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Mustapha Diaf, Méghit Boumediene Khaled and Feriel Sellam

, Broom JI, Speakman JR, Johnstone AM. Dietary intake and self-reporting relation to eating behaviour in obese and type 2 diabetes patients. Baltic Endocrinology 2: 24-30, 2006. Accessed at : http://www.abdn.ac.uk/energeticsresearch/publications/pdf_docs/247.pdf, 2015. 33. Tounian P. L’obésité de l’enfant, John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp 196, 2006. 34. García-Meseguer MJ, Burriel FC, García CV, Serrano-Urrea R. Adherence to Mediterranean diet in a Spanish university population. Appetite 78: 156-64, 2014. 35. Ruhee D

Open access

Meriem Bencharif, Chaima Boudaoud, Amal Fenaghra and Youcef Benabbas

nutritional habits and energy expenditure in Ramadan. Intl J Food Sci Nutri 51: 125-34, 2000. 5. Waterhouse J, Alkib L, Edwards B, Reilly T . Diurnal changes in sleep, food and fluid intakes, and activity during Ramadan, 2006, in the UK: some preliminary observations. Biol Rhythm Res 39: 449-467, 2008. 6. Hajek P, Myers K, Dhanji AR, West O, McRobbie H . Weight change during and after Ramadan fasting. J Public Health (Oxf) 34: 377-381, 2011. 7. Bencharif M, Dahili K, Benseghir L, Benabbas Y . Effect of Ramadan fasting on dietary intake and physical

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Mihaela Posea, Andreea Dragomir, Emilia Rusu, Raluca Nan, Ramona Draguţ, Horaţiu Popescu, Florentina Stoicescu, Ileana Teodoru, Anca Hâncu, Marilena Stoian and Gabriela Radulian

Abstract

Background and Aims To document the nutritional content of food intake in overweight and obese people, in order to change dietary habits for acquiring the normal weight. Material and methods We assessed the nutritional content of food intake (kilocalories, vitamins and minerals) in a sample of 124 overweight and obese people and 33 subjects with normal weight. We also measured abdominal circumference, percent of body fat and resting metabolic rate. Results Overweight and obese patients, compared to normal weight, have a significant increased intake of vitamin A (p=0.002), vitamin B1 (p=0.037), vitamin B5 (p=0.047), vitamin C (p=0.029) and vitamin D (p=0.015), sodium (p=0.036), iron (p=0.032) and selenium (p=0.007). The percent of body fat in obese persons is increased (p=0.00001) and very close to abnormal in patients with no weight problems. An increased food intake, above the calculated resting metabolic rate, is associated with a slower metabolism and a rapid resting metabolic rate is often associated with food intake below resting metabolic rate (p=0.002). Conclusions All subjects had imbalanced intake of vitamins and minerals. The normal weight group didn’t achieve the dietary recommendations for vitamins and minerals and we found that these subjects had risk factors for cardiac diseases like increased abdominal circumference, body fat and sodium intake.

Open access

Holenarasipur Nagesh Santosh and Chaya David

vitamin C on glycemic control and lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 4: 524-527, 2012. 6. Cade J, Thompson R, Burley V, Warm D. Development, validation and utilisation of food frequency questionnaires - a review. Public Health Nutr 5:567-587, 2002. 7. Weiler HA, Leslie WD, Krahn J, Steiman PW, Metge CJ. Canadian Aboriginal women have a higher prevalence of vitamin D deficiency than non-Aboriginal women despite similar dietary vitamin D intakes. J. Nutr 137: 461-465, 2007. 8

Open access

Costela Lăcrimioara Șerban, Denis Mihai Șerban, Ștefania Ioana Butica and Diana Lungeanu

age 5 and 7 years and fatness at 9 years among UK children. Int J Obes 32(4): 586-593, 2008. 17. Malik VS, Willett WC, Hu FB. Sugar-sweetened beverages and BMI in children and adolescents: reanalyzes of a meta-analysis Am J Clin Nutr 7: 438-439, 2008. 18. Astrup A, Christensen B, Buemann P, Western S, Toubro A, Raben N. Obesity as an adaptation to a high-fat diet: evidence from a cross-sectional study. Am J Clin Nutr 59(2): 350-355, 1994. 19. Crume TL, Brinton JT, Shapiro A et al. Maternal dietary intake during

Open access

Gautam Rawal and Sankalp Yadav

Nutr 2012; 95: 1385–95. 11. Hallin R, Koivisto-Hursti UK, Lindberg E, Janson C. Nutritional status, dietary energy intake and the risk of exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Respir Med 2006; 100: 561–7. 12. Langen RC, Gosker HR, Remels AH, Schols AM. Triggers and mechanisms of skeletal muscle wasting in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 2013; 45: 2245–56. 13. Remels AH, Gosker HR, Langen RC, Schols AM. The mechanisms of cachexia underlying muscle dysfunction in COPD. J Appl

Open access

J. David Spence

-conscious individuals [ 6 ] , both dietary cholesterol and egg consumption significantly increased coronary risk. In animal models, dietary cholesterol causes atherosclerosis [ 7 – 9 ] . A single jumbo (65 g) egg yolk contains 237 mg of cholesterol. This is more than the recommended daily intake of cholesterol, and nearly as much as the 275 mg of cholesterol in the dietary monstrosity, the Hardee’s Monster Thickburger, which contains 12 ounces of beef, three slices of cheese, and four slices of bacon. Obviously the burger, which also contains saturated fat, is more harmful than the

Open access

Hayat Didaoui and Méghit Boumediene Khaled

, Charfi N, Trabelsi L, et al. Prévalence et facteurs de risque du surpoids et de l’obésité dans une population d’enfants scolarisés en milieu urbain Sfax, Tunisie. Pan Afr Med J 17: 57, 2014. 5. Oulamara H. Obésité et surpoids des enfants scolarisés, prévalence à Constantine 1996-2004. Facteurs de risque associés à Constantine et Jijel. PhD. Thesis. Food Sciences. Mentouri University of Constantine. pp 227, 2005. 6. Carriere C, Langevin C, Lamireau T, Maurice S, Thibault H . Dietary behaviors as associated factors for overweight and obesity in a sample

Open access

Tiberius Mogoş, Carmen Dondoi and Andra Evelin Iacobini

References 1. Thompson ME, Noel MB. Issues in nutrition: Carbohydrates. FP Essent 452: 26-30, 2017. 2. Threapleton DE, Greenwood DC, Evans CE et al. Dietary fibre intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 347: f6879, 2013. 3. Madar Z, Thorne R. Dietary fiber. Prog Food Nutr Sci 11: 153-174, 1987. 4. Weickert MO, Pfeiffer AF. Metabolic effects of dietary fiber consumption and prevention of diabetes. J Nutr 138: 439-442, 2008. 5. Nuttall FQ

Open access

Mihaela Posea, Andreea Dragomir and Gabriela Radulian

_eng.pdf on 1st October 2016 10. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids. The National Academies Press. Washington, DC 2005. Accessed at: https://www.nap.edu/read/10490/chapter/1 on 1st October 2016. 11. Ghandehari H, Le V, Kamal-Bahl S, Bassin SL, Wong ND. Abdominal obesity and the spectrum of global cardiometabolic risks in US adults. Int J Obes (Lond) 33: 239-248, 2009