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The effects of Guarana (Paullinia cupana) supplementation on the cognitive performance of young healthy adults – a Systematic Review

cupana) on cognition. A secondary objective is to compare guarana with caffeine on cognitive performance. Such a comparison aims to evaluate the role of different compounds found in guarana and their possible synergy with guaranine. Methods Type of Study The study was a systematic review. Searches were made in PubMed. Search terms were ‘Guarana’ or ‘Paullinia cupana’. The PubMed filter was customized to ‘Controlled Clinical Trial’. The search was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA criteria

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Barriers and facilitators to conducting research by early career psychiatrists: a literature review

identify research studies conducted on ECPs, and to synthetize information about facilitators and barriers to them engaging in research. Methods Search strategy The electronic search of the literature was performed in the databases PubMed and the Cochrane library. The following search terms were used: doctor descriptors (‘doctors’, ‘trainees’, ‘residents’, ‘physicians’), ECP descriptors (‘psychiatric trainees’, ‘early career psychiatrists’), and research descriptors (‘research’ [MeSH] and ‘publishing’ [MeSH]). A secondary hand search was performed in the relevant

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Nocturnal Enuresis is an Under-recognised Side Effect of Clozapine: Results of a Systematic Review

and reducing the need for inpatient admission. To assess the relevance of clozapine associated nocturnal enuresis, the aim of this systematic review was to determine the prevalence of nocturnal enuresis secondary to clozapine use. Methods Literature search To investigate the prevalence of nocturnal enuresis in patients taking clozapine, a systematic review was conducted using the electronic data source, PubMed. The literature search was performed in March 2018. The search terms used were ‘clozapine’, ‘nocturnal enuresis’ and ‘urinary incontinence’. Those

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A systematic review of mindfulness based interventions for children and young people with ADHD and their parents

and their parents b) specifically to identify whether a relationship exists between MBI and children/adolescents with ADHD in terms of: attention and impulse control demonstrated in reduction in behaviour problems c) to understand if there is a link between MP and improved relationship with children and subsequent parental stress d) identify priorities for future research in this area Methods Inclusion and exclusion criteria Journal articles were required to meet the following criteria in order to be included in the present review. These criteria

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Impact of Social Context on the Self-Concept of Gay and Lesbian Youth: A Systematic Review

from the “majority,” leading to directing the social homophobia toward the self, resulting in internalized homophobia. Seeing the social context as hostile may lead to maladaptive responses, decreased self-esteem, and aggression toward oneself and toward other sexual minority individuals ( Garnets et al., 1990 ; Herek et al., 2009 ; Frost & Meyer, 2009 ; Szymanski & Gupta, 2009 ). Evidence for these views came from Meyer (1995) who studied the differences between gay and straight men, suggesting that gay men overall show higher distress in areas such as self

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