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Claudiu Avram and Mihaela Oravitan

., Bere E., Due P. (2006) Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among children and adolescents: a review of the literature. Part I: quantitative studies. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 11;3:22; 10. Holst B., Williamson G. (2008) Nutrients and phytochemicals: from bioavailability to bioefficacy beyond antioxidants. Curr Opin Biotechnol,19:73-82; 11. Williamson G., Holst B. (2008). Dietary reference intake value for dietary polyphenols: are we heading in the right direction? Br J Nutr, 99:S55-S58; 12. Huxley R

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Mihela Ferlinc and Bojan Knap

REFERENCES 1. Bovio G, Esposito C, Montagna G, et al. Inadequate macronutrient and micronutrient intakes in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients: data from a seven-day weighed dietary record. Nephron. 2016; 133: 253–260. 2. De Mutsert R, Grootendorst DC, Boeschoten EW, et al. Netherlands Cooperative Study on the Adequacy of Dialysis-2 Study Group: Subjective global assessment of nutritional status is strongly associated with mortality in chronic dialysis patients. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2009; 89: 787–793. 3. Fouque

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Miroljub Ivanović, Srdjan Milosavljević and Ugljesa Ivanović

Eating Disorders 48–1 (2015): 100–110. 35. Kyung E Rhee, Susan Dickstein, Elissa Jelalian, Kerri Boutelle, „Ronald Seifer, and Rena Wing, Development of the General Parenting Observational Scale to assess parenting during family meals“, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12–49 (2015): 2–15. 36. Dorus W. M. Gevers, Patricia van Assema, Ester F. C. Sleddens, Nanne K. de Vries, Stef P. J. Kremers, „Associations between general parenting, restrictive snacking rules, and adolescent’s snack intake. The roles of fathers and

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Kalina Gjorgjievska, Dimce Zafirov, Maja Jurhar-Pavlova, Svetlana Cekovska, Emilija Atanasovska, Kristina Pavlovska and Dragica Zendelovska

Pharmacol Sci. 2006; 100: 370-90. 11. Susic D, Fares H, Frohlich E.D. Salt, Arterial pressure and cardiovascular and renal damage. Ochsner Journal. 2009; 9: 197-203. 12. Yuan B, Leenen FHH. Dietary sodium intake and left ventricular hypertrophy in normotensive rats.Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 1991; 261: H1397- H1401. 13. Meulemans D. Determination of total protein in spinal fluid with sulphosalycilic acid and trichloroacetate. Clin Chim Acta. 1961; 5: 757-61. 14. Bartels H and Bohmer M. Serum creatinine

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Natasa Eftimovska-Otovic, Risto Grozdanovski, Borjanka Taneva and Olivera Stojceva-Taneva

E, et al. Prescription of individualized dialysаte sodium in patients on chronic hemodialysis. MMP. 2013; 66(3): 174-180. 11. Jablonski Kl, Gates PE, Pierce GL. Low dietary sodium intake is associated with enhanced vascular endothelial function in middle aged and older adults with elevated systolic blood pressure. The Adv Cardiovasc Dis. 2009; 3: 347-356. 12. Chou KJ, Lee PT, Chen CL, et al. Physiological changes during hemodialysis in patients with intradialysis hypertension. Kidney Int. 2006; 69: 1833-1838. 13

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Godwin Awabil and Eric Anane

Abstract

This study explored the factor structure and reliability of a new Health Behaviour Inventory (HBI) to assess the health behaviour of adults. Data in this study were collected from a total of 581 postgraduate students of the University of Cape Coast. The HBI was subjected to principal component factor analysis with Varimax (Kaiser Normalization). The Kaiser Meyer–Olkin measure was used to verify the sampling adequacy for the factor analysis, which yielded KMO of .808. This indicated that the sample size was adequate and factor analysis could be performed on the data set. Bartlett’s test of Sphericity (χ2 = 8133.626, p = 0.000) was significant for the sample. The analysis yielded six factors with robust reliabilities. The six factors were: alcohol intake, smoking, dietary behaviour, physical exercise, salt intake and weight management. With respect to the reliability of the instrument, the HBI items yielded a Cronbach’s alpha of .792 for the total scale. The exploratory factor analyses demonstrated good factor structure and internal consistency. However, since this is the first study to explore the HBI structure, the researchers recommended that further investigations into the psychometric properties (such as the predictive validity) of the instrument be carried out.