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Kinga Kimic, Gabriela Maksymiuk and Marzena Suchocka

dimension, education and others (Naisbit, 1982; Lubański, 2004 ). Within the information society, one can distinguish a generation of “digital natives”, i.e. people born in the digital era, for whom new media are the basic environment of existence (in other words, they are addicted to new media). Thanks to innovative gadgets, they have direct access to data and searched content ( Prensky, 2001 ), and they often use multiple multimedia devices at the same time, or one multifunctional device for several activities enabling access to media ( Mysior, 2014 ). This social

Open access

Agnieszka Szczepańska and Katarzyna Pietrzyk

areas, 11. Playground, 12. Playground, 13. Playground, 14. Urban interior, 15. Playground with public green space, 16. Playground with public green space, 17. Municipal square, 18. Urban interior, 19. Public green space, 20. Municipal square 2.4 Questionnaire survey A questionnaire survey was carried out to collect the views of local community members in the Old Town district. In the questionnaire, the respondents were asked to voice their opinions about public spaces in the district. The direct survey method was selected based on a review of the

Open access

Łukasz Damurski, Jacek Pluta, Karel Maier and Hans Thor Andersen

(many residents living on social welfare) the district is currently undergoing an integrated renewal programme. 6 Materials and methods The general methodological approach of this paper is embedded in the social sciences. No single method for stakeholder analysis is perfect, but one of the typical empirical tools used for identification of actors is interviews (see Yang, 2014 ). In our research we applied in-depth interviews (IDIs) with various actors representing three levels of the local social and political environment in each of the selected neighbourhoods

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Risto Kalliola, Niina Käyhkö and Sanna Jokela

other open information sources and a semantic web may lead to the fourth generation of SDIs. For example, Iwaniak et al . (2017) have examined how GIS data can be converted into user demanded knowledge, thereby supporting new kinds of purposes. In many countries, SDI development has primarily focussed on national-level needs with close ties to governmental data policies and practices. In some places, the top-down approach is complemented by regional (sub-national) schemes that may have evolved more freely in direct response to the specific conditions of their

Open access

Isaiah Sewanu Akoteyon

to water contributes significantly to the man-hour loss and poor hygiene status of the people. 4 Materials and method The data used for this study was obtained through a survey using a direct questionnaire to obtain information from households with access to water supply across varied residential areas in parts of Lagos metropolis, Nigeria. The survey was conducted between August and September 2012, and covered high-, medium- and low-income residential areas. The grid method, with a grid measuring 10×10 cm representing 1×1 km on the ground ( Fadare, Olawuni