between different cultural groups trigger brain reactions as the brain provides lower-level, as well as higher-level reactions on conflicts ( Berns and Atran, 2012 ).
Cultural distances can be measured. At least two different comprehensive methods have been developed, by Geert Hofstede (2001) and Shalom Schwartz ( Hofstede, 2001 ; Schwartz, 2006). However, the importance of language differences, religion and ethnicity is also applied to measure cultural diversity (Kashima and Kashima, 1998 ; Fearon, 2003 ; Patsiurko, Campbell and Hall, 2012).
motive dominates, the pool of emigrants will be more selected, for example, those who emigrate will resemble the population at destination more than the population at home. Consequently, from a purely compositional standpoint, this would predict cultural divergence between home and host populations. In the second part of the model, we acknowledge cultural interactions between immigrants and the host population and well as between emigrants and their home population and consider cultural dynamics, using the Bisin and Verdier (2000) framework, where culture is
Vadims Murašovs, Aleksejs Ruža, Vitālijs Raščevskis and Valērijs Dombrovskis
Murasovs, V., Ruza, A., Rascevskis, V. & Dombrovskis, V. (2016). Expecting Refugees in Latvia: Intergroup Anxiety. Social Sciences Bulletin , 2 (21), 60–74.
Expecting Refugees in Latvia: Intergroup Anxiety
Social Sciences Bulletin
Murray, K. E. & Marx, D. M. (2013). Attitudes toward unauthorized immigrants, authorized immigrants, and refugees. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. 19 (3), 332–341. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0030812
Murray K. E