Patrick Gibbons, Sharkey Scott and Cormac Mac Fhionnlaoich
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Brendan McSweeney, Donna Brown and Stravroula Iliopoulou
power to it. Good variable-orientated studies emphasize probabilistic outcomes and consideration of alternative explanations because rejection of possible explanations plays an essential role in choosing the preferred explanation. In contrast, Hofstede’s example is absolute and no alternatives are considered. Nor does it have data about and familiarity with the diversity and richness of specific circumstances or consideration of the process and dynamics of cause and effect.
Societal level models of all types, not just the cultural, often lack clarity about causality
Electrophysiological Endophenotype, from a Unitary Cohort, Shows Greater Research Utility than any Single Feature in the Western Australian Family Study of Schizophrenia // Biological Psychiatry. Vol. 60, No. 1, p. 1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2005.09.010.
47. Rubino, Ch., Avery, D. R., Volpone, S. D., Ford, L. (2014). Does Teaming Obscure Low Performance? Exploring the Temporal Effects of Team Performance Diversity // Human Performance. Vol. 27, No. 5, p. 416-434. doi: 10.1080/08959285.2014.956175.
48. Schippers, M. C. (2014). Social Loafing
attributable to cultural diversity and learning styles that were incompatible with Western pedagogical assumptions. Moreover, some student experiences in the studies were found to be positive, while others found the experience disempowering ( Rigg and Trehan, 1999 ).
Educator insights have also stressed the importance of managing issues regarding the power of participants, programme structures, and resources ( Sinclair, 2007 ). The management classroom can also reveal the emotional and political ‘dynamics’ of the group and how these create structures for action and
Robert J. Galavan, Denis Harrington and Felicity Kelliher
embrace the plurality of truth through engagement with a diversity of perspectives, including contextualised ones, that contribute to knowledge. Nowotny et al. (2001) call for a contextualisation of research that recognises the interrelated role of science and society – in this narrative contextualisation is a general ambition of science rather than a pollutant.
Decontextualised science cannot provide the solution to the postmodern problem and Nowotny et al. (2001) identify that the evaluation of quality in research is no longer solely within the gift of a closed
life in Ireland. Galligan (1998) states that the changing role of women produces changes in the dependent female roles of wife, mother and homemaker, holding out the potential of greater sexual freedom and independence in a variety of contexts. The composition of the traditional family in Ireland has changed dramatically in the last three decades. Such changes can be attributed to declining fertility and family size, significant increases in non-marital births, increasing diversity in the family structure and a widening generation gap in the sexual practices of the
understanding a larger class of (similar) units’. Eisenhardt (1989 : 534) simply defines the case study as ‘a research strategy which focuses on understanding the dynamics present within single settings’.
Case studies are a commonly employed empirical strategy in IS research ( Lee and Hubona, 2009 ; Orlikowski and Baroudi, 1991 ) and have become increasingly popular within the field ( Doolin, 1996 ; Steventon et al., 2012 ). They can be used to achieve various research aims, inclusive of providing rich descriptions of phenomena in context and developing or testing theory
the contract, breach occurs ( Rousseau, 1990 ). Previous literature on psychological contracts has employed the sensemaking theory to explain the dynamics of contract breach ( Conway and Briner, 2005 ; Morrison and Robinson, 1997 ). This paper will adopt a sensemaking approach consistent with Rousseau’s (2001) position on psychological contracts as cognitive schemata ( Morrison and Robinson, 1997 ). Schema-based sensemaking processes are generally understood to be naturally occurring for new employees from entry onwards ( Harris, 1994 ). When new hires enter the
owners towards pensions, international research, mainly from the US and the UK, is used in the application of this model to small employers’ PRSA decisions. A series of propositions are put forward that require testing through future empirical research in the Irish context.
Small business research suggests that the classification based on size includes a very heterogeneous mix of businesses and a wide range of HR practices formed through their interface with the external environment and their internal dynamics ( Harney and Dundon, 2006 ; Nadin and Cassell, 2007