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Cressy, R., Munari, F., & Malipiero
related decision-making and accountability perspectives that might be influenced by such manipulation.
The Focused View refers to PSCA in the specific context of published financial statements and concentrates on the measurement and presentation of financial performance (reported surplus or deficit) and the recognition and measurement of debt. This narrow view has affinity with the study of earnings management in the corporate sector literature.
The research method adopted is based upon a search for relevant articles, primarily from the academic literature although
Kristin Wagner-Krechlok, Dennis Hilgers and Helge C. Brixner
political representatives and administrative officials use the information to improve their decision-making, leading to a more efficient and effective public administration and healthy public finances. Having completed the reform process, in Hamburg it is possible to evaluate decision-makers’ actual experiences with the new accounting and budgeting system ( Burth & Hilgers, 2014 ). By drawing on these experiences this paper contributes to a better understanding of how reforms in public sector financial management succeed.
The paper begins by describing the methods used
crowdsourcing and continuous process of differentiation of CBM among them. This pertains to broadcast search, crowd motivations, or crowd definitions [ Amrollahi, 2015 ; Waldner and Poetz, 2015 ; Li, 2016 ; Massa et al., 2017 ] and types of platforms and generations. Each of them have different roles and characteristics [ Estellés-Arolas and González-Ladrón-De-Guevara, 2012 ; Prpić et al., 2015 ; Prpić, 2016 ]. Also, we have other markets, including product ones, where heterogeneous firms function. The difference between them are product types and how modern they
António Cerdeiras, Bruno Pinheiro, Laurentina Vareiro and Raquel Mendes
participate, developing and exploring their creative abilities and, at the same time, getting involved and getting to know the local community and their culture as part of an engaging experience.
Thus, in order to improve the living conditions of the population of Póvoa de Lanhoso, generating direct and indirect employment, involving the local community, through its organized groups and associations, we propose the development of economic, social and cultural activities that ensure the defence and the cultural heritage of the region, specifically the Castle of Lanhoso
: Globalization Induced Changes and the Role of FDI Policies. Background Paper for the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics held in Oslo, World Bank, Washington, D.C.
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entries ( Riquelme & González, 2016 ). Among the studies on the influence of microblog users, scholars have also integrated or combined multiple direct indicators by constructing certain index systems or adopting mathematical modeling methods, in addition to putting forward indirect indicators, such as a mathematical model based on the PageRank algorithm to define the integrated indicator of users’ influence ( Kim, Lee & Straub, 2018 ), the location of the users’ network structure, and the dynamic interaction of the user in the network structure ( Hong, He, Ge, Wang
equity funds, as knowledge hereof constitutes a necessary foundation for the subsequent discussions. After this, a traditional legal dogmatic method is used to analyze the research question. The dogmatic analysis is divided in two main parts, as the question of creating a PE for the foreign investors will be considered in relation to both the main PE rule and the agency PE rule. The discussions will, among other things, draw on Danish experiences, as the question concerning PE for private equity investors has been dealt with in a number of recent decisions from the