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T. Deepan Bharathi Kannan, B. Suresh Kumar, G. Rajesh Kannan, M. Umar and Mohammad Chand Khan

part in computer-aided manufacturing. The direct search method is one of the most popular mathematical optimization methods. It computes the first derivative of an objective function and sets it to zero, where the function becomes a maximum or minimum. The second derivative of the objective function is then used to determine the maxima or minima. Clearly, therefore, the objective function in classical and direct optimization must be continuous and twice differentiable. However, this requirement is generally not met in real-world problems [ 8 ]. This has led to the

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Caneon Kurien and Ajay Kumar Srivastava

the operation of the BFP is 5220 rpm and it is achieved by connecting the shaft of the motor to the BP via step up hydraulic coupling, which steps up the speed of the motor (1500 rpm) to the required speed of the BFP (5220 rpm). The main parts of a BFP are pump barrel, rotor, stator and mechanical seal. Figure 5 Boiler feed water pump Water passes through the suction branch into the intake spiral, and from there, it is directed to the first impeller. After leaving the impeller, it passes through the distributing passages of the diffuser, where it

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Warit Wipulanusat, Kriengsak Panuwatwanich, Rodney A. Stewart and Jirapon Sunkpho

Introduction One of the most important steps in managing public sector innovation is having an appropriate definition for it. However, the innovation definition has been the subject of debates in the literature. Mulgan and Albury (2003) defined innovation in the public sector as the ‘creation and implementation of new processes, products, services, and methods of delivery, which result in significant improvements in outcomes efficiency, effectiveness or quality’ (p. 3). Currie et al. (2008) described innovativeness in a public sector context as the search

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Andrea Sujová, Katarína Marcineková and Ľubica Simanová

to management based on enterprise search and analysis from the point of view of business activities and activities performed by managing staff. The basic idea of the process approach is that low business performance is caused by ineffective internal processes which should be changed, aiming to increase efficiency and higher added value for the customer. For many authors, process management is the most substantial breakthrough of the 20th century. Process management presents systems, procedures, methods and tools for sustainable maximised performance and continuous

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Jason J Turner and Andrea Szymkowiak

Introduction The use of self-service technologies (SSTs) has been increasingly incorporated into the retail environment ( Arnfield, 2014 ; Yang, Liu & Ding, 2012 ; Jamal, 2004 ; Burke, 2002 ; Merrilees & Miller, 2001 ) in recent years, with “many leading European retailers… heavily investing in self-scanning technology as part of their growth strategy” ( Retail Technology, 2010 , p. 1). SSTs are defined as technological interfaces, which assist the customer in the service process without the direct engagement of staff (Oyedele & Simpson, 2007; Meuter et

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Michael Pace

-time projects. International Journal of Project Management , 33(8), 1836-1850. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2015.07.009 Wysocki, R. K. (2014). Effective project management: Traditional, agile, extreme (7th ed.) . Indianapolis: John Wiley and Sons. Zdanyte, K. and Neverauskas, B. (2011). The theoretical substation of project management challenges. Economics and Management , 16, 1013-1018. Retrieved from http://libezproxy.tamu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=trueanddb=e5handAN=61822101andsite=eds-live