2.1 Co-presence: initiating open and contingent social dynamics
What are the social effects of physical co-presence? Goffman (1963: 17) defines co-presence as follows: “Persons must sense that they are close enough to be perceived in whatever they are doing, including their experiencing of others, and close enough to be perceived in this sensing of being perceived”. This quote illustrates that physical co-presence itself has no social consequences. Yet it provides a physical setting in space that allows the conscious awareness of the presence of
, P. Keeble, D.: High Technology Industry and Innovative Environments: The European Experience. — London, New York 1988; vgl. dazu auch: Maillat, D. Crevoisir, O. Lecoq, B.: Innovation Networks and Territorial Dynamics: A Tentative Typology. In: Patterns of a Network Economy. — Berlin 1994, S. 33–54 und Camagni, R.: High Technology Milieux in Italy and New Reflections about the Concept of Milieu Innovateur. = Arbeitspapier, vorgestellt auf dem „European Workshop on High Technology Enterprise and Innovative Regional Milieux”. — Cambridge 1995 und den Netzwerkansatz
there after 1989 have been the research subject of many authors. Unfortunately, the majority of works have been published in Polish and therefore their accessibility is limited. There are certain exceptions, although the published articles concern changes related to the political transformation rather than socio-economic development dynamics (cf. Węcławowicz 2002 ; Parysek 2004 , 2005 ; Parysek & Mierzejewska 2005 ; Parysek 2007 ; Korcelli-Olejniczak 2007 ; Mierzejewska 2009 ; Parysek 2010a , 2010b ; Smętkowski 2010 ; Steinführer et al. 2010 ; Korcelli
steigern. Die übersichtlichen Zusammenfassungen am Ende jeden Kapitels sind aber eine wichtige Gedankenstütze, um den Überblick in der komplexen Argumentationskette nicht zu verlieren.
Duranton, G.; Puga, D. (2000): Diversity and Specialisation in Cities: Why, Where and When Does it Matter? In: Urban Studies 37, 3, 533–555. 10.1080/0042098002104
Duranton G. Puga D. 2000 Diversity and Specialisation in Cities: Why, Where and When Does it Matter? Urban Studies 37 3 533 555
Kujath, H. J.; Zillmer, S. (Hrsg.) (2010): Räume der
The notion of resilience is being utilised by an increasing number of authors keen to understand the dynamics of local and regional economies and particularly how they deal with economic shocks and recessionary crises (see, for example, Christopherson/Michie/Tyler 2010 ; Pendall/Foster/Cowell 2010 ; Hill/St. Clair/Wial et al. 2011 ). Most people have an intuitive notion of what resilience means: the capacity to sustain a shock, recover, and continue to function and, more generally, cope with change ( Walker/Holling/Carpenter et al. 2004 : 5
: Administrative Science Quarterly 35, 1, 128–152. 10.2307/2393553
Cohen W. M. Levinthal D. M. 1990 Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation Administrative Science Quarterly 35 1 128 152
Cooke, P.; Laurentis, C; MacNeill, S.; Collinge, C. (Hrsg.) (2010): Platforms of Innovation: Dynamics of new Industrial Knowledge Flows. Cheltenham, Northampton.
Cooke P Laurentis C MacNeill S. Collinge C. 2010 Platforms of Innovation: Dynamics of new Industrial Knowledge Flows Cheltenham, Northampton
existing inclusion/exclusion dynamics in the urban space. While numerous works have examined the relationship between Turkish migrants and urban regeneration, especially in the German context, their perceptions about other migrant groups have yet to be analyzed. Moreover, the implications of encounters between these two different migrant groups for the construction and meaning of (urban) citizenship have been mostly overlooked. Any attempt to close this gap requires making an "analytical distinction between Long-term residents and Newcomers [...] because the length of
diversity and higher levels of assortativity within their networks may demonstrate higher economic performance in the short-term but face challenges due to lower levels of adaptability in times of crises within the dominant industries (similar to arguments in Hassink 2009 ). The 'smart specialisation' strategy as a guideline for EU Structural Funds Operational Programs is intended to support regions to find this narrow line between efficient specialisation and necessary diversification along technological platforms and related industries by requiring regionally specific
terms of knowledge creation, explain the meaning of temporality and places, and the method of design thinking as a supporting approach to combine social space and physical place. The third section provides an analytical framework of three supporting aspects, combined with the three main elements of the design-thinking approach. This analytical framework is used to explain the socio-spatial dynamics in the process of knowledge creation in innovation processes. The methodology and data section follows. Then, in Section 5, the empirical results of the interviews are
potential and economic development ( Norris 2001 ). “Glocalism”, a concept developed in the 1980s by Swyngedouw (1992) , incorporates these two parallel contradictory dynamics of globalization and localism. In recent years, as will be shown by the contributions of this special issue, metropolitan institutions are moving in both directions: on the one hand they aim to better position the metropolis in the international competition of city regions, and on the other hand they have to care about local, internal functional coherence and socio-economic balance.
In a similar