippage in the concept because if affective variables (e.g. worry about
Nadège Rochat, Denis Hauw, Gaëlle Gür and Ludovic Seifert
., 2014 ) giving rise to a wide diversity of performances, practice modalities (distances, types of race), training methods, and use of gear. Trail runners thus bring various and singular experiences to their community, but share common concerns regarding adaptation issues and a jargon specific to their sport.
The jargon is a shared repertoire used to convey personal experiences that serve to reify and contribute to a community of practice: a group of people who share common concerns, problems or a passion and wish to enhance their knowledge and expertise by
Juan J. Pulido, David Sánchez-Oliva, Francisco M. Leo, Sergio Matos and Tomás García-Calvo
players, optimal time for efficacy and use of feedback, giving priority to the process ( Koka and Hein, 2005 ). To develop (iii) relatedness support strategies, coaches should propose guidelines to facilitate the integration of all players, grouping strategies, dynamics of knowledge, development of social skills, etc. by investing time, energy and necessary resources ( Grolnick and Ryan, 1989 ). It is also necessary to propose a task design involving a style of communication relationship support, which is characterised by the interaction and cooperation of the athletes
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Jerzy K. Garbacz, Jacek Cieściński, Jerzy Ciechalski, Ryszard Dąbkowski and Jolanta Cichowska
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