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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.
Study design: B.G., Ł.M.; data collection B.G, Ł.M., M.S., statistical analysis: Ł.M., M.S.; result interpretation B.G., Ł.M., M.S..; manuscript preparation B.G., Ł.M., M.S.; literature review: B.G., Ł
Adam Gendźwiłł, Joanna Krukowska and Marta Lackowska
significant forms of IMC in Poland. We base our analyses on the surveys of Polish IMUs and IMComs conducted in 2015 and 2017, respectively.
Perceived motives and outcomes of inter-municipal cooperation
The multilateral character of cooperation implies that each of the actors involved may be guided by different motives. Some authors suggest that the homogeneity of partners is an important factor enabling/disabling common action. According to Feiock, Steinacker & Park (2009) , the diversity of partners’ economic situations may have a negative impact on the likelihood
and Engineering S 24 1 129 140
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El Bakouri H. Ouassini A. Morillo J. Usero J. 2008 Pesticides in groundwater beneath Loukkos perimeter, Northwest Morocco Journal of Hydrology 34 270 278
EL Khoumsi W., Hammani A., Kuper M., Bouaziz A., 2014. Deterioration of groundwater in arid environments: what impact in oasis dynamics? Case study of Tafilalet, Morocco. International
Konrad Podawca, Krzysztof Karsznia and Agata Pawłat Zawrzykraj
relevant subject literature, the diversity of urbanisation of suburb areas is widely described, considering demographic, economic, socio-cultural, natural landscape and spatial factors ( Kutkowska et al. 2010 ; Małek 2011 ; Zegar et al. 2016 ; Mikołajczyk & Raszka 2016 ; Harasimowicz 2018 ). The set of variables used in the study of the urbanisation level and dynamics is extensive, considering:
– the demographic aspect – these include a natural increase, the migration attractiveness ratio, the percentage of the population of working age, the fertility rate of
measurements throughout the Oľšava River’s profile.
This study was supported by the Scientific Grant Agency: VEGA 1/0963/17 Landscape dynamics in high resolution and VEGA 1/0119/15 Terrestrial laser scanning of urban vegetation for creation of virtual 3-D models of cities and their applications , funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic.
The authors are also indebted to R.J. Marshall for the language correction.
We would also like to thank the reviewers for their insightful and helpful comments on